Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

In creating colonial empires in Asia and Africa during the second half of the nineteenth century, Europeans took advantage of all of the following except
Select one:
a. economic power bolstered by the Industrial Revolution in Europe
b. the devastating demographic effects of European diseases upon indigenous populations.
c. the superiority in organization and discipline of their armed forces.
d. advances in firepower, based on military technology

the devastating demographic effects of European diseases upon indigenous populations..

What role did Spain and Portugal play in the second European imperialism?
Select one:
a. About the same as other European powers
b. A minor role
c. Spain and Portugal opposed imperialism by other Europeans with their navies.
d. A prominent role

A Minor Role

What non-European country built a substantial colonial empire that bore important similarities to the empires of its European counterparts?
Select one:
a. China
b. Turkey
c. Brazil
d. Japan

Japan

What was the long-term plan of the British government for taking over control of India?
Select one:
a. To suddenly conquer India all at once
b. There was no long-range plan of the British government for taking over control of India.
c. To conquer it all at once, but then turn it back over to a puppet Mughal ruler
d. To conquer it in stages

There was no long-range plan of the British government for taking over control of India

What was the fate of decentralized societies that did not have a strong ruler or government under European conquest, such as the small kingdoms and chiefdoms of West Africa?
Select one:
a. They faced protracted, brutal warfare and mass destruction, village by village.
b. They quickly formed organized central states to deal with the European invaders.
c. The Europeans largely left these societies alone, not seeing them as worth controlling.
d. They were easily incorporated into the new European colony.

They faced protracted, brutal warfare and mass destruction, village by village..

Why did Europeans become the vast majority of the population in New Zealand, Australia, and Hawaii?
Select one:
a. The native population in these places had been decimated by European disease.
b. The weather in these places was highly attractive to European/American settlers.
c. These places were easily accessible from Britain and the United States.
d. These places had never had a lot of people in them.

The native population in these places had been decimated by European disease..

Which of the following best characterizes the response of most Asian and African societies to European conquests in the nineteenth century?
Select one:
a. Most societies fought long, bloody, asymmetric wars against the European invaders.
b. The responses covered a wide range from active resistance to accommodation.
c. Most societies gave in to domination after a short, decisive loss to European forces.
d. Most societies converted quickly to Christianity.

The responses covered a wide range from active resistance to accommodation.

The arrival of colonial rule changed the working lives of colonial subjects by
Select one:
a. driving most of them to return to subsistence agriculture, where each family produced largely for its own needs.
b. requiring that they devote at least some of their energies to working for wages or selling what they produced for a cash income.
c. creating large new enslaved workforces that competed with colonial subjects for jobs.
d. providing an economic boon to artisans who produced handmade goods.

requiring that they devote at least some of their energies to working for wages or selling what they produced for a cash income..

The nineteenth-century European version of empire differed from others in every way except the following:
Select one:
a. colonial states penetrated the societies they governed, instituting tax collections, communication and transportation, and public health measures.
b. race played an important role in distinguishing rulers and the ruled.
c. colonizers collected vast amounts of information to help classify the societies they ruled.
d. like their ruling nations, colonies were becoming more democratic.

like their ruling nations, colonies were becoming more democratic..

Colonial rule in Africa had an impact on the lives of women in which of the following ways?
Select one:
a. Women lost their central role in producing food for their families.
b. In areas where men worked far from home, women of impoverished families became heads of household.
c. After marriage, women were increasingly confined to the home in accordance with European norms.
d. Women were driven completely from trade.

In areas where men worked far from home, women of impoverished families became heads of household..

Which of the following was a way in which European colonial rule transformed its colonies?
Select one:
a. Colonial rule brought enslavement for most colonial populations.
b. Colonial rule conveyed to the colonies some elements of Europe's modernizing process.
c. Colonial rule cut off Asian and African economies into a global network of exchange.
d. Colonial rule brought industrialization to many colonies.

Colonial rule conveyed to the colonies some elements of Europe's modernizing process

What relationship existed between the number of white settlers and the degree of racial segregation and discrimination in African and Asian colonies?
Select one:
a. The more white settlers in a colony, the less racial discrimination there was.
b. The number of white settlers and the amount of racial segregation and discrimination were not linked.
c. The more white settlers in a colony, the more racial discrimination there was.
d. There was no racial discrimination regardless of the number of white settlers.

The more white settlers in a colony, the more racial discrimination there was..

