Human Digestive System

12 terms by patriccio 

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12 terms from p. 72 in Biology book

mouth

the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge

salivary glands

three pairs of exocrine glands in the mouth that secrete saliva; the parotid, submandibular (submaxillary), and sublingual glands

esophagus

food tube connecting the mouth to the stomach

stomach

stores and prepares food for digestion

liver

organ that makes bile to break down fats; also filters poisons and drugs out of the blood

pancreas

gland that secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum, where it mixes with bile to digest food

small intestine

responsible for most chemical digestion and absorption of nutrients

large intestine

the last section of the digestive system, where water is absorbed from food and the remaining material is eliminated from the body

rectum

A short tube at the end of the large intestine where waste material is compressed into a solid form before being eliminated

anus

opening of the rectum to the outside of the body

appendix

A small pouch located where the small intestine joins the large intestine. It has no known use and sometimes can become infected and have to be removed.

gall bladder

stores and concentrates bile

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