Chapter 8

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Which of the following bones is not part of the appendicular skeleton

sacrum

Which of the following is not a component of the appendicular skeleton?

sternum

The three sides of this bone form a broad triangle

scapula

The scapula is roughly triangular in shape. Which of the following are correct terms for the
borders?

superior, medial, and lateral borders

The only direct connection between the pectoral girdle and the axial skeleton is where the

clavicle articulates with the manubrium of the sternum

The clavicle articulates with the

acromial process and the manubrium

The clavicle articulates with the scapula

distally with the acromion.

Which of these constitutes the pectoral girdle?

clavicles and scapulae

Which of the following is located closest to the jugular notch?

medial end of clavicle

Which of these adapts the pectoral girdle to a wide range of movement?

relatively weak joints

Which of these is most commonly fractured in a fall?

clavicle

Which of these features is located near the proximal end of the humerus?

greater tubercle

The depression on the posterior surface at the distal end of the humerus is the

olecranon fossa.

The head of the humerus articulates with the

glenoid cavity.

The glenohumeral joint, or shoulder joint, is an articulation between which two bones?

scapula and humerus

In the anatomical position, the ulna is located ________ to the radius.

medial

The condyle of the humerus consists of the

capitulum and trochlea.

Which of these surface features occur on the ulna?

A) radial notch
B) styloid process
C) olecranon
D) trochlear notch
E) All of the answers are correct.

There are ________ carpal bones located in the wrist, which form ________ rows of bones in the
wrist.

8; 2

The bones that form the fingers are the

phalanges.

Each hand has ________ phalangeal bones

14

The rough surface feature present along the lateral border of the shaft of the humerus is the

deltoid tuberosity

The bones that give the hand a wide range of motion are the

carpals.

The head of the radius articulates with the

capitulum.

The carpus contains ________ bones.

8

The hand has ________ wrist and ________ palm bones.

8; 5

Which of the following is not an upper limb bone?

metatarsals

The ________ of the radius helps stabilize the wrist joint.

styloid process

The bones that form the palm are the

metacarpals.

Tina falls and fractures her pisiform bone. What part of her body was injured?

wrist

Which of the following is not a part of the pelvis?

lumbar vertebrae

What bone articulates with the coxal bone at the acetabulum?

femur

When seated, the weight of the body is borne by the

ischial tuberosities

The pubic and ischial rami encircle the

obturator foramen.

The largest component of the coxal bone is the

ilium.

A male has a ________ pelvic outlet when compared to the woman's pelvic outlet

smaller

Each coxal bone consists of the following three fused bones:

ilium, ischium, and pubis

The superior border of the ilium that acts as a point of attachment for both ligaments and muscles is
the

iliac crest.

The sacrum articulates with the

ilium.

The ilium, ischium, and pubis fuse into a single bone called the

coxal bone.

The coxal bone and sacrum combine to form the

pelvic

Which surface feature(s) along the ilium mark(s) attachment sites for large hip muscles?

gluteal lines

The greater sciatic notch is a feature on the

ilium.

The pelvic organs are mostly found within the

iliac fossa.

The longest and heaviest bone in the body is the

femur

Which of the following is the heel bone?

calcaneus

The distal end of the tibia articulates with the

talus.

The longest bone is the

femur

The foot has ________ ankle bones and ________ bones in the sole

7; 5

The part of the tibia that is easily felt through the skin is and is known as the shin is the

anterior margin

The patella slides in a groove on the femur called the

patellar surface

The linea aspera is located on the

femur

The lateral malleolus is found on the

fibula.

The Achilles tendon attaches to which anatomical structure?

calcaneus

The medial border of the fibula is bound to the ________ by the interosseous membrane

tibia

Another name for the first toe is

hallux.

The tarsus contains ________ bones.

7

The weight of the body is supported by the

distal metacarpals and the calcaneus.

Which of the following is not a lower limb bone?

ulna

The hand has 15 phalangeal bones; the foot has 14 phalangeal bones.

The first statement is false but the second statement is true

Tom stumbles and injures his hallux. What part of his anatomy is injured?

his foot

The talus contacts the

tibia, calcaneus, and navicular bones

Compared to the hand, the foot

contains arches that help distribute body weight

When standing normally, most of your weight is transmitted to the ground by the

distal ends of the metatarsals and calcaneus.

The condition known as "flat feet" is due to a lower-than-normal longitudinal arch in the foot. A
problem with which of the following would most likely contribute to this condition?

weakness in the ligaments that attach the calcaneus to the distal ends of the metatarsals

Compared to the male pelvis, the female pelvis

has a greater angle inferior to the pubic symphysis.

Which of the following is not a characteristic of the male pelvis?

angle of pubic arch greater than 100 degrees

The clearest distinction between a male and female skeleton is seen in the characteristics of the

pelvis

Which of the following is a not characteristic of the female pelvis?

coccyx points anteriorly

Study of human skeletons can reveal information concerning the person's

A) health.
B) size and handedness.
C) sex.
D) age and nutritional status.
E) All of the answers are correct

Which of the following is not an age-related change in the skeleton?

bone remodeling

On a field trip you discover a skeleton with the following characteristics: the acetabulum is directed
laterally, the ischial spine points medially, and the angle inferior to the pubic symphysis is less than
90 degrees. The long bones of the arms and legs are relatively light and show epiphyseal plates.
This skeleton is probably from

a young male

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