How did Europeans justify the paradox that they valued national independence and Enlightenment values such as freedom and equality, yet denied these things to the people they colonized?
Select one:
a. They never noticed the irony.
b. They fell back on Christianity as a justification.
c. They feared the unrest that would occur if their colonial subjects learned modern values such as nationalism and democracy.
d. They abandoned their Enlightenment beliefs so as to not be hypocrites.

They feared the unrest that would occur if their colonial subjects learned modern values such as nationalism and democracy..

What role did Hindu leaders such as Swami Vivekananda see for Indian spirituality in terms of Western culture?
Select one:
a. They believed Indian spiritual beliefs would be destroyed by Western materialism.
b. They believed that Indian spiritual beliefs were in essence the same as Western materialism.
c. They believed Indian spiritual beliefs would co-exist peacefully with Western culture.
d. They believed Indian spiritual beliefs could save the West from its own dangerous materialism

They believed Indian spiritual beliefs could save the West from its own dangerous materialism

Before European colonialism, African peoples
Select one:
a. thought of themselves in terms of distinct and separate tribes organized into nation states.
b. recognized differences among themselves but did not clearly define them.
c. thought of themselves in terms of distinct and separate tribes.
d. thought of themselves primarily as "Africans."

recognized differences among themselves but did not clearly define them..

The chief beneficiaries of all but one of the Atlantic revolutions were
Select one:
a. slaves.
b. white men without property.
c. women.
d. propertied white men of the "middling classes."

propertied white men of the "middling classes.".

The Atlantic revolutions
Select one:
a. expressed the same social and political tensions.
b. were triggered by the same circumstances.
c. shared a common political vocabulary and a broadly democratic character.
d. shared the same outcomes.

shared a common political vocabulary and a broadly democratic character..

A distinguishing characteristic of the French Revolution when compared to the American Revolution was that the French Revolution
Select one:
a. sought to preserve existing liberties rather than to establish new ones.
b. drew on Enlightenment ideas about liberty.
c. sought to re-create society from scratch.
d. experienced no participation by women

sought to re-create society from scratch

Nationalism in Europe fueled
Select one:
a. a competitive drive for colonies in Asia and Africa.
b. the collapse of European overseas empires by the 1890s.
c. the feminist movement.
d. the abolition of the slave trade.

a competitive drive for colonies in Asia and Africa.

Which of the following was an outcome of the American Revolution?
Select one:
a. It accelerated the established democratic tendencies of the colonial societies.
b. Enlightenment ideals were increasingly rejected as part of a quest for stability.
c. It established nearly universal voting rights in the former colonies.
d. Political authority no longer resided in the hands of pre-Revolutionary colonial elites.

It accelerated the established democratic tendencies of the colonial societies

The most distinctive feature of the Haitian Revolution was
Select one:
a. the success of different races at putting aside differences in the name of the revolution.
b. its relative lack of violence.
c. its rejection from the start of Enlightenment ideals.
d. its status as the only completely successful slave revolt in world history.

its status as the only completely successful slave revolt in world history.

All of the following are examples of the influence of nationalism outside the Euro-American world in the nineteenth century except
Select one:
a. the formation of the Indian National Congress.
b. the notion of the Ottoman Empire as a Turkish national state.
c. the "Egypt for the Egyptians" movement.
d. the fragmentation of China into multiple national identities.

the fragmentation of China into multiple national identities.

What best describes the result of Napoleon's conquest and reform of European lands outside France?
Select one:
a. The conquered were grateful to Napoleon.
b. The conquered refused to accept the reforms, but passively accepted French control.
c. The conquered accepted many of the reforms, but revolted against French control.
d. The conquered refused to accept the reforms and fought bitterly against French control.

The conquered accepted many of the reforms, but revolted against French control.

Which of the following was an impact of the Haitian Revolution throughout the Atlantic world?
Select one:
a. The movement to abolish slavery collapsed as fear of free slaves grew.
b. The French Revolution's principles were discredited.
c. Slave owners and whites were filled with a deep caution and fear.
d. Similar slave insurrections spread throughout the Atlantic world, including Brazil, Jamaica, and Louisiana.

