Milady- Nerves

50 terms by Stirado 

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Sensory or Afferent Nerves

Carries impuleses or messages from the sense organs to the brian, where sensations of touch, cold, heat, sight, hearing , taste, smell, pain, and pressure are experienced.

Motor - Efferent

Which carry impulses from the brain to the muscles. The transmitted impulses produce movement.

Reflex

Is an automatic nerve reaction to a stimulus that involves movement of an impulse from a sensory receptor along the afferent nerve to the spinal cord, and a reponsive impulse along an efferent neuron to a muscle, causing a reation.

Nervous System

Is an exceptionally well-organized system that is responsible for coordinating all the many activities that are performed by the body. There are over 100 billion nerve cells, know as neurons, in the body.

1. Brain 2. Spinal Cord 3. Nerves.

What are three principal components of the nervous system?

1. CNS 2. PNS

What are the two main subdivisions of the nervous system.

Central Nervous System

What does the spinal cord and brain make up? Also, is the primary control for the whole nervous system.

Peripheral (PNS)

Controls the involuntary muscles, such as the glands, blood, vessels, and heart. (outter part of the body to the CNS)

Automic (ANS)

(Internal) Causes the internal regulations of impulses from the CNS to smooth muscle such as heart, blood vessels and glands.

Brain

is the largest, most complex nerve tissue in the body.

12

The number of pairs of crainial nerves orginate in the brain.

31

The number of pairs of spinal nerves extend from the spinal cord.

Neuron

Another name for a nerve cell.

Axon

Sends nerve impulses away from the cell body to other neurons, glands, and muscles.

Dendrite

Receives nerve impulses from other neurons.

Motor - Efferent

Nerve carries impulses from the brain to the muscles.

Sensory - Afferent

Nerve carries impulses from the sence organs to the brain.

Reflex

An example of pulling your hand quickly away from a hot stove.

Fifth Cranial Nerve

Also known as the trifacial or trigeninal nerve.

1. Opthalmic. 2. Mandibular. 3. Maxillary.

Name the three branches of the trifacial or trigeminal nerve.

Infraorbital

Affects the skin of the lower eyelid, side of the nose, upper lip and mouth.

Supratrochlear

Affects the skin between the eyes and upper side of the nose.

Mental

Affects the skin of the lower lip and chin (upper jaw)

Auriculotemporal

Affects the external ear and skin above the temple, up to the top of the skull.

Zygomatic

Affects the muscles of the upper part of the cheek.

Infratrochlear

Affects the membrane and skin of the nose.

Supraorbital

Affects the skin of the forehead, scalp, eyebrow, and upper eyelid.

Nasal

Affects the point and lower side of the nose.

Temperal Nerve

Affects the muscles of the temple, side of the forehead, eyebrow, eyelid, and upper part of the cheek.

Cervical

Affects the side of the neck and platysma muscle.

Mandibular

Affects the muscles of the lower lip and chin.

Buccal

Affects the muscles of the mouth.

Zygomatic

Affects the muscles of the upper part of the cheek.

Posterior Auricular

Affects the muscles behind the ear at the base of the skull.

Smaller Occipital

Affects the scalp and muscles behind the ear.

Greater Auricular

Affects the face, ears, neck and parotid gland.

Greater Occipital

Affects the scalp as far up as the top of the head.

Cervical Cutaneous Nerve

Affects the front and sides of the neck as far down as the breastbone.

Digital Nerve

Sensory motor nerve that, which its branches, supplies the fingers.

Radial Nerve

Is a sensory-motor nerve that, with its branches, supplies the thumb side for the arm and back of the hand.

Median Nerve

Is a smaller sensory-motor nerve than the ulnar and radial nerves; which its branches, its supplies the arm and hand.

Ulnar Nerve

is a senory-motor nerve that, with its branches, affects the little-finger side of the arm and palm of the hand.

Cerebralspinal Systems

Another name for Central Nervous System.

Sympathetic Division

stimulates or speeds up activity adn prepares the body for stressful situations.

Parasympathetic Division

operates under normal nonstressful conditions and helps restore and slow down activity, thus keeping the balance in the body.

Cerebrum

Makes up the bulk of the brain. It is the cerebral cortex, in the part of the cerebrum from which most messages from the brain are sent - such as those conveying thought, hearing and sight.

Diencephalon

Is located in the uppermost part of the midbrain had has two main parts: Thalamus and hypothalamus.

Thalamus

Located in the upper part of the diencephalon, acts as a relay station for sensory impulses and play a role in the recognition of pain and temperature in teh body.

Hypothalamus

Located in the lower part of the diencephalon, controls many bodily functions such as body temperature; it also controls the pituitary gland.

Brain Stem

Connects the spinal cord. Consist of three parts - Midbrain, Pons, and Medulla Oblongata; all which connects parts of the brain with the spinal cord. The brain stem is involved in regulating such vital functions as breathing, heartbeat, and blood pressure.

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