APUSH Ch. 35

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Japanese internment

Carried out through Executive Order 9066, which took many Japanese families away from their homes and into internment camp. Motivated (somewhat) by racisim and fear of spies

Korematsu v. U.S.

1944 Supreme Court case where the Supreme Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans. It was not until 1988 that Congress formally apologized and agreed to pay $20,000 2 each survivor

War Production Board

government agency that decided which companies would make war materials and how to distribute raw materials

Smith-Connally Anti-Strike Act

Authorized federal government to seize and operate tied-up industries.

braceros

Mexican workers that were brought to America to work when so many men and women were gone from home during World War II that there weren't enough workers.

Rosie the Riveter

symbol of American women who went to work in factories during the war

Double V

African-Americans demanded a "Double V" campaign to gain victory over racial discrimination at home as well as over the Axis abroad.

code talkers

Navajo radio operators who helped secure communications in the Pacific

Bataan Death March

Japanese forced about 60,000 of americans and philippines to march 100 miles with little food and water, most died or were killed on the way

Battle of Midway

U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.

Leapfrogging

Allied strategy in the Pacific to focus on less heavily defended islands

D-Day

allied forces under dwight d. eisenhower landed on the beaches of normandy in history's greatest naval invasion.

Tehran Conference

First major meeting between the Big Three (United States, Britain, Russia) at which they planned the 1944 assault on France and agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation after the war

Cairo Conference

November 1943 conference between US, UK and Jiang Jieshi about unconditional surrender of Japan

Yalta Conference

1945 Meeting with US president FDR, British Prime Minister(PM) Winston Churchill, and and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war

V-E Day

May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered

Iwo Jima

One of the Bloodiest battles in the war, a fight to the death for Japanese soldiers, as the Americans were coming closer to Japan

Manhattan Project

code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II

V-J Day

Victory in Japan september 2nd, 1945 treaty signed on S.S. Missouri.

Hiroshima

site of 1st Atomic Bomb, killing 70,000+ Japanease citizens

Nagasaki

site of 2nd Atomic Bomb, killing 40,000+ Japanease citizens

Zoot-suit riots

The Zoot Suit Riots were a series of riots that erupted in Los Angeles, California during World War II, between sailors and soldiers stationed in the city

Casablanca Conference

FDR, churchill met and agreed for only surrender from germany

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