Slave owners and whites were filled with a deep caution and fear

In which of the following regions did the use of slaves increase over the second half of the nineteenth century?
Select one:
a. West Africa
b. Latin America
c. Haiti
d. The British sugar colonies in the Caribbean

West Africa

Which of the following is one reason why the Spanish American revolutions took longer and were more difficult than the (North) American Revolution?
Select one:
a. Language barriers
b. Greater wealth in Spain than in Britain
c. Divisions of class, race, and region within Spanish America
d. Stability of the royal government in Spain

Divisions of class, race, and region within Spanish America.

What great fear drove the Latin American creole elites to pursue independence and political change?
Select one:
a. They feared that new colonists from Spain and Portugal were going to displace them by seizing their land.
b. They feared that social unrest from the lower classes and nonwhites would get out of control.
c. They feared falling behind the United States economically and politically.
d. They feared that the Church was gaining too much power over them.

They feared that social unrest from the lower classes and nonwhites would get out of control.

Which of the following arguments made the cause of abolition widely acceptable in the nineteenth century?
Select one:
a. Slavery made West Africans wealthy at the expense of Europeans.
b. Slavery was not condoned in the Bible.
c. Slavery was no longer necessary for economic progress.
d. Slavery was immoral.

Slavery was no longer necessary for economic progress..

Which of the following is true of the women's movement by the early 1900s?
Select one:
a. In the most industrialized countries of the West, it had become a mass movement.
b. While a number of nations had strong feminist movements, there was little or no contact between them.
c. It had secured widespread voting rights for women across Europe.
d. Large numbers of working-class women had gained entrance to universities.

In the most industrialized countries of the West, it had become a mass movement.

Advocates of maternal feminism based their claims for equal rights for women on
Select one:
a. women's early successes in winning the right to vote.
b. the modern idea of human equality.
c. Marxist notions of class solidarity.
d. the distinctive role of women as mothers.

the distinctive role of women as mothers

Which of the following had not undergone its own wide-scale Industrial Revolution by 1900?
Select one:
a. Britain
b. United States
c. Latin America
d. Japan

Latin America

Among the reasons that Europe industrialized first was that
Select one:
a. Europe's societies had, unlike China, Japan, and other Asian societies, developed highly commercialized, market-based economies.
b. European rulers fostered unusually close alliances with their merchant classes.
c. it enjoyed an obvious economic advantage over all other regions by 1750.
d. it possessed a unique capacity for technological innovation.

European rulers fostered unusually close alliances with their merchant classes

Which of the following best characterizes past explanations for Europe's Industrial Revolution?
Select one:
a. Europeans were just lucky to industrialize first.
b. More adequate rainfall encouraged economic and industrial development.
c. Unique features of European society, economy, or history gave it a long-term advantage and head-start in industrializing.
d. Europeans stole innovations from other societies.

Unique features of European society, economy, or history gave it a long-term advantage and head-start in industrializing

Which of the following arguments serves to counter the notion that European culture is inherently more suited to industry and technology?
Select one:
a. Non-European civilizations have been able to provide other valuable contributions to World History, for example, in terms of music or cuisine.
b. Europeans today lag far behind the United States in terms of industry and technology.
c. Until about 1750, core areas of Europe, India, and China enjoyed similar levels of economic development.
d. Europe's early industrialization relied almost exclusively on slave labor from Africa.

Until about 1750, core areas of Europe, India, and China enjoyed similar levels of economic development

Which of the following explanations for why Britain was the first European country to industrialize is true?
Select one:
a. A scarcity of workers in Britain led to technological innovations that increased efficiency.
b. The Scientific Revolution took a distinctive form in Great Britain in ways that fostered technological innovation.
c. Lack of coal deposits forced British industrialists to develop wind-based energy sources.
d. British monarchs had absolute power and thus were able to freely promote industrialization.

The Scientific Revolution took a distinctive form in Great Britain in ways that fostered technological innovation..

The Industrial Revolution was a global phenomenon in all of the following ways except:
Select one:
a. Europe industrialized in part because of its role as a hub of the most extensive network of global exchange on the planet.
b. Extraction of wealth from the Americas helped to fund Europe's industrialization
c. Within a century of Britain's industrialization, fully industrial societies had emerged on every inhabited continent except Australia.
d. Even regions that failed to industrialize were impacted by industrialization.

Within a century of Britain's industrialization, fully industrial societies had emerged on every inhabited continent except Australia..

Which of the following statements accurately describes the experience of women in nineteenth-century Britain?
Select one:
a. In the late nineteenth century, many working-class women began to enter the teaching, clerical, and nursing professions.
b. Though middle-class women never worked outside the home, they earned money within the home by doing laundry or sewing clothes.
c. Working-class women usually left outside paid employment after they were married.
d. Middle-class women usually continued to work outside the home after marriage.

