What is the def of emotion?
What are three elements of Emotion
physical, behavioral, cognitive
arousal of the Sympathetic Nervous System
has facial expressions - 7 basic facial expressions of emotion, that are universal and biological, that have evolved as a method of
communication, and are consistent across cultures, also has body movements, spoken words, gestures
interpreting the situation and labeling your emotions
Common Sense Theory
"I am afraid and that makes me shake" You first feel fear, so then you shake.
James Lange Theory
Your body reaction causes fear. "I am shaking and that makes me afraid"
"I am shaking and feeling afraid at the same time" Both happen at once.
Schachter's Cognitive Arousal Theory
"I am shaking and this is an dangerous situation, then I'm afraid" I noticed a dangerous situation and started to shake. Then felt fear.
Lazarus Cognitive Mediational Theory
"I see danger, feel fear, start shaking" Starts with noticing the danger, then I feel fear and react.
Facial Feedback Theory
Facial expressions can help change emotion can create an emotion or intensify an emotion.
your response to a threatening or challenging event. This response is physical, cognitive and behavioral.
A stressor is what?
an event that causes the stress.
unpleasant events cause distress (bad stress)
positive events cause eustress (good stress)
Lzrus Cognitive Mediational Theory
Theory of emotion also relates to stress - how you "appraise" a situation affects the way you respond to it:
appraising the severity of the stressor
appraising you ability to cope with it
General Adaption Syndrome
the body reacts to stress in 3 stages, alarm, resistance, exhaustion
the Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS) mobilizes to fight the stressor - the adrenal glands release hormones
continued SNS activity, but it begins to lessen
the body's resources run out and the Parasympathetic Nervous System (PNS) activates
Problems with over overusage of SNS
too much stress, over a long period can lead to heart problems and a weakened immune system
(unhealthy) - competitive, workaholic, hostile (easily
(healthy) - relaxed, easygoing, not easily angered
(unhealthy) - pleasant, no show of emotions, internalizing feelings in order to "keep the peace"
(healthy) - they thrive on stress like Type A, but without the anger, because they feel in control
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
can develop after a terrifying, like-threatening experience -
PTSD 3 major symptoms
1. persistent feelings of extreme fearfulness
2. flashbacks and nightmares
3. work and family problems
eliminating the stressor
changing how you react to the stressor,
which changes the way you feel