grandson of Chandragupta; most honored emperor for his commitment to spreading peace and prosperity to all; was buddhist but accepted other religions; decline came after his death
A Hindu social class system that controlled every aspect of daily life
the group of people whose job is to carry out the work of the government
Golden Age of India; ruled through central government but allowed village power; restored Hinduism
imperial dynasty that ruled China (most of the time) from 206 BC to 221 and expanded its boundaries and developed its bureaucracy
earliest versions of greeks, brought Gods, Zeus, warriors
one of India's greatest writers. Might have been court poet for Chandra Gupta II. Famous play - Shakuntala - girl who falls in love w/ and marries a King.
Taoism is based on the teachings of lao-tzu.
the female head of a family or tribe
In ancient India, a state centred at Pataliputra (later Patna) near the junction of the Son and Ganges (Ganga) rivers
characteristic of a patriarchy
the Chinese dynasty (from 246 BC to 206 BC) that established the first centralized imperial government and built much of the Great Wall
an ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean (4,000 miles)
the earliest recorded Greek dialect, written in the Linear B syllabary and dating from the 15th through the 13th centuries b.c.
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
A war (around 1200 B.C.), in which an army lead by Mycenaean kings attacked the city of Troy in Anatolia.
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
A fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
in ancient Greece, a ruler who had seized power without legal right to it
Slaves to the Spartans that revolted and nearly destroyed Sparta in 650 B.C.E.
a compact or close-knit body of people, animals, or things
A serious form of drama dealing with the downfall of a heroic or noble character
a play about the humorous interaction of people, events, and ideas.
long heroic poem, novel, or similar work of art (celebrating the feats of a hero); ADJ: (of stories or events) resembling an epic; grand
Greek thinkers who believed the human mind could understand everything.
an ancient kingdom north of Greece
relating to or characteristic of the classical Greek civiliHzation
City in Egypt founded by Alexander the Great, center of commerce and Hellenistic civilization
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
A group of people who made up the ruling class of Rome
one of the common people in roman republic, a person who had no say in government.
chief executives elected to run the government in ancient Rome
In ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up only of aristocrats.
A ruler who has complete power over a country
a large military unit
In ancient Rome, a group of three leaders sharing control of the government.
an increase in the overall level of prices in the economy
soldiers who sold their services to the highest bidder
The capital of the eastern Roman Empire and later of the Byzantine Empire
A system of bridges and canals that carries water from place to place.