Working-class women usually left outside paid employment after they were married

Why was the British working-class movement less overtly revolutionary than its Russian counterpart?
Select one:
a. The declining wages of working-class families in Britain led to despair, not revolution.
b. British monarchs had absolute power and thus were better able to control the laboring classes than were the less powerful Russian stars.
c. The wages and living standards of working-class families in Britain rose without revolution.
d. The relatively small middle class in Britain as compared to Russia changed the dynamic of social relations between rich and poor.

The wages and living standards of working-class families in Britain rose without revolution

Which of the following was a reason for the failure of Marxist socialism to take root in the United States?
Select one:
a. The typically higher standard of living enjoyed by American workers in comparison to their European counterparts
b. The relatively small number of white-collar workers in the United States
c. A lack of labor unions in the United States
d. The homogenous nature of the American population as compared to that of many European countries

The typically higher standard of living enjoyed by American workers in comparison to their European counterparts.

Industrialization in Russia differed from industrialization in the United States in which of the following ways?
Select one:
a. Industrialization in Russia took place without rapid urbanization.
b. Industrialization was more state-directed in Russia than in the United States.
c. Russian factories tended to be much smaller than factories in Britain and other Western European countries.
d. Russian industry did not involve railroads

Industrialization was more state-directed in Russia than in the United States

Industrialization led to violent social revolution only in
Select one:
a. the United States.
b. Britain.
c. France.
d. Russia.

Russia

How did contact with other civilizations contribute to Europe's Industrial Revolution?
Select one:
a. It encouraged Europeans to radically reform their culture.
b. It awakened a desire to keep all foreign influence out of Europe.
c. It did not contribute at all; Europeans did not need anything from other civilizations to industrialize.
d. It enabled Europe to draw disproportionately on the world's resources.

It enabled Europe to draw disproportionately on the world's resources..

The most profound change in the social structure of Latin America after independence was
Select one:
a. the abolition of slavery.
b. the rising fortunes of indigenous Indian populations.
c. a decline in the status and power of creole whites.
d. the creation of new legal distinctions between various racial categories.

the abolition of slavery

Which of the following best describes the comparison between the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the Industrial Revolution as it unfolded in other lands across the globe?
Select one:
a. It bore no resemblance in other countries to what happened in Britain.
b. It happened exactly in other countries as it happened in Britain.
c. The basic social outcomes were similar in Britain and other industrialized countries, but important differences also characterized how the process unfolded.
d. Only Japan had a similar Industrial Revolution within fifty years of the start of the British Industrial Revolution.

The basic social outcomes were similar in Britain and other industrialized countries, but important differences also characterized how the process unfolded..

Latin America diverged from Europe during the nineteenth century in which of the following ways?
Select one:
a. No "middle class" emerged in Latin America.
b. Latin America experienced little population growth.
c. Urbanization proceeded very slowly in Latin America.
d. Only a very limited market for manufactured goods developed in Latin America.

Only a very limited market for manufactured goods developed in Latin America..

The opium trade in China
Select one:
a. resulted in wide-scale use of opium, but only among working-class men.
b. was supported by the Chinese government as a means of increasing tax revenue.
c. was promoted by the British as a way of addressing a persistent trade deficit with China.
d. resulted in a large inflow of silver into China.

was promoted by the British as a way of addressing a persistent trade deficit with China..

Which of the following was one reason why Europeans needed to expand into new foreign markets?
Select one:
a. To spread democracy
b. To unite humankind
c. To build prison colonies
d. To unload periodic surpluses of manufactured goods

To unload periodic surpluses of manufactured goods.

Why did ordinary Europeans come to care whether their country gained new territories around the globe or not?
Select one:
a. Most Europeans were naturally curious about other cultures around the world.
b. Many Europeans became swept up in mass nationalism.
c. Profits from new territories were distributed equally among all Europeans.
d. Many Europeans were looking for new places to settle.

Many Europeans became swept up in mass nationalism..

In which of the following ways did the Industrial Revolution drive European expansion in the nineteenth century?
Select one:
a. It led to technological innovations that gave Europeans a military advantage.
b. Prosperity from industrialization led to a decline in political rivalries between European states.
c. It drove Europeans to transfer industrial production on a large scale to their colonies.
d. It led to a rapid population increase in Europe which allowed European powers to send large numbers of colonists to China.

