ART: Mid-term 1.5 -1.10

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Traditional visual arts, such as painting, are inherently static, but artists have always found inventive ways of conveying the elements of ________ and ________.

time . . . motion

When an artist employs visual clues to suggest movement in a work of art that is static and motionless, this is known as ________.

implied motion

When an artist creates a work that deceives our eyes into believing there is motion as time passes, this is called ________.

the illusion of motion

The kind of motion that is created by showing a series of static images in quick succession is called ________.

stroboscopic motion

This spinning toy gives a sense of motion to a viewer when he or she looks through small slits in its cylindrical drum at a strip of changing pictures.

zoetrope

Disney's Finding Nemo is an example of a series of computer-generated images played in rapid
succession. This medium is called ________.

animation

This kind of motion is occurring when we see movement in real life.

actual motion

This type of art can only exist in one place and time in history.

performance art

This medium involves the human body and usually includes the artist.

performance art

Performance artists the Blue Man Group rely on bodily movements to communicate ideas without speech.

True

This type of sculpture can move and change its visual form.

kinetic

Alexander Calder invented the ________, a type of suspended, balanced sculpture that uses air currents to power its movement.

mobile

If Alexander Calder's Untitled mobile was powered by a small motor, rather than air currents, it would not be an example of actual motion.

False

The elements of time and motion are not applicable to the art of photography.

False

What element describes the imposition of order and harmony on a design?

unity

The three kinds of unity are:

compositional, conceptual, gestalt

Compositional unity strikes an interesting balance between the monotony of too much similarity, and the chaos of too much ________ in a work of art.

variety

What principle of art did Katsushika Hokusai employ in "The Great Wave off Shore at Kanagawa" in order to bring harmony to what could otherwise be a very chaotic scene?

unity

An interior design that uses only straight lines might lack the visual interest of a more varied composition

True

Disparate visual elements can be linked together with a common idea. This is ________ unity.

conceptual

The German word that refers to something in which the whole seems greater than the sum of its parts is ________.

gestalt

This is a kind of visual diversity that can bring many different ideas, media, or elements together in one composition.

variety

Variety can ________ a design.

invigorate

An artist creates an artwork made up of many different shapes, all in varying shades of blue. This artwork uses the following principles of art:

unity and variety

Creating visual weight and counterweight is part of an artist's use of the element of ________ in creating a work of art.

balance

________ balance is achieved when both sides of a composition look exactly the same.

symmetrical

. ________ balance is achieved when two halves of a composition are not mirror images of each other.

asymmetrical

If an artist painted a street scene with one large building on the left-hand side, and two smaller buildings on the right-hand side, this would be an example of ________ balance.

asymmetrical

. ________ balance is achieved when all elements in a work of art are equidistant from a central point and repeat in a symmetrical way from side to side and top to bottom.

radial

The kind of scale used for objects that appear larger than they are in real life is called ___ scale.

monumental

An artist might use a small scale for a portrait of a lover because it implies ________.

intimacy

When an artist uses scale to indicate the relative importance of elements in a composition, he or she is employing this kind of scale

hierarchical scale

This type of scale is common in the relief sculpture of ancient Egypt, where it was used to indicate social importance.

hierarchical

This group of artists sometimes used distorted scale to create dreamlike images that subvert our conscious experiences.

Surrealists

An artist would probably use distorted scale if he or she wanted to create a lifelike scene that the viewer could relate to.

False

The relationships between the sizes of different parts of a work make up its ________.

proportions

In two-dimensional art, this is the area in which an artist creates their work.

format

This proportional system uses a ratio of 1:1.618.

Golden Section

It does not matter if a sculptor is creating a human statue on a monumental scale, or a figure much smaller than lifesize: if the sculptor applies the ratio of the Golden Section, the sculpture will have naturalistic proportions.

True

Rectangles based on the Golden Section can be nested inside each other to create an elegant ________.

spiral

Photographers cannot be responsible for principles of scale or proportion in their photographs.

False

Any of the ________ of art can help focus our interest on specific areas of a work of art.

elements

The opposite of emphasis is ________.

subordination

This is the specific part in an area of emphasis to which the viewer's eye is drawn.

focal point

If an artist painted a garden with one red flower in a field of yellow flowers, this would be an example of using color to create contrast. For the viewer, the single red flower would be ________.

a focal point in the artwork

An artwork can have only one focal point.

False

Which two types of line shape our examination of a work of art by directing the movement of our gaze?

actual
implied

The recurrence of a single element in a work of art is called ________.

pattern

The area covered by a pattern is called the ________.

field

A design repeated as a unit in a pattern is called a ________.

motif

This art movement, of which Hans Arp was a member, valued randomness, absurdity, and nonsense over rational or orderly patterns.

Dada

There is rhythm in an artwork when it has at least this many points of reference.

two

A pattern with regular intervals creates ________ rhythm.

a repetitive

The principle of rhythm does not apply to photography.

False

What is the name for any side of a building that is intended to be looked at?

a facade

In the painting The Third of May, 1808, this Spanish artist used alternating rhythm to contrast "good" and "bad.

Francisco Goya

Artemisia Gentileschi worked during this stylistic and historical period.

Baroque

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