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Gerald Ford

president 1974-77, Nixon's Vice president, only person not voted into the White House, appointed vice president by Nixon: became president after Nixon resigned

Jimmy Carter

President who stressed human rights. Because of the Soviet war in Afghanistan, he enacted an embargo on grain shipments to USSR and boycotted the 1980 Olympics in Moscow

Spiro Agnew

Nixon's vice-president resigned and pleaded "no contest" to charges of tax evasion on payments made to him when he was governor of Maryland. He was replaced by Gerald R. Ford.

Dr. Henry A. Kissinger

United States diplomat who served under President Nixon and President Ford (born in 1923)

Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini

Shi'ite philosopher and cleric who led the overthrow of the shah of Iran in 1979 and created an Islamic republic. (p. 859)

Vietnamization

policy of equipping and training of the South Vietnamese to fight for themselves

Nixon Doctrine

the U.S. will not do the majority of fighting in countries threatened by communism, will provide aid

Kent State Incident

shooting of students(protesting invasion of cambodia) by members of the Ohio National Guard

Twenty sixth amendment

an amendment to the US constituion, adoped in 1971 and lowering the voting age from 21 to 18

Pentagon Papers

A 7,000-page top-secret United States government report on the history of the internal planning and policy-making process within the government itself concerning the Vietnam War.

Nixon's visits to China and Russia

Unexpected, only went because

SALT

negotiations between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics opened in 1969 in Helsinki designed to limit both countries' stock of nuclear weapons

Environmental Protection Agency

an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment

Election of 1972

Nixon wins and george Wallace is shot and has to droop out. Because of Watergate ford becomes president.

Withdrawal from Vietnam

Happened almost all at once, JFK retrieved about 50 million troops

Watergate Scandal

a political scandal involving abuse of power and bribery and obstruction of justice

Plumbers

people whose job it was to stop leaks of what Nixon was trying to achieve from being let out of the White House

Nixon Tapes

a collection of recordings of conversations between U.S. President Richard Nixon and various White House staffice in February 1971

Twenty fifth amendment

tells what will happen if the president dies, who succeeds him

Saturday Night Massacre

dismissal of independent special prosecutor Archibald Cox, and the resignations of Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus during the Watergate scandal 1973

Bombing of Cambodia

Led to first general student strike

War Powers Act

Act that grants emergency executive powers to president to run war effort

55 miles per hour

All speed limits made to this to help conserve energy during the energy crisis

Energy Crisis

when Carter entered office inflation soared, due to toe the increases in energy prices by OPEC. In the summer of 1979, instability in the Middle East produced a major fuel shortage in the US, and OPEC announced a major price increase. Facing pressure to act, Carter retreated to Camp David, the presidential retreat in the Maryland Mountains. Ten days later, Carter emerged with a speech including a series of proposals for resolving the energy crisis.

Nixon's pardon

Unexpected, people wanted Nixon to have to suffer the conseqeunces

Election of 1976

Jimmy Carter/democrat vs. Gerald Ford/republican= Carter

Iran Hostages

Iran take over US embassy and held as hostages 52 Americans

SALT II

the second treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks

Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

(1979, Jimmy Carter); purpose-restore pro-Soviet regime; destroyed hopes of Detente and hardened the relations between the US and the Soviet Union; effect- US placed an embargo on the shipment of grain to the Soviet Union

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