It led to technological innovations that gave Europeans a military advantage..

Which of the following European ideas about Asians and Africans is older than the others, emerging before the nineteenth century?
Select one:
a. The idea that the inferiority of Asians and Africans could be proved through scientific study
b. The idea that Asians and Africans were inferior because Europeans had unlocked the secrets of nature and had amassed unprecedented wealth and military power
c. The idea that Asians and Africans were "heathen" because they were not Christian
d. The idea that Asians and Africans were "weaker races" that Europe was fated to dominate

The idea that Asians and Africans were "heathen" because they were not Christian.

In what way could the Industrial Revolution be seen as a failure, not a success?
Select one:
a. It did not improve the living conditions of the working class in the long run.
b. It did not lead to advances in medicine.
c. It failed to produce consumer goods that people actually wanted.
d. It seriously damaged the environment and traditional cultural heritage.

It seriously damaged the environment and traditional cultural heritage..

The Taiping Uprising
Select one:
a. sought revolutionary changes, including a radical redistribution of land and recognition of the equality of men and women.
b. was inspired and supported by Western powers intent on using it to establish a government dominated by Europeans.
c. was crushed by the Chinese imperial army, strengthening the emperor in his relationship with provincial nobles.
d. was a conservative movement intent on restoring an idealized Chinese society.

sought revolutionary changes, including a radical redistribution of land and recognition of the equality of men and women.

How devastating was the Taiping conflict relative to other nineteenth-century conflicts in the world?
Select one:
a. It was the second worst conflict in Asia during the nineteenth century.
b. It was a medium-scale affair.
c. It caused the largest loss of life of any conflict in the nineteenth century.
d. It was ultimately a minor clash.

It caused the largest loss of life of any conflict in the nineteenth century

Which nation(s) had carved out "spheres of influence" in China by the end of the nineteenth century?
Select one:
a. Russia and Japan
b. Western nations plus Russia and Japan
c. Western nations only
d. Western nations and Russia

Western nations plus Russia and Japan

During China's Qing dynasty leadership in the latter half of the nineteenth century,
Select one:
a. Western innovations were rejected out of hand, but Japanese innovations were adopted freely.
b. China cemented its reputation as the center of civilization.
c. Chinese businessmen mostly served foreign firms.
d. China developed an independent capitalist class capable of leading its industrial revolution.

Chinese businessmen mostly served foreign firms.

In an effort to modernize, the Ottoman Empire
Select one:
a. set up a new military administration along Western lines to replace the Janissaries.
b. instituted the Tanzimat reforms, which sought to decentralize the state by giving each imperial region virtual autonomy.
c. established a complex new system designed to distinguish the legal status of Muslim peoples from that of non-Muslim peoples.
d. drew on European advisors and techniques.

drew on European advisors and techniques.

Which of the following was an important difference between China and the Ottoman Empire in the late nineteenth century?
Select one:
a. The Ottoman Empire developed a nationalist conception of society during the period, whereas China failed to develop any nationalist identity.
b. Only the Ottoman Empire was able to industrialize fully.
c. Only China attempted defensive modernization using Western ideas.
d. Only the Ottoman Empire's civilization was embedded in a deeply religious tradition

Only the Ottoman Empire's civilization was embedded in a deeply religious tradition.

What did the Young Turks advocate?
Select one:
a. A militantly secular Turkish national state
b. A jihad against all non-Muslims in the Ottoman Empire
c. A new political regime in the Ottoman Empire based on Wahhabi principles
d. A renewed war against the West

A militantly secular Turkish national state.

How did Japanese colonial policies in Taiwan and Korea compare to European imperialist practice?
Select one:
a. The Japanese were far crueler toward their subjects than Europeans were to theirs.
b. The Japanese were just as cruel toward their subjects as the Europeans were to theirs.
c. The Japanese willingly relinquished their colonies once the colonies had industrialized; the Europeans did not.
d. The Japanese were liberators, not imperialists.

The Japanese were just as cruel toward their subjects as the Europeans were to theirs

The reform program that transformed Japan during the final decades of the nineteenth century
Select one:
a. led to the isolation of Japan from the rest of the world.
b. substantially changed the social structure of Japan.
c. was accomplished without industrialization of the country.
d. ignored Western models.

substantially changed the social structure of Japan.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set