CIW Web Certification C.W. Ruckel Middle School

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238 terms · All the questions and answers to chapter 1-7 CIW tests. I will hopefully have chapters 8 and 9 by Saturday afternoon. Thank you!

What specific information would you need to obtain from an ISP or cloud service provider whose hosting services you wanted to use?

Account information, IP addresses, DNS server names, and file and directory location instructions

Which of the following can be considered a site management task after a Web site becomes active?

Updated dead lines and remove unused pages

Providing a link from your Web site to another site without permission is considered:

Unethical

What does Extensible Hypertext Markup Lanugage (XHTML) use to format a page's appearance in a Web browser?

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

Which of the following can you use to create markup language code (e.g. HTML)?

A text editor

Why should you test Web pages using multiple Web browsers during site development?

To ensure that the pages render properly in all browsers

Which of the following is no longer necessary when you use HTML5 to develop Web pages?

Installing a third-party plug-in to include video

What is the difference between an ISP and a cloud service provider?

An ISP provides bandwidth and possibly Web server space, whereas a cloud service provider provides more complex services such as software-as-a-service (SaaS), backup services and database connectivity.

Generally, successful Web sites:

have a strong, central theme aimed at a distinct audience.

What is the term for a series of commands used to format, organize, and describe information on a Web page?

Markup language

Which of the following can you use to create HTML pages without writing any code manually?

A graphical user interface (GUI) editor

A storyboard is a document that describes the:

purpose and intended audience for a Web site, and provides a rough outline of the pages needed.

Which of the following is traditionally the standard markup language on the Web?

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

Which of the following is an Americans with Disabilities Act 9ADA) compliance factor?

You must provide text-based alternatives to all non-text content (e.g., Java applets)

The main goal of Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) is to:

create a medium that would provide for the transition from THML to XML.

Which of the following are metalanguages?

Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) and Extensible Markup Language

What does Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) use to format a page's appearance in the Web browser?

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

What is the term for rules in an external text file that determine how to display HTML elements in your Web pages?

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)

The HTML Web development "trifecta" consists of:

HTML5, CSS and JavaScript

Which of the following is typically an advantage to configuring your own hosing server over an ISP or a cloud service provider?

You have more choices in the configuration.

Which of the following requires that all electronic and information technology developed, procured, maintained or used specifically by federal agencies be comparably accessible to users with disabilities?

Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act

What can be considered a drawback of obtaining feedback about your Web site by conducing customer surveys via e-mail?

Your organization runs the risk of receiving a bad reputation as a spammer.

Which hosting solution is characterized by a service provider that allocates space for your equipment but does not provide the service hardware?

Co-location

What is the term for a Web user who publishes comments or submits feedback simply to annoy or anger?

Troll

Which of the following is a command-line text-only Web browser?

Lynx

If your Web development team includes a marketing representative, which of the following would probably be of most concern to that person?

How well the Web site adheres to branding standards

Why should you use a Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA) when you outsource Web development work to workers in remote locations?

To protect your organization's trade secrets or intellectual property from being revealed without your consent

Which service provides the ability to automate the planning and operations of an entire organization?

Enterprise resource planning (ERP)

Before making any changes to an active Web site, you should:

obtain a consensus of opinion about changes from customers, upper management, sales, and marketing, then obtain appropriate stakeholder approval.

Which HTML 4.01 flavor must you use to place Web pages inside each other to create separate panes in the browser window?

HTML 4.01 Frameset

Which of the following is the most appropriate reason to create multiple Web sites in various languages?

To accommodate an international audience

Which of the following describe the data from which Web pages are created, but do not format Web pages?

Extensible Markup Language (XML) and Standardized Generalized Markup Language (SGML)

When conducting a Web development project meeting, why might it be useful to have a third party deliver a summary of progress?

A third party may help ensure clarity in meetings that include technical and non-technical participants.

Which of the following accommodates Web users with vision impairment?

