Psyc Test 2

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Semipermiable

The neuron's cell membrane permits some substances to pass through but not others" this is because the membrane is

Brain and spine

A neurologist says that your aunt has a condition affecting her central nervous system. You know from your book that the parts affected are the

Peripheral

Which division of the nervous system is composed of all the nerves that branch from the brain and spinal chord?

sympathetic

Just before you went on a job interview you broke out into a cold sweat, experienced shortness of breath and felt a need to go to the bathroom. These symptoms were most likely produced by you ____ nervous system

Cerebellum

A person who walks in a jerky uncoordinated way may well have a disorder involving the ______

Medulla Oblongata

Which part of the nervous system regulates breathing?

Hind brain

Which subpart of the brain is located at the rear base of the skull?

Cerebral cortex

Conscious experience and voluntary actions are mediated by the ____

Left hemisphere

Broca's area is located in the _____

Broca

The are of the brain that controls the production of speech is the ____ area.

Occipital lobe

The area critical for processing visual information is the _____

Atomic nuclei of the cells

Magnetic resonance imaging is a technique that works by _____

Hemisphere

The two halves of the cerebral cortex are called cerebral ____

Split brain

Cutting the corpus callosum results in a condition that is referred to as ___

Corpus callosum

What is the name of the large bundle of axons that connect the two halves of the brain?

Corpus callosum

Neurosurgeons can reduce the unbearable seizures some epileptics experienced by severing the _____

Nucleus

The cell body contains the _____which directs the manufacture of substances that a neuron needs for growth and maintenance.

Acylecuoliue

Your relative has one of the outstanding characteristics of Alzheimer's disease, which is memory loss. In this individuals's brain there is insufficient production of the neurotransmitter.

Production of endorphins

Running has become a strategically important part of my life. After a good three miles, I begin to feel euphoric. This positive feeling stays with me most of the day. The runner may be describing

Body temperature

One of the important functions of the hypothalamus is _____

Changes personality

The three-foot-spike which damaged the Phineas gage's frontal lobe resulted in

Right side of the body

The left hemisphere of the brain moves ______

Limbic system

An electrode, which stimulates the brain in order to give pleasure is most likely placed in the ______.

Motor

The area of the cerebral cortex, which controls voluntary muscle movement, is the ______.

Actual potential

Another term that describes neural transmission is _____

Alcohol

A newly pregnant woman is warned by a doctor about teratogens. She does not know what these are and wants to look them up in a book. But is unsure where to look. You tell her that the teratogens named in your text include _____

Concern over ethics

You would expect an individual at a higher level of moral development to show an increased in _______

Crisis's

In Erikson's stage theory of development, the stages are known as____

Social emotional

Development psychologists study physical, cognitive, and ______ changes throughout the human life cycle.

Sensory motor

In Piaget's cognitive development theory, the _____ stage occurs during the period of infancy

Sensory motor

In which stage of cognitive development does the child coordinate sensations and motor movements?

Cannot see things from another perspective

Piaget's use of the term egocentric means that the child ___

Concrete operational

You notice that your kids are beginning to form friendship groups or cliques. From this, you could infer that your kids are now in which stage of cognitive development?

Puberty

The process of sexual maturation that takes place at the beginning of adolescence is called ______.

Preoperational / concrete

According to Piaget, egocentrism is to conservation as the _____ stage is to the ____ stage.

2 years after

The average ages of the beginning and the peak of pubertal change in American males occur _____ those events in American females.

Adolescence

Puberty marks the onset of

Have high self esteem and are self reliant

Authoritative parents are likely to have children who _____

Formal thought

An adolescent who hypothesizes and speaks in terms of possibilities may well be functioning in the cognitive stage of _______.

Adolescent egocentrism

Juliet refuses to go to the dance because she has just developed a pimple on her chin and she is sure everyone will talk about it behind her back. Her behavior illustrates.

Continue to be active in meaningful activities

According to research, the happiest older adults are those who ______.

Monkeys were more attached to artificial mothers that were warm and soft

What did the Harlows (1958) discover in their classic study with baby monkeys.

Authoritative

Parents using the ____ parenting style give strict rules to their children with little discussion of the reasons for the rules

Indulgences

Richie's parent place no demands on him and they

Authoritative

Elise demonstrates a parenting style that encourages her children to be independent but still places limits on their behavior. Her parenting is _____

Assimilation / accommodation

Incorporating new information into existing theories is to ____ as modifying existing theories in light of new information is to _______.

Identity

Danette knows she is not at all like her parents. She could never be like them. She is her own unique person. Her style of dress, mannerisms and language emphasize her uniqueness. According to Erikson, Danette is attempting to establish ______.

True

The easy child generally has a positive mood. T/F

False

A newborn cannot imitate facial expressions. T/F

False

Your toddler has emerged into Plaget's preoperational stage of cognitive development. You now expect that she has acquired reversibility.

Sensational

When you see the bright color and round shape of a tomato on the vine in your vegetable garden, smell it's sun - warmed frag

Sensory adaptation

You can't feel the waistband of your underwear (though you ....

Sensory adaptation

You go swimming in cold water... At first you are in agony.

Transduce Light

The main function of rods and cones is to ______

Blind spot in the optic nerve

Near the center of the retina there is a spot where there are no rods and no cones. This is because of a

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