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Melvin Rader

The accused professor, joined several organizations supported by Communists. At one point he served as president of the U.o.Washington Teacher's Union.

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

Set up camp with the consent of the college administration, spying on students and faculty, screening the credentials of job or scholarship applicant, and seeking to entice students to report on their friends or roomates.

Why did the Univ. of Washington admin. turn down the recommendation of the Physics Department to hire J. Robert Oppenheimer?

Because he had become a vocal opponent of the arms race and the proliferation of nuclear weapons

The Sercivemen's Readjustment Act (G.I Bill of Rights)

offered stipends covering tuition and living expenses to veterans attending vocational schools or college

By how much did the student population at the Univ. of Washington grow to?

50% over its prewar peak of 10,000

J. Edgar Hoover

testified that the college campuses were centers of "red propaganda," full of teachers "tearing down respect for agencies of gov., belittling tradition and moral custom and...creating doubts in the validity of the American way of life"

V-J Day

erupted into a two-day national holiday of wild celebrations, complete with ticker-tape parades, spontaneous dancing, and kisses for returned G.I.s. Americans, living in the richest and most powerful nation in the world, finally seemed to have gained the peace they had fought and sacrificed to win

Leadbelly (Huddie Ledbetter)

The legendary African American folk singer added a fresh lyric to an old spiritual melody: "We're in the same boat, brother....And if you shake one end you're going to rock the other."

Henry Luce

publisher of Time, Life, and Fortune magazines, had forecast the dawn of "the American Century."

65%

capital assets of manufacturing increased __ over prewar levels and were equal in value to approx. half the entire world's goods and services

Will Clayton

Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs; "We need markets -- big markets -- in which to buy and sell"

Where did the representatives from forty-four Allied nations meet?

Bretton Woods, New Hampshire

International Monetary Fund (IMF) and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (Work Bank)

to help rebuild war-ton Europe and to assist development in other nations. By stabilizing exchange rates to permit the expansion of international trade, the IMF would deter currency conflicts and trade wars

Soviet Union

refused to ratify the agreements that, in essence, allowed the U.S to rebuild the world economy along capitalist lines

Atlantic Charter of 1941

committed the Allies to recognize the right of all nations to self-determination and to renounce all claims to new territories as the spoils of war

What did USSR now control?

Much of eastern Europe, including a large portion of Poland and the little Baltic nations

latter

demanded heavy reparations along with a limit on postwar reindustrialization

What did Truman share?

Winston Churchill's hope of rebuilding Germany into a powerful counterforce against the Soviet Union and a strong market for U.S and British goods

Who did Germany invade?

Russia

Dumbarton Oaks Conference

The Allies worked to shape the United Nations as a world organization that would arbitrate disputes among members as well as impede aggressors, by military force if necessary

U.S, Great Britain, Soviet Union, France, and Nationalist China

served permanently on the Security Council, which had the "primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peach and security"

John Calhoun

wrote the South Carolina Exposition &Protest / the daddy of nullification. VP in Jackson's 1st term

Daniel Webster

defended the gov in McCulloch v. Maryland / BIG debate w/ Robert Y. Hayne in Congress / prominent Whig

William Lloyd Garrison

The Liberator; in your face abolitionist, very religious

Martin Luther

priesthood of the individual / 95 Theses / Protestant Reformation

Noah Webster

English language dictionary

Henry Clay

Kentuckian, corrupt bargain, American System

James G. Birney

Rain in 1844 as abolitionist, Liberty Party

John Quincy Adams

won Prez. because of the corrupt bargain / Monroe Doctrine his idea, cold and superior attidue (justified), ineffective as Prez

Davy Crockett

killed at the Alamo, an unbelievable good shot

Santa Anna

Mexican President/General fighting Americans, had funeral 4 own leg

Sam Houston

military leader of Texan rebels

Peggy Eaton

socially "attacked" by Calhoun's wife.. creates tension between Calhoun and Jackson

Black Hawk

his people pursued and slaughtered in Wisconsin

Alexis de Tocqueville

wrote Democracy in America, visiting from France: impressed w/ USA

Samuel Slater

industrial spy, brought spinning factory designs to US from England

General Winfield Scott

oversees Cherokee removal

Charles Grandison Finney

2nd Great Awakening / Universal Salvation, not predestination

Lyman Beecher

2nd Great Awakening / Oberlin College

John Marshall

The Great Justice: Federal vs. State Pwer, Sanctity of Contracts, Judicial Review, tried to protect sovereignty of Native Americans

Nat Turner

slave rebellion, result: many deaths, black &white

Nicholas Biddle

head of the Bank of the U.S, plotted with Clay to get reneal of charter in 1832-plan backfired, vetoed, Jackson won again