Ensuring that all pages and page elements can be rendered by audio screen readers

What is the term for the legal ownership of expression by an author?

Copyright

What is a metalanguage?

A language that is used to create other languages.

Which of the following was enacted to protect the civil rights of people with disabilities, and includes mandates that electronic information be accessible to people with disabilities?

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

Which of the following is a Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) concern?

Disabled people need to be able to use development tools.

HTML tags:

are not case-sensitive but should always be typed in lowercase letters.

The opening <body> and closing </body> tags encompass:

all content to be displayed on the page through the user agent.

The smallest unit that a text-level element can affect is:

one character.

HTML markup tags consist of:

an element, an attribute and a value.

Where is the slash (/) character placed in a stand-alone non-empty HTML tag?

After the element name (before the closing wicket)

The <br /> tag defines:

a line break.

Which of the following statements about HTML5 is true?

The DTD file is no longer required in HTML5.

Why should you avoid placing paragraph breaks around heading styles in your HTML code?

Because heading styles are automatically preceded and followed by paragraph breaks.

How many heading styles are defined for HTML?

Six

Between which tags must all HTML code for a document reside?

The opening <html> and closing </html> tags

Which HTML tag should you use if you want to indent a block of text?

The <blockquote> tag

Tags that format text as bold or italic are known as:

text-level elements.

A character set is the group of symbols used to render text on a page. n which of the following should you specify the character set for an HTML document?

The <meta> tag

What will happen if you neglect to include a <!DOCTYPE> tag in your HTML document?

Your page will not validate with a markup validator.

Which HTML heading style renders text the same size as normal text?

Heading level 4

The default or starting page of a Web site is called the:

home page.

The opening <p> and closing </p> tags define:

a paragraph.

You can use the <pre> tag to:

display preformatted tabular data if you have no time to format it.

Consider the following line from an HTML document:
Site Development Associate <br />
This code shows an example of:

an empty tag

What happens when you place text between the <!-- and --> tags in your HTML source code?

The text will be "commented out" and will not appear on the Web page.

What automatically separates individual list items when you create an ordered list or numbered list?

Single line breaks

Consider the following line from an HTML document:
<title/>Site Development Associate
This code shows an example of:

a stand-alone non-empty tag.

A numbered list is considered to be:

an ordered list.

Why is it preferable to use <strong> in lieu of <b> to apply the bold text style?

Because <strong> can be used both to denote bold text when printed and strongly spoken text when output through and audio device.

Which of the following is an example of correct HTML tag nesting?

<h1><em>Site Development Associate</em></hl>

With which of the following should you specify the text that will appear when your Web page is bookmarked or added to a browser's Favorites folder?

The <title> tag

You are preparing to begin developing your Web page code. Which step will help you test your code in various environments?

Installing multiple browsers

Which of the following is required in an HTML tag?

An element

A block-level element is a markup element that affects at least:

An entire paragraph.

Which HTML tag type consists of a pair of opening and closing tags?

Container tags

Good coding practice requires you to use:

container tags.

For what should you use the <link> tag in the <head> section of your HTML document?

To reference a style sheet for the page

Text surrounded by the <b> and <strong> tags both result in bold text. How do the tags differ?

The <b> element applies the bold font style, whereas <strong> applies a heavier weight to the text relative to the surrounding text.

Which of the following specifies the markup language and version used by your HTML files?

The <!DOCTYPE> tag

When creating your Web pages, you should consider the site's structure because your files will be uploaded to a server eventually. How are Web sites typically structured?

HTML pages are placed in a directory, and all images and files used in that page are stored in subfolders with the same name.

Consider the following code:
<h1>CIW Site Development Associate Skills </h1>
<ul>
<li>Project Management</li>
<li>HTML Coding</li>
<li>GUI Authoring</li>
</ul>
Which of the following statements about this code is true?

This code will create a bulleted list.

