peaceful third-party intervention
Inter cultural communication
Communication that occurs in interactions between people who are culturally different.
Learned patterns of perceptions, values, and behaviors shared by a group of people.
People who live between cultures and often experience contradictory cultural patterns.
Voluntary short-term travelers
People who are border dwellers by choice and for a limited time, such as study abroad students or corporate personal
voluntary long-term travelers
People who are border dwellers by choice and for an extended time, such as immigrants.
Involuntary short-term travelers
People who are border dwellers not by choice and only for a limited time, such as refugees forced to move.
Involuntary long-term travelers
People who are border dwellers permanently but not by choice, such as those who relocate to escape war.
A feeling of disorientation and discomfort due to the lack of familiar environmental cues.
Reverse culture shock/reentry shock
Culture shock experienced by travelers upon returning to their home country.
Encapsulated marginal people
People who feel disintegrated by having to shift cultures
Constructive marginal people
People who thrive in a border-dweller life while recognizing its tremendous challenges.
beliefs that are so central to a cultural group that they are never questioned.
a value orientation that respects the autonomy and independence of individuals.
A value orientation that stresses the needs of the group
A value orientation that expresses whether it is more important for a person to "do" or to "be"
View of human nature
a value orientation that expresses whether humans are fundamentally good, evil, or a mixture
Human-nature value orientation
the perceived relationship between humans and nature
A value orientation that refers to the extent to which less powerful members of institutions and organizations within a culture expect and accept an unequal distribution of power.
Long term versus short-term orientation
The dimension of a society's value orientation that reflects its attitude toward virtue or truth
A value orientation that stresses the importance of possession one fundamental truth.
Belief in one god
A value orientation in which people stress the importance of virtue
belief in more than one god
recognizes that things need not be perceived as either/or but may be seen as both/and
thinking in which things are perceived as either/or for example good or bad big or small right or wrong.
Co cultural group
A significant minority group within a dominant majority that does not share dominant group values or communication patterns.