The repetition of identical consonant or vowel sounds at the beginnings of words htat are close together (i.e. descending dew drops).
An extended metaphor in which objects, persons, and actions represent things outside of the narrative.
Reference to a statement, person, place, event, or thing known from literature, history, religion, myth, politics, sports, science, or the arts
Words a character in a play speaks to the audience or another character that are not supposed to be overheard by others on stage
Person in a story, poem or play (Types: Static, Dynamic, Flat, Round, Caricature, Stereotype.)
Long story told in an elevated language (usually poetry) which relates the great deeds of a larger-than-life hero who embodies the values of particular society
Scene in a narrative that interrupts the present action and reveals what happened at an earlier time
Figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express a strong emotion or to create a comic effect
Contrast or discrepancy between expectation and reality (Types: Verbal, Situational, and Dramatic)
Repetition of words, phrases, or sentences that have the same grammatical structure or that state a similar idea
Point of View
The vantage point from which a writer tells a story. (i.e. First Person, Third Person Limited, Third Person Omniscient)
A point of view in which the narrator is a character who reveals a plot using the pronoun I.
Third Person Limited
A point of view in which the narrator tells the story using he or she, presenting it as it is seen and understood by a single character.
Third Person Omniscient
A point of view in which the narrator is all-knowing and capable of revealing everything about the characters and situation in a story (uses pronouns he or she).
A persuasive technique in which the writer reiterates. restates, or repeats certain structures, words or phrases to drive his message.
A persuasive technique in which the writer asks a question with an obvious answer, used to make an indirect implication.
An unusually long speech by a character onstage alone, expressing inner thoughts and feelings
A statement in which something is intentionally represented as less than it actually is.
A comparison of two things to show that they are alike in certain respects; a type of extended metaphor.
A character type that recurs consistently enough in life and literature to be considered universal (i.e. hero, villain, misfit).
Repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds in words close together (i.e. fleet feet sweep by sleeping Greeks).
The repetition of final consonant sounds after different vowel sounds (i.e. pitter, patter; rif, raf)
A brief story in prose or verse that teaches a moral or gives a practical lesson about how to get along in life.
A character who serves as a contrast to another character to highlight differences between them
An expression peculiar to a particular language that means something different from the literal meaning of each word (i.e. A Piece of Cake, A Dime a Dozen)
A play, novel, or other narrative that depicts serious and important events in which the main character(s) comes to an unhappy end
The protagonist in a tragedy who is often high ranking and is on some level responsible for his own downfall, due to a flaw in character (tragic flaw).
A brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life. ("An apple a day keeps the doctor away.")
The refinement, support and development of an idea by use of details, reasons and evidence
A kind of romantic, scary piece of literature that summons up the mysterious atmosphere suggested by old castles and cathedrals.
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase (bittersweet, living death, jumbo shrimp)
Rhetorical devices used by authors for various effects in order to persuade an audience (i.e. Call to Action, Elevated language, Rhetorical Question, Appeals to Emotion, Appeals to Logic, Repetition, Figurative Language).
Call to Action
A persuasive technique in which the writer exhorts or encourages his or her audience to behave a certain way.
Appeals to Emotion
A persuasive technique in which the writer 'tugs on the heartstrings' of his audience, attempting to sway opinion by resorting to sentiment or passion more than logic.
Appeals to Logic
A persuasive technique in which the writer uses statistics, facts, anecdotes, and expert opinions to sway his audience.
A persuasive technique in which the writer uses similes, metaphor, hyperbole and allusion to make connections and show his argument in a unique fashion.
Stream of Consciousness
A style of writing that portrays the inner (often chaotic) working of a character's mind