Consider the following HTML code:
<h1>CIW Site Development Associate Skills</h1>
<ul>
<li>Project Management</li>
<li>HTML Coding</li>
<li>GUI Authoring</li>
</ul>
Which of the following statements about this code is true?

The line breaks between elements make the code easy, which is considered good coding practice.

A bulleted list is considered to be:

an unordered list.

Consider the following line from an HTML document:
<title>Site Development Associate</title>
This code shows an example of:

a container tag

When you prepare your development environment to create Web page code, why should you set file preferences to view file name extensions?

Because you will be working with various file types that may have the same or similar names

Which of the following is a required HTML tag?

An element

The opening <body> and closing </body> tags encompass:

all content to be displayed on the page through the user agent.

What happens when you place an image file in a subdirectory and neglect to reference the subdirectory in the <img> tag's src attribute?

The page will render without the image file, and a small box with an X will appear in its place

Which of the following would be the best method to use for floating images to the left and right of text in HTML5 if you are developing sites with multiple pages?

External CSS classes

You use the <hr /> tag to:

add a horizontal line to a Web page.

By default, horizontal rules display:

with a 3-D shading effect

CSS allows you to change the typeface of text. Which of the following statements about the font-family property is true?

If you list multiple fonts in the font-family property, the next font will attempt to render if the first font is not supported

CSS allows you to change the size of text. Which of the following statements about the font-size property is true?

Headings (h1 through h6) should be used whenever possible instead of the font-size property

In RGB code:

the higher the numeric value representing a color, the lighter that color will be.

In a CSS document, withing what must you enclose properties and values when you define a rule for a specified selector?

Curly braced {}

You can include non-keyboard characters in Web pages, such as the copyright symbol and the registered trademark symbol, by entering a special HTML code for each character, called the escape sequence. With what characters must you start and end the escape sequence?

You must start the escape sequence with an ampersand (&) and end with a semicolon (;).

Which technology enables you to place formatting instructions in an external text file to determine the look and feel for a Web page or site?

Cascading Style Sheets

Generally, which Web image format should you use if you want the highest image quality?

Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG)

Why should you avoid adding spaces or hard returns with an <img> tag?

Because XHTML will render the additional spaces or hard returns, which may affect the placement of the image on the page.

Which of the following can be considered a disadvantage of the Portable Network Graphics (PNG) format?

Older browsers do not render the PNG format.

What is the default value for aligning images relative to text using CSS

Bottom

What color does the mixture of red, green and blue light on a monitor screed produce?

White

What will occur if your HTML code asks for a color that the browser or operating system cannot support?

The computer will compensate by dithering

Consider the following code from a CSS document:
body {background-color: teal; font: white;}
This code is an:

A rule

In hexadecimal code, the number 16 is represented as:

10

Which of the following can be considered a benefit of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)?

One simple change to the style sheet will change all elements across the site.

Why should you maintain an image's relative measurements if you resize it?

To avoid distorting the image

The HTML code &lt; and &gt; are examples of:

non-keyboard characters

Which technique should you use to indent a paragraph or create additional spaces between words on an HTML page?

Insert non-breaking spaces

What is a CSS selector?

Any element to which designated styles are applied

Why should you use succinct wording on Web pages, especially the home page, when designing your site?

Because most users simply scan pages quickly looking for specific information or links to it

The browser-safe color palette is a standard of 216 colors that:

will render consistently in any browser or with any operating system

Which attribute of the anchor (<a>) element determines the color of unvisitied hyperlinks?

a:link

What color does the hexadecimal value #FFFFFF represent?

White

In a style sheet, what must you use to separate multiple declarations for one selector within a rule?

A semicolon ;

Which Web image format is best suited for line art, custom drawings and navigational images?

Graphics Interchange Format (GIF)

Which attribute should you use with the <img> tag to specify the text to display if a user has configured his or her browser not to display image?

The alt attribute

You use the <img> tag to:

display a graphical image on a Web page

Which attribute are required for the <img> tag in HTML?

