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Chapters 1-10 from Medical Terminology: A word building approach by Rice

milliliter is:

one-thousandth of a liter

The root maxim means:

greatest

The branch of medicine concerned with the aging process is:

geriatrics

A ________ is an instrument used to view small objects.

microscope

The term febrile means:

pertaining to fever

The prefix in heterogeneous means:

different

The suffixes -al, -ary, -ic, and -ous all mean:

pertaining to

The suffix for bladder is?

-cyst

The suffix -algesia means:

condition of pain

The suffix -or means:

one who

When a suffix is added to a word, it:

changes the meaning of the word

If the combining form neur/o means nerve, then neurocyte is a nerve:

cell

The definition of -lysis is:

all of the above

The prefix oligo- means

scanty

Internally, computers use binary code to operate. Binary means:

two elements

The prefix ana- means:

up, apart, backward

The objective evidence of an illness is termed

sign

The prefix in unconscious means:

not

In the term premenstrual, the prefix pre- means:

before

The prefix mega- means ________ or great.

Large

n the following list, the root that means behind is:

poster

In the term topical, the suffix -al means:

pertaining to

The combining form for head is:

cephal/o

In the term ambilateral, the prefix ambi- means:

both

A state of equilibrium maintained by the body is termed:

homeostasis

The term used to describe being the farthest from the center is:

distal

In the anatomical position, the palms are:

to the front

Which term means toward the back?

posterior

The functions of ________ are protection, absorption, secretion, and excretion.

epithelial tissue

Which plane vertically divides the body into a right and left half?

midsagittal

The ________ plane vertically divides the body, as it passes through the midline, to form a right and left half.

midsagittal

In the term anatomy, the suffix -tomy means:

incision

A/An ________ is a grouping of similar cells that together perform specialized functions.

tissue

The suffix in the term inguinal means:

pertaining to

In the term cephalic, the root cephal means:

head

The ________ plane divides the body into superior and inferior portions.

transverse

A ________ is a hollow space containing body organs.

cavity

Which term means pertaining to body organs enclosed within a cavity, especially the abdominal organs?

visceral

Which term means pertaining to one side?

unilateral

In the term systemic, the root system means:

a composite whole

In the term jaundice, the root jaund means:

yellow

In the term anhidrosis, the root hidr means:

sweat

Overgrowth of scar tissue due to excessive collagen formation is called a/an:

keloid

The medical term for a bedsore is:

decubitus

Excessive flow of oil from the sebaceous glands is called:

seborrhea

White spots or patches formed on the mucous membrane of the tongue or cheek are called:

leukoplakia

Another term for a bruise is:

ecchymosis

The medical term subungual means pertaining to:

below the nail

The combining form in the term telangiectasia means:

vessel

The pigment that gives color to the skin is:

melanin

A fungal condition of the hair is known as:

trichomycosis

The medical term tinea is also known as:

ringworm

An abrasion of the skin by scratching, trauma, or chemicals is termed:

excoriation

The sweat glands secrete sweat for cooling by:

evaporation

A general term used to describe redness of the skin is:

erythema

A common skin condition characterized by frequent episodes or redness, itching and thick dry scales is:

psoriasis

A cancerous tumor that has black pigmentation is a:

melanocarcinoma

Leukoplakia is:

white spots formed on the tongue or cheek

A/An ________ is commonly called a blackhead.

Comedo

Bending a limb is called?

flexion

All of the following are functions of the skeletal system except:

acid-base balance

A condition that is characterized by the progressive loss of bone density and thinning of bone tissue is called:

osteoporosis

A lateral curvature of the spine is known as:

scoliosis

A ________ fracture usually occurs in children.

greenstick

The medical term for the heel bone is:

calcaneus

The medical term for the big toe is:

hallux

A rounded process that enters into the formation of a joint is:

condyle

A disease that involves inflammation of the joints is called:

arthritis

The process of moving a body part away from the middle is:

abduction

The term ankylosis means:

condition of stiffening of a joint

Which bone is not located in the upper extremity?

femur

The prefix dis- means:

apart

Swayback is another word for:

lordosis

Inflammation of the bone and joint is:

osteoarthritis

The membrane that forms the covering of bones except at their articular surfaces is called:

periosteum

In the term arthroscope, the suffix -scope means:

instrument

The combining form in calcaneal means:

heel bone

Synarthrosis is a type of joint that:

does not permit movement

The center for longitudinal bone growth in children is:

epiphyseal plate

All of the following are functions of the muscular system except:

hemopoiesis

A condition with widespread muscular pain and debilitating fatigue is known as:

fibromyalgia

A muscle having three heads with a single insertion is called:

triceps

To knead, apply pressure and friction to external body tissues is known as:

massage

In the term hydrotherapy, the suffix -therapy means:

treatment

Inflammation of muscle tissue is termed:

myositis

In the term intramuscular, the prefix intra- means:

within

A band of fibrous connective tissue attaching muscles to bones is a:

tendon

The medical term for pain in the arm is:

brachialgia

The surgical removal of a limb, part, or other appendage is:

amputation

Skeletal muscle is also known as ________ muscles.

Smooth and voluntary

The term ataxia means:

lack of muscular coordination

In the term diathermy, the root therm means:

hot, heat

In the term tenodynia, the suffix -dynia means:

pain

A term used to describe the muscles immediately surrounding the shoulder joint is

rotator cuff

A chronic disease characterized by muscular weakness is known as:

myasthenia gravis

The term dactylospasm is defined as:

cramp of a finger or toe

The suffix in myoplasty means:

surgical repair

The medical term for a lack of muscle tone is:

flaccid

Myokinesis is defined as:

muscular motion

Dermat/o

skin

Trich/o

hair

Onch/o

nail

Hidr/o

sweat

Benign

harmless

Alopecia

loss of hair

Metastasis

a process of spreading cancer

Rhytidectomy

removal of facial wrinkles

Keltoid

overgrowth of scar tissue

Rules of 9

method of estimating the extent of burns

Melanoma

malignant black mole or tumor

Onychmycosis

condition of nail caused by fungus

Puritus

sever itching

Sebum

fatty secretion of the sebaceous gland

Seborrhea

excessive oil flow of the sebaceous gland

Trichomycosis

a fungal condition of the hair

Xeroderma

dry skin

Urticarial

hives

Verruca

wart

Nevus

mole

Cicatrix

scar

Ecchymosis

bruise

Cata-

down

Ambi-

both

Brady

slow

Ase

enzyme

-stasis

control

-lysis

breakdown

-pexy

surgical fixation

-cele

hernia

-emesis

vomiting

Bariatrics

prevention, control, and treatment of obesity

Nephrology

study of diseases of the kidney and urinary system

Othorhinolaryngology

study of diseases of the ear, nose, and throat

-megaly

enlargement

-plasis

formation

-opsy

to view

-tome

instrument to cut

-plasty

surgical repair

-pnea

breathing

-trophy

nourishment

-olig/o

scanty

-centesis

surgical puncture

-graphy

recording

ante-

before, forward

anti-

against

ecto-

out, outside, outer

endo-

within, inner

hyper-

above, excessive, beyond

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