CCJ1020: Chapter 03 Quiz: Criminal Law

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Intro to Criminal Justice CCJ1020 by Frank Schmalleger, 9th Ed. Spring 2013

Which of the following types of law is based on the assumption that acts injure not just individuals, but society as a whole?

criminal law

Which of the following refers to a traditional body of unwritten legal precedents created from everyday social customs, rules, and practices?

common law

The maxim that an orderly society must be governed by established principles.

rule of law

Which type of law refers to the body of regulations that the government creates to control the activities of industry, business, and individuals?

administrative law

Which part of the law specifies the methods to be used in enforcing substantive law?

procedural law

Which of the following violations is not a misdemeanor?

robbery

Which of the following would not be categorized as a felony?

petty theft

Which of the following is not an element of crime?

motive

Our legal system generally recognizes all of the following broad categories of defenses except

opportunity.

In its written form, the criminal law is also known as

the penal law

Which of the following terms refers to gathering, transmitting, or losing information related to the national defense in such a manner that the information becomes available to enemies of the United States?

espionage

In the Andrea Yates murder trial, the jury had to decide whether she knew that murdering her children was wrong in order to consider

her insanity defense

Which of the following is a justification defense?

self-defense

Murder, rape, and robbery all fall under what branch of modern law?

substantive criminal law

Which of the following is not a procedural defense?

alibi

To avoid claims of entrapment, police officers must not

engage in an activity that would improperly induce a person to commit a crime.

Tax laws, building codes, and health codes are examples of what type of law?

administrative law

Which of the following elements of crime means "guilty mind"?

mens rea

A woman is accused of murdering her brother. She claims that she stabbed her brother to release the evil spirits within his body. The excuse defense that would most likely be used at her trial is

insanity.

Excuse defenses include which of the following?

duress

Which of the following is a procedural defense?

double jeopardy

Which type of law is enacted by a government body or agency having the power to make law?

statutory law

The main objective of a civil lawsuit is to

seek compensation

________ is the philosophy of law.

Jurisprudence

Which type of law covers practices in the areas of customs, immigration, and product safety?

administrative

The principle of recognizing previous decisions as precedents to guide future deliberations is called

stare decisis

________ are generally more serious than ________, but less serious than ________.

Misdemeanors; offenses; felonies

Which crime best describes an attempt to overthrow the government of the society of which one is a member?

treason

What term describes an offense not yet completed?

inchoate

Mens rea is most clearly present when a person acts

purposefully and knowingly

Which type of a defense is used when a defense attorney claims that the defendant's actions were necessary to ensure his or her safety?

self-defense

When the defendant is incapable of understanding the nature of charges and proceedings, he will be declared

incompetent to stand trial.

Which Supreme Court case states that prisoners who become insane while incarcerated cannot be executed?

Ford v. Wainwright

Which constitutional Amendment guarantees the right to a speedy trial?

Sixth

The Constitution prohibits the enactment of ________ laws, which make acts committed before the laws in question were passed punishable as crimes.

ex post facto

The body of rules and regulations that define and specify the nature of punishments for offenses of a public nature for wrongs committed against the state or society is called

criminal law

The legal principle that ensures that previous judicial decisions are authoritatively considered and incorporated into future cases is called

precedent

A criminal offense that is punishable by death or by incarceration in a prison facility for at least one year is called a(n)

felony

A minor violation of the criminal law, sometimes described as ticket-able, is called a(n)

offense

An activity that increases the risk of harm is called

reckless

A person's reason for committing a crime is a(n)

motive

Bob runs a stop sign. He didn't see the sign and he had no intention of breaking the law. He is guilty of

a strict liability offense

The essential features of a crime are known as the ________ the crime.

elements of

Bob is sitting on a park bench minding his own business when an undercover police officer comes up to Bob and talks him into buying some marijuana. Then the officer arrests Bob for possession of marijuana. Bob can claim the defense of

entrapment

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