British dominion over India (1757-1947)
governor of a country or province who rules as the representative of his or her king or sovereign
An Indian soldier serving under British command.
The revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 against certain practices that violated religious customs; also known as the Sepoy Mutiny. (p. 661)
Ram Mohun Roy
"Father of Modern India" modern thinking, tried to move india towards independance and away from traditional ideas
British East India Trading Company
This company was formed by the English as a successful business, trading Indian cloth and other products in Europe
A clerk at the British East India Trading Comopany who fought off the French at the Battle of Plassey. He firmly established British East Indian Trading Co. in India. First Governor of Bengal.
Battle of Plassey
the victory in 1757 by the British under Clive over Siraj-ud-daula that established British supremacy over Bengal
Governor of India who defeats king of Bruma. Annexes Asam.
Reformed civil service, prohibits employees from trading on their own, raises salaries of trading company officials, denies Indians higher paying jobs.
Made English the official languae. Annexes Punjab and Burma. Starts post office, telegraph, builds roads and railroads on a national scale. Elementary school taught in Native tongue. Built a canal in the Ganges. Under his rule conquest was completed.
When a widow throw themsleves on their husbands burning body.
Practice of strangling people in order to get their blood for religious purposes.
B. G. Tilak
He wanted to use violent methods to drive the British out of India.
Indian National Congress
A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government. Its membership was middle class, and its demands were modest until World War I. Led after 1920 by Mohandas K. Gandhi, appealing to the poor. (p. 663)
organization formed by muslims in 1906 to protect their interests against British Rule.
Montague Chelmsford Refroms
A person could be held without bail for 2 years. A person was not entilted to a jury trial. No public meetings.
allowed the government to forgo juries in political trials in India. Indians protested in 1919 in Amritsar in Punjab against these.
To protest the Rowlatt Act, Indians gathered in Amritsar, where British troops fired on the crowd killing several hundred. This sparked further protests
General Reginald Dryer
The British General who led the Amritsar Massacre
The Queen of England who was also known as the Empress of India.
Government of India Act
passed by british parliament in 1935, provided local self-gov't and limited democratic elections
passive resistance campaign of Mohandas Gandhi where many Indians protested the British tax on salt by marching to the sea to make their own salt.
Mohandas K. Gandhi
A leader of an independence movement for the Indians against the British. He had millions of followers. His teachings blended ideas from all of the major world religions, such as Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity.
Civil disobediance that Gahndi followed.
Quit India Campaign
Refusing to support the colonial British government's involvement in World War II by the National Congress Party.
domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; Ex. homespun philosophy
british viceroy of india who was in charge of India hand over
Indian statesman. He succeeded Mohandas K. Gandhi as leader of the Indian National Congress. He negotiated the end of British colonial rule in India and became India's first prime minister (1947-1964).
Daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first prime minister. She was also prime minister of India from 1966 to 1977.
Son if Indira Gandhi. assassinated by Tamil terriorists in 1991 while campaigning for reelection
N. V. Godes
former Pakistan Prime Minister who returned from exile in 2007 to again run for office. She was assassinated on the campaign trail in December 2007.
term used to describe the transformation of agriculture in many developing nations that led to significant increases in agricultural production between the 1940s and 1960s
a foreign policy posture that rejects participating in military alliances with rival blocs for fear that formal alignment will entangle the state in an unnecessary involvement in war
a Muslim republic in southern Asia bordered by India to the north and west and east and the Bay of Bengal to the south
a republic on the island of Ceylon