Cell Parts + Functions

14 terms by mbrunelle 

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Nucleus

controls the cell

Nucleolus

Makes ribosomes, maybe more than one in a cell, found in the nucleus.

Chromosomes

traits a living thing will have, passes information from parent to offspring.

Cell Membrane

Gives the cell shape, holds the cytoplasm, and controls what moves into and out of the cell.

Cytoplasm

Jellylike material (cytosol and organelles), cell's chemical reactions take place there, mostly water and some chemicals.

Vacuoles

Liquid-filled, may store food, water, minerals, or wastes, maybe more than one.

Mitochondria

Produces energy when food is broken down, often called the "powerhouse of the cell".

Ribosomes

where proteins are made, and often connected to the endoplasmic reticulum, cell may have thousands

Endoplasmic Reticulum

The "transportation system", connects the nuclear membrane with the cell membrane. Used in detoxification of the cell. "ER"

Centrioles

animal cells, cell reproduction to
help the chromosomes arrange before cell division.

Cell Wall

plant cells, forms a thick outer covering outside the cell membrane, gives the plant support and shape.

Chloroplasts

plant cells, in the cytoplasm of green plants cells, contain chlorophyll, traps the energy from light, and is where photosynthesis takes place.

Lysosomes

digests food particles with enzymes, pinched of pieces
of golgi apparatus

Golgi apparatus

flat stacks, packages and secretes from
cell.

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