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vocab terms for chapters 8 through 10 of street law

Preliminary Crimes

certain types of behavior that takes place before, and often in preparation for the commission of a crime.

Principal

the person who commits the crime

Act

Something someone does (the act of committing a crime)

Misdemeanor

any crime for which that potential penalty is imprisonment for one year or less.

1st Degree Premeditated

killing that is thought about before hand, deliberate, and done with malice.

2nd Degree Murder

killing that is done with malice, but without premeditation or deliberation.

Embezzlement

the taking of money or property by a person to whom it has been entrusted; for example, a bank teller or a company accountant.

Burglary

breaking and entering a building with the intention of committing a crime.

Vandalism

the deliberate destruction or defacement of another person's property; also know as malicious mischief.

Element

a condition that makes an act unlawful.

Solicitation

the act of requesting or strongly urging someone to do something. If the request is to do something illegal, solicitation is considered a crime.

Felony murder

the killing of someone during the commission or certain felonies, regardless of intent to kill (which is usually required for a murder charge).

Forgery

the act of making a fake document or altering a real one with the intent to commit fraud.

Accessory before the fact

one who encourages, orders, or helps plan a crime.

Accessory after the fact

one who, knowing a crime has been committed, helps conceal the crime or the criminal.

Accomplice

a person who voluntarily helps another person commit a crime; unlike an accessory, an accomplice is usually present or directly aids in the crime.

Commission

committing a crime

Motive

the reason a person commits a crime

Assault

an intentional threat, show of force, or movement that causes a reasonable fear of, or an actual physical contact with, another person. Can be a crime or tort.

Stalking

the act of following or harassing another person, causing the fear of death or injury.

Voluntary Manslaughter

the killing of a person without malice or premeditation, but during the commission of an illegal act. Manslaughter is voluntary when intentional but not premeditated, resulting from the heat of passion or the diminished mental capacity of the killer.

ID Theft

stealing someone's identity (their personal information).

Extortion

taking property illegally through threats of harm (often called blackmail)

Attempt

an effort to commit a crime that goes beyond mere preparation but does not result in the commission of the crime.

Felony

A serious criminal offense punishable by a prison sentence of more than one year.

Strict Liability

the legal responsibility for damage or injury even if you are not negligent.

Involuntary Manslaughter

manslaughter that is unintentional but done during an unlawful act of a lesser nature.

Shoplifting

a form of larceny in which a person takes items from a store without paying or intending to pay.

Noncriminal Homicide

killing that is justifiable or excusable and for which the killer is deemed faultless.

Facilitation

The act of making an action easy or easier.

Omission

failing to perform an act required be a criminal law, if he/she is physically able to perform the required act.

Rape

sexual intercourse without consent.

Battery

any unlawful physical contact inflicted by one person upon another person without consent.

Arson

the willful and malicious burning of a person's property.

Robbery

the unlawful taking of property from a person's immediate possession by force or intimidation.

Larceny

the unlawful taking and carrying away of the property of another person with the intent to permanently deprive the owner of it.

Conspiracy

an agreement between two or more persons to commit a crime.

Guilty State of Mind

the prohibited act was done intentionally, knowingly, or willfully.

Acquaintance Rape

a sexual assault by someone known to the victim.

Computer Crime

any violation of criminal law that involves the use of computer technology to commit the prohibited act.

Uttering

offering to someone as genuine a document known to be a fake.

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