Crim Exam 2

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created the watch and ward

The Statute of Winchester:

were the most disciplined enforcement agents in London during its time.

The Bow Street Runners:

Pennsylvania

Which state created "the first modern state police agency" in 1829?

Wickersham

Which commission, started in 1931, recognized prohibition as unenforceable as well as a catalyst to police corruption?

state, federal, local

What are the three major levels of law enforcement?

sheriff

Which local law enforcement official is responsible for serving court papers, maintaining security within courtrooms, and running the county jail?

ASIS

The preeminent organization for private security professionals.

LEAA

A federal agency that was established to funnel federal funding to state and local law enforcement agencies that is now defunct was:

Enron

Which of the following is not a prominent private security firm?

Robert Peel

Which of the following people was associated with London's New Police?

Kansas City

The first large scale scientific study of law enforcement practices was conducted in which American city?

Directed Patrol

A police management strategy designed to increase the productivity of patrol officers through scientific analysis and evaluation of patrol techniques is called:

patrol

What is considered the backbone of police work?

Nightwatch

________ is an early form of police patrol in English cities and towns.

New York.

The nation's largest law enforcement agency is in:

True

A decentralized state police agency operates with two agencies-a highway patrol and a state bureau of investigation

False

The U.S. Coast Guard falls under the U.S. Navy Jurisdiction

False

In any discussion of evidence-based policing, it is important to remember that the word "evidence" refers to criminal evidence, not scientific evidence.

True

In 1844 New York combined their day and night forces into the New York City Police Department.

True

Vigilantism is the act of taking the law into one's own hands.

Comp Stat

A crime-analysis and police-management process built on crime mapping that was developed by the New York City Police Department.

problem solving

The operational strategy known as ________ seeks to reduce chronic offending in the community.

Field activities associated with daily police work

The Line Operation of a police department is associated with which type of police work?

. enforces the letter of the law.

The legalistic style of policing:

information sharing

FIGs, LEO AND NLETS are all ________ resources

time of day

Which factor does not influence a police officer's use of discretion?

set training standards for law enforcement officers

POST is the acronym used by most states to:

. better handgun skills

Which of the following is not a benefit of educated police officers?

12..7%

According to the 2001 Status of Women in Policing Survey, about what percentage of U.S. law enforcement officers is female?

centralization of command

Which of the following is not an element of community policing?

chain of command

What term is used to describe the order of authority within a police department?

Philadelphia

Annetta Nunn was a former police chief of which major American city?

crime-scene investigators

Which of the following police personnel is trained in specific forensic techniques?

Span of Control

The number of police personnel or the number of units supervised by a particular commander is known as:

legalistic

Police departments that enforce the letter of the law are known for the __________ style of police work.

False

Since September 11, 2001, we have developed a nation-wide fully integrated criminal justice information system with a formal intelligence unit in every police department.

False

The service style of policing is based on order maintenance.

True

We are presently in the community era of the style of policing.

True

Police professionalism requires that today's police officers have a great deal of specialized knowledge and that they adhere to the standards and ethics set out by the profession.

True

Discretion is used mostly in routine situations that involve offenses that are not very serious.

10

The Bill of Rights is the popular name given to the first ________ amendments to the U.S. Constitution.

Fourth Amendment.

Unreasonable searches and seizures are prohibited by the:

Mapp v. Ohio

Which Supreme Court ruling applied the principles, regarding the exclusionary rule, developed in Weeks v. U.S. to trials in state courts?

Interrogation

The information gathering activity of police officers that involves direct question of suspects is known as:

Terry v. Ohio

. This Supreme Court case has become the basis for a brief "stop and frisk" based on a reasonable suspicion

Probable Cause

_______________ exists when a set of facts and circumstances that would induce a reasonably intelligent and prudent person to believe that a particular other person has committed a specific crime.

Fourth Amendment.

Unreasonable searches and seizures are prohibited by the:

Exclusionary rule

The ____________ holds that evidence illegally seized by the police cannot be used in a trial.

Incident to an arrest

A warrantless search of an arrested individual conducted to ensure the safety of the arresting officer is permitted:

Warren Court

Which 1960s U.S. Supreme Court dramatically changed the day-to-day practice of American policing?

Harris v. U.S.

Which U.S. Supreme Court cast established the plain view doctrine.

Miranda v. Arizona

Which famous 1966 U.S. Supreme Court case required that criminal suspects be read their rights prior to being questioned by the police while in custody?

inmates freely talking about their crimes to an undercover officer posing as an inmate
are not protected by Miranda

The U.S. Supreme Court decided in Illinois v. Perkins that:

There is reasonable belief that the informant is reliable.

Concerning informants, which of the following was established in Aguilar v. Texas?

fruit of the poisoned tree doctrine

Silverthorne Lumber v. U.S. is responsible for describing what principle of Fourth Amendment processes?

False

The USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 made it more difficult for police investigators to intercept many forms of electronic communications.

True

Latent evidence is evidence of relevance to a criminal investigation that is not readily seen by the unaided eye

False

The plain-view doctrine still applies if officers move objects so they can see evidence otherwise hidden from view.

True

An exception to the exclusionary rule. Law enforcement officers who conduct a search or who seize evidence on the basis of good faith (that is, when they believe they are operating according to the dictates of the law) and who later discover that a mistake was made (perhaps in the format of the application for a search warrant) may still provide evidence that can be used in court.

True

The court recognized a suspect's right to have legal counsel present during interrogation in Escobedo v. Illinois.

Law Enforcement Code of Ethics

The Law Enforcement Oath of Honor most closely resembles:

cheerful

Officers who have adopted the police working personality are all of the following except:

increased ethics training of both new and experienced officers

Which of the following does the FBI consider an important strategy used to combat police corruption?

divorce

Which one of the following is NOT a method to help police officers reduce stress?

1.6%

Of the 43.5 million people who have face-to-face contact with the police in a typical year, what percentage is subject to the use or threat of force?

terrorist's suspects

In 2003, the U.S. Department of Justice banned its practice of racial profiling in all federal law enforcement agencies except for:

failure to aid private citizens

Which of the following is not a common source of lawsuits brought against the police?

1983 lawsuits

Civil suits that are filed in the federal court system are known as:

qualified immunity

The doctrine of _______________ shields public officials from actions for damages unless their conduct was unreasonable in light of clearly established law.

Fleeing Felon Rule.

Historically, officers were allowed to use deadly force to prevent the escape of a suspected felon even when the person represented no immediate threat to the officer or the public. This was known as the:

deadly force could be used to apprehend a suspected felon.

Tennessee v. Garner specified the conditions under which:

Gunfire

In a normal year most police officers who die in the line of duty die as a result of:

officers who accept bribes and minor services from citizens seeking to avoid arrest

What is the meaning of the term grass-eaters as a form of police corruption?

Graham v. Connor

In which 1989 case did the U.S. Supreme Court establish the standard of "objective reasonableness" in determining the appropriate use of deadly force by a police officer.

a reasonable suspicion

The courts have supported drug testing of police officers based on ________ that drug abuse is occurring.

True

Stress is a natural component of police work

False

The U.S. Supreme Court case, Tennessee v. Garner involves Civil Suits against police departments and not individual police officers.

True

The Knapp Commission focused on corruption in the New York City Police Department

True

Law enforcement supervisors can be held liable for the actions of the officers under their command.

False

Less-lethal weapons are specifically designed to kill suspects

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