What were the factors propelling America toward overseas expansion in the 1890s?
The desire to expand overseas agricultural and manufacturing exports, the yellow press of Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst, and the ideologies of Anglo-Saxon superiority and Social Darwinism
Americans first became concerned with the situation in Cuba because
The battleship Maine exploded in Havana Harbor
Even before the sinking of the Main, the American public's indignation at Spain had been whipped into a frenzy by
William Randolph Hearst's sensational newspaper accounts of Spanish atrocities in Cuba
As soon as the U.S. declared war on Spain, Commodore George Dewey sailed to the Philippine Islands because
It was a Spanish holding and it would give us a hold in the east
Emilio Aguinaldo was
the leader of Filipino insurgents against Spanish rule, defeated Spain and taking Manila against American rule from 1899 to 1901
Pro-imperialist Americans argued that the Philippines should be seized because of
patriotism and economic opportunities
A major factor in the shift in American foreign policy toward imperialism in the lat 19th century was
the construction of an American-built isthmian canal between the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean. Wanting to sit at the big boys table
The numerous near-wars and diplomatic crises of the United States in the late 1880s and 1890s demonstrated
the aggressive new national mood
To justify American intervention in the Venezuela boundary dispute with Britain, Secretary of State Olney invoked the
One reason that the British submitted their border dispute with Venezuela to arbitration was
TO STRESS THEIR GROWING ANGER WITH GERMANY
Hawaii's Queen Liliuokalani was removed from power because
she insisted that native Hawaiians should control Hawaii
President William McKinley asked Congress to declare war on Spain mainly because the
the American people demanded it
What was the Teller Amendment?
amendment to the declaration of war with Spain that stated the US would grant Cubans their independence after the war
Why did the anti-imperialists in the 1890s oppose the U.S. acquisition of an empire?
the vast majority of Americans opposed such empire-building.
In 1899, an insurrection began in the Philippines because
the US refused to give the Filipino people their freedom
Describe McKinley's policy of "benevolent assimilation" in the Philippines
reluctantly acceded to and little appreciated by the Filipinos
Teddy Roosevelt received the Republican vice-presidential nomination in 1900 mainly because
that nomination would remove him from the governorship of New York
The Republicans won the 1900 elections mainly because of
the prosperity achieved during McKinley's first term
Theodore Roosevelt defended his building of the Panama Canal by claiming that
he had received a "mandate from civilization."
What was the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine?
added a new provision to the Monroe Doctrine that was specifically designed to justify U.S. intervention in the affairs of Latin American countries
What was the "Gentlemen's Agreement" that Teddy Roosevelt worked out with the Japanese?
caused Japan to halt the flow of laborers to America in return for the repeal of a racist school decree by the San Francisco School Board.
The muckrakers signified much about the nature of the progressive reform movement because they
sought not to overthrow capitalism but to cleanse it.
The progressive movement was instrumental in getting both the Seventeenth and Eighteenth amendments added to the Constitution. The Seventeenth called for____, and the Eighteenth called for_____.
Direct election of senators; graduated income tax
As a part of his reform program, Teddy Roosevelt advocated for____.
control of corporations, consumer protection and conservation of natural resources
According to the text, Teddy Roosevelt's most enduring, tangible achievement may have been
his efforts supporting conservation
What was William Howard Taft's "dollar diplomacy"?
Taft's foreign policy - using American investments to boost American political interests abroad.
Teddy Roosevelt's New Nationalism
campaigned for stronger control of trusts, woman suffrage, and programs of social welfare.
Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom
favored small enterprise, entrepreneurship, and the free functioning of unregulated and unmonopolized markets. Shunned the social-welfare programs and supported the fragmentation of trusts.
The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 guaranteed a substantial measure of public control over the American banking system through the final authority given to the
Federal Reserve Board
The two key goals pursued by progressives were to curb the threats posed by___on the one hand and___on the other.