purchased pardons from punishment
wrote 95 theses against indulgences
deceased the role of the clergy
The angelic church was formed as a result of
Henry VIII's fight with the pope about his divorce
Calvinists believed that
some people were predestined for salvation
Luther helped popularize his faith by printing a German language bible.
Ptolemy's model of the universe excluded any reference to heaven
was the first country to grant diplomatic recognition to the new American state
offspring of Africans and Europeans
British tax on certain printed materials
after the war, Ottomon lands were divided into
In 1918, Europe was
The "soft underbelly of the axis" referred to
Italy and the Balkans
The U.S. wanted Eastern European nations to be under western control to provide a buffer against soviet invasions.
The Truman Doctrine was part of a plan to stop the spread of communism.
As soviet leader, Krushchev
denounced Stalinist repression and restrictions.
As a welfare state, Great Britain
provided social welfare for citizens
The European Community was formed to resolve differences between nations and prevent wars.
After Franco's Nationalists defeated the Loyalists in the Spanish Civil War, what type of government did spain have?
In the D-Day invasion, the allies surrounded German forces by sending in troops by boat along the coast of Normandy by
sending paratroopers into mainland France
The right to choose one's own religion in the Holy Roman Empire was granted by the
Peace of Augsberg
What did Mary Wollenscraft believe was a natural ingredient for women's happiness?
What did the Constitution of the U.S. do?
It created a federal system of power sharing between the national and state govenments
Austria issued Serbia a ten-part ultimatum in response to
The role of Serbian and slavic nationalists in the assassination of the Austrian Archduke.
what role did women play in war?
They kept their nations' economies going during the war
After Spain's split, Germany and Italy quickly sent aid to the conservative
Which of these is a mutual defense agreement formed by western nations during the beginning of the Cold War?
Germany was successful in recovery after the war, in part because it became
Francesco Petrarch was concerned that his efforts for fame would
ruin his chanc at salvation
What people were unhappy with the printing of thebible?
what country was the first to officially split from the Catholic church?
Who or what did Martin Luther see as the sole religious authority?
what empire did Francisco Pizarro defeat?
Which of the following tactics was used by Francisco Pizarro in defeating the Incan Empire?
Diplomacy, force, and deceit
Modern warfare created
huge numbers of casualties in WW1, as compared to previous wars.
German forces were pushed back at the battle of Marne by
French and British forces
What was the outcome of the battles at Verdun?
Germany and France lost 500,000 soldiers
France maintained an
independent position in European affairs
patron of arts on an island called Mantua
Smaller tribes allied with the
god of the aztecs
conquered the incan Empire
landed in the West Indies in 1492
what role did militarism play in the years before WW1?
European countries focused on building up their military forces
With Russia's retreat from war, Germany was able to concentrate troops on the
according to the Treaty of Versailles, what nation was forced to take responsibility for WW1?
Why was Russia unhappy with the results of the Treaty of Versailles?
It was left out of peace talks
which of the following was not a criticism f the church in the 1500's?
Opponents believed the Church focused too heavily on spirituality and abondoned community