Was the democratic government which ruled over Germany form 1919 to 1933. Was Germany's first democracy and it failed miserably. It had leaders such as Stresseman and Hindenburg.
1913-1921. Democratic, 28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize
The New Deal
The programs and policies to promote economic recovery and social reform introduced during the 1930s by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd President of the United States, President during Great Depression and World War II
union of Austria and Germany
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
in World War I the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary and other nations allied with them in opposing the Allies
archduke of Austria and heir apparent to Francis Joseph I
the last czar of Russia who was forced to abdicate in 1917 by the Russian Revolution
agreement to stop fighting
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
Known as "Il Duce" Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy. (p. 786)
Advocates of government by dictatorship, prevalent in Germany and Italy during the 1930s
leader of the fascist National Socialist German Workers' Party (known as Nazis) in Germany called Der Fuhrer...the leader
"The Leader," Mussolini's nickname
hatred of jews
Beer Hall Putsch
was a failed coup d'état that occurred between the evening of Thursday, November 8 and the early afternoon of Friday, November 9, 1923 when the Nazi party's Adolf Hitler tried to overthrow the German government.
special police force in Nazi Germany founded as a personal bodyguard for Adolf Hitler in 1925
1935 laws defining the status of Jews and withdrawing citizenship from persons of non-German blood
Night of Broken Glass, Nov 9 1938 night when the Nazis killed or injured many jews & destroyed many jewish propertys
Paul Von Hindenburg
German field marshal who appointed Hitler as Chancellor in January 1933. In March he signed the Enabling Act of 1933 which gave special powers to Hitler's government.
the German mistress of Adolf Hitler (1910-1945)