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Islam

the religion practiced by Muslims; Islam means "submission to the will of God."

Muslim

A follower of Islam, means "one who has submitted"

pilgrimage

a journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes

Qur'an (Koran)

the holy book of Islam

Allah

Arabic word for God; [Arabic Allāh : al-, the + 'ilāh, god.]

fasting

To abstain from food and drink, especially as a religious discipline

creed

a statement of belief or principle

mosque

a Muslim place of worship

jihad

the obligation of Muslims to struggle or exert themselves "in the way of God"; is often defined today as holy war

Sharia

the code of law derived from the Qur'an and from the teachings and example of Muhammad

prophet

a person who expresses and explains the will of god

nomadic

wandering, moving about from place to place

caliph

successor to Muhammad as political and religious leader of the Muslims

hijab

refers to the guidelines of modest dress; headscarf

Sunni

a branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad; 85% of Muslims today

Shia

a branch of Islam whose members regard Ali (blood relative) as the legitimate successor to Muhammad and rejects the first three caliphs; 15% of Muslims today

Hadith

the literal translation means "story"; traditional teachings based on Muhammad's words and actions;

burka

a loose cloth covering the entire body with an opening for eyes; worn by some Muslim women

Tribe

A social group that shares a common ancestry, leadership, and traditions

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