Synovial Joints and Kinesiology

36 terms by sejalmistry1

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Synovial Joint

contains 4 parts:
articular cartilages
synovial capsule
synovial membrane
synovial fluid

Kinesiology

the study of the mechanics of movement

Flexion

decreasing angle in the sagittal plane

extension

increasing angle in the sagittal plane

hyperextension

extension beyond anatomical position in the sagittal plane

adduction

towards the midline in the frontal plane

abduction

away from the midline in the frontal plane

rotation

around an axis

circumduction

a combination of all movements (flexion, extension, adduction, abduction)

pronation

turning palms posteriorly (down)

supination

turning palms to anatomical position (up)

depression

structure moves inferiorly

opposition

movement of thumbs towards surface of palms

inversion

twisting of foot that turns sole inwards

eversion

twisting of foot that turns sole outwards

retraction

moving body part posteriorly

protraction

moving body part anteriorly

dorsiflexion

flexion at the ankle joint and dig in your heel

plantar flexion

extending ankle and elevating the heel

gliding

type of movement that is flat sliding surfaces

gliding

this type of movement at intervertebral discs

gliding

this type of movement at sternoclavicular

gliding

this type of movement at sacroilliac

gliding

this type of movement at acromioclavicular

hinge

type of movement that is flexion and extension

hinge

this type of movement at elbow

hinge

this type of movement at knee

hinge

this type of movement at fingers

Pivot

type of movement that is rotation

pivot

this type of movement at atlantoaxial joint

pivot

this type of movement at radioulnar joint

ellipsodial

this type of movement at metacarpal phalangeal joint

saddle

only type of movement at the first carpometacarpal joint

ball and socket

allows for all types of movments

ball and socket

this type of movement at glenohumeral joint

ball and socket

this type of movement at hip joint

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