US History Chapter 21

24 terms by rduplessis 

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Prohibition

the ban on alcoholic beverages set forth in the 18th Amendment

speakeasy

hidden saloons and nightclubs that served alcohol illegally

bootlegger

smuggler who brought alcohol in from Canada and the Caribbean

Fundamentalism

a religious movement based on the belief that everything written in the Bible is true

Clarence Darrow

In 1925, Darrow defended John Scopes in the "Monkey Trial."

Scopes Trial

John Scopes was found guilty for teaching evolution

flapper

an emancipated young woman of the 1920's who held independent attitudes and liked new fashions

double standard

set of values accepted by society where women have to follow stricter standards than men

Charles A. Lindbergh

the 1st person to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean in his plane, The Spirit of St. Louis

George Gershwin

composer who merged jazz with traditional elements creating music with a new American sound

Georgia O'Keefe

artist who painted in NYC and later the Southwest

Sinclair Lewis

novelist who criticized American society and also won a Nobel Prize

F. Scott Fitzgerald

novelist who coined the term "Jazz Age" and wrote The Great Gatsby

Ernest Hemingway

writer who introduced a tough, simple style of writing that changed American literature

Zora Neale Hurston

woman anthropologist and author who collected the folklore of poor Southern blacks

Marcus Garvey

formed a black nationalist group, the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)

Harlem Renaissance

the artistic and literary movement celebrated by the African-American culture

Claude McKay

poet who wrote about the pain of prejudice

Langston Hughes

poet who used jazz and blues to write about the daily lives of the working class blacks

Louis Armstrong

musician from New Orleans who brought jazz (ragtime & blues) to the North

Duke Ellington

jazz pianist and one of the nation's greatest composers

urbanization

the movement from rural areas to cities

21st Amendment

1933; prohibition repealed officially

Double standard

Women had to follow stricter standards of behavior than men did

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