Andrew Jackson

expands democracy to include non-property owners; a "people's president" / Pet Banks destroyed Bank of YS / created Spoils System / Specie Circular, caused Panic of 1837 / Trail of Tears

Roger Taney

Pet Banks scheme w/ Jackson / Chief Justic (Dred Scott)

William Henry Harrison

Log Cabin Campaign /Tippecanoe/ Whig party

Martin Van Buren

Little Magician; Jackson's sec. of st. then VP, inherited Panci of 1837

John Tyler

"accidency"; 1st VP to become Pres. due to death: precedent: VP is P

Winston Churchill

In March 1946, in a speech delivered in Fulton, Missouri, ___________________ declared that " an iron curtain has descended across the European continent." He called directly upon the United States, standing "at this time at the pinnacle of world power," to recognize it's "awe-inspiring accountability to the future" and, in alliance with Great Britain, act aggressively to turn back Soviet expansion.

"us"- versus - "them"

As a doctrine uniting military, economic, and diplomatic strategies, the "containment" of communism also fostered an ideological opposition, an ___________________ theme that divided the world into "freedom and "slavery," "democracy" and "autocracy," and "tolerance" and "coercive force."

Truman Doctrine

Doctrine pronounced in President Harry Truman's statement in 1947 that the United States should assist other nations that were facing external pressure or internal revolution.

"long telegram"

Foreign policy adviser George F. Kennan had sent an 8,000-word _______ ___________ to the State Department insisting that the Soviet fanaticism had cooperation impossible.

Marshall Plan

Secretary of State George C. Marshall's European Recovery Plan of June 5, 1947, committing the united States to help in the rebuilding of post-WWII Europe.

General Agreement of Tariffs and Trade (GATT)

Reduced commercial barriers among member nations and opened all to U.S. trade and investment.

"two halves of the same walnut"

President Truman readily acknowledged that the Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine were __________________________.

Berlin blockade

Three-hundred-day Soviet blockade of land access to United States, British, and French occupation zones in Berlin.

Operation Vittles

With help from the Royal Air force, the United States began an around-the-clock airlift of historic proportions that delivered nearly 2 million tons of supplies to West Berliners.

Berlin Crisis

The ________ __________ made a U.S.-led military alliance against the USSR attractive to western European nations.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

In April 1949 ten European nations, Canada, and United States formed the _____________, a mutual defense pact in which "an armed attack against one or more of them... shall be considered an attack against them all." Complemented the Marshall Plan, strengthening economic ties among the member nations by keeping "the Russians out, the Americans in, and the Germans down." It also deepened divisions between eastern and western Europe, making a permanent military mobilization on both sides almost inevitable.

Robert A. Taft

Warned that the United States could not afford to police all Europe without sidetracking domestic policies and undercutting the UN.

Bikini Islands

The United States began to build atomic stockpiles and to conduct tests on the __________ __________ in the Pacific.

Harold C. Urey

Nobel Prize-winning scientist that said" There is only one thing worse than one nation having the atomic bomb, that's two nations having it."

"Give' em Hell" Harry

Pressed to establish his own political identity, ______________ __________ successfully portrayed himself as a fierce fighter against all challengers, yet loyal to Roosevelt's legacy.

"To err is Truman"

The responsibilities of reestablishing peacetime conditions seemed to overwhelm the new president's administration. Critics jeered ________________.

Council of Economic Advisors

The Employment Act of 1946 created a new executive body, the _____________ of ______________ ____________, which would confer with the president and formulate policies for maintaining employment, production, and purchasing power. But the measure did not include funding mechanisms to guarantee full employment, thus falling far short of the bill's intent.

Taft-Hartley Act

The Labor-Management Relations Act of 1947, better known as the ________ __________ ______, brought to an end the closed shop, the secondary boycott, and the use of union dues for political activities. It also mandated an eighty-day cooling-off period in the case of strikes affecting national safety or health. Furthermore, it required all union officials to swear under oath that they were not Communists- a cold war mandate that abridged freedoms ordinarily guaranteed by the First Amendment.

Henry Wallace

Truman fired the Secretary of Commerce, __________ ____________, for advocating a more conciliatory policy toward the Soviet Union.

Hubert Humphrey

At the Democrat Party convention, they endorsed a civil rights platform, proposed by liberal Minneapolis mayor __________ __________, that called on Congress to "wipe out discrimination."

Dixiecrat

Souther Democrats endorsed the States' rights ("_________") ticket, headed y Governor J. Strom Thurmond of south Carolina' known for his racist views.

Thomas E. Dewey

Popular new York governor that headed the Republican ticket.

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