The src and alt attributes

Lossy compression is a compression technology:

in which the more an image is compressed, the more its quality is reduced

HTML5 with CSS has introduced specific elements to structure Web pages. In which structure element should you include hypertext menus to access various pages of the Web site?

The <nav> structure element

What color does the hexadecimal value #000000 represent?

Black

Which of the following is considered to be the preferred method of designing Web pages?

Implementing a liquid design layout using CSS

Which property can you add to the body selector in an external CSS file to specify the color of the page background?

The background-color property

When you create an internal hyperlink with the anchor element, what symbol must you use in the href attribute to tell the browser to look for a target within the current document?

The hash (#)

An absolute URL:

contains a full path to a resource, including the protocol indicator

When you create an internal hyperlink with the anchor element, what occurs if you omit the hash (#) from the href attribute?

The browser will look for an external file by the name specified in the id attribute.

Which of the following examples uses the correct syntax for the anchor element?

<a href="http://www.habitat.org">Habitat</a>

Which of the following assumes the current document's path so that all references are made from the document's current directory?

Partial URL

What occurs when a reference page is moved or deleted, or if page content is changed and all anchors are renamed or lost?

All hyperlinks that link to that page become invalid.

Consider the following anchor element:
<a href="http://www.habitat.org">Habitat</a>
In this example, to what does "Habitat" refer?

The page text that will be affected by the anchor element.

You should create external hyperlinks only after:

obtaining permission from the owner of the site to which you want to link

What is the default appearance of hyperlinks in the browser?

Blue and underlined

Which of the following should you use on your Web pages when you want to reference pages on other Web sites?

External hyperlinks

When you create an internal hyperlink, you create the link that points to the bookmark using the anchor tag with which attribute?

The href attribute

When developing your own Web pages, when should you use an internal hyperlink?

To reference another area within the same Web page

When you create a hyperlink with the anchor element, which of the following should you use to specify the target of the link?

The href attribute

You can use automatic link-checking software to identify invalid hyperlinks. If you find invalid links, what should you do next?

Manually update the code to delete or modify invalid links

Consider the following anchor element:
<a href="http://www.habitat.org">Habitat</a>
In this example, to what does "http://www.habitat.org" refer?

The target of the hyperlink

When you create an internal hyperlink with the anchor element, which attribute should you use to define the area of the Web page to which the hyperlink will link?

The id attribute

Which of the following do you use to create a hyperlink in an HTML document?

The <a> element

Which term describes a hyperlink you create from a file on your system to a separate file on the Internet?

External hyperlink

Which of the following should you develop your own Web pages and want to link them to form a site?

Local hyperlinks

What is the term for a hyperlink you create to link one point to another in the same Web page?

Internal hyperlink

When you upload your Web site to a Web server, the file references can remain unchanged as long as:

your directory structure persists

An internal hyperlink is a link you can use to jump to another:

section on the same Web page

What occurs when you surround an image tag with opening and closing anchor tags?

The graphic image defined by the image tag will become a hyperlink

By default, what occurs when a user clicks a hyperlink in a browser?

The link's specified destination will appear.

Consider the following HTML code:
<a href="http://www.habitat.org/support/default.aspx#DonateOnline">habitat.jpg</a>
What does the internal hyperlink in this example do?

It links to an internal anchor in an external file.

In order to create an external hyperlink, you must determine:

the absolute URL, including the protocol indicator, for the Web page to which you want to link.

Which term describes a hyperlink that links one file on your hard drive to another file on your hard drive?

Local hyperlink

Which of the following defines the content of table cells?

The <td> tag

Which of the following defines a single table row?

The <tr> tag

What table element attribute do you need to specify to add a border to a table?

<table border="1">

With which CSS table property can you specify values of top, bottom, and middle?

The vertical-align property

The CSS vertical-align property is used for table elements:

aligns content vertically in all table elements.

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