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Mussolini, Hitler, and Stalin

Treaty of Versailles

Treaty that ended WW I. It blamed Germany for WW I and handed down harsh punishment.

Weimar Republic

born out of the German defeat in WWI. Charged with stabbing the German nation in the back for signing the Treaty of Versailles.

inflation

an increase in the overall level of prices in the economy

fascism

a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition

Benito Mussolini

Known as "Il Duce" -- the Leader -- Mussolini was the Fascist dictator of Italy during World War II.

March on Rome

A strike "led" by Mussolini (who was no where to be found during this March) in which 30,000 or so Blackshirts marched to Rome and Mussolini was legally put into power

Blackshirts

gangs of fascist thugs who followed Mussolini

Adolf Hitler

started the Holocaust, leader of the Nazi Party, dictator of Germany

Anti-Semitism

hatred of Jews

Communism

economic and political system in which the government takes control of all businesses and property and distributes it equally among the people

appeasement

giving in to the aggressor in order to maintain peace, telling them what they want to hear, letting them get away with it to avoid war

Joseph Stalin

Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)

purge

"cleansing" or "purifying" of any suspicious people that Stalin felt was a threat to him and his country.

gulag

a Russian prison camp for political prisoners

collectives

large farms owned & operated by peasants as a group, but the governent provided tractors, fertilizers, and seed needed

kulaks

wealthy peasants who owned their own farm

Russification

the process of forcing Russian culture on all ethnic groups in the Russian empire

atheism

the belief that there is no god

Gestapo

Nazi secret police

Nuremberg Laws

restrictions on Jews; denied German citizenship and intermarrying with non-Jews

Kristallnacht

A German word for broken glass; an event that occurred on the nights on November 9 and 10 in which Hitler's Nazis encouraged Germans to riot against Jews, and nearly 100 Jews died.

Lebensraum

living space - Hitler's idea that Germany needed to expand.

Final Solution

the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler

Mein Kampf

Hitler's book that he wrote in prison that means "My Struggle"

Social Realism

Its goal was to boost socialism by showing Soviet life in a positive light

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