Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the Constitution that listed citizen's rights and freedoms
American foreign policy that opposed any European interference in the Western Hemisphere, announced by James Monroe.
pioneer wagon route from Missouri to the Oregon Territory in 1840-50s.
Indian Removal Act
1830 Act that called for the government to relocate Native Americans west.
Trail of Tears
tragic journey of Cherokee people from their homeland to Indian Territory in which thousands of Cherokees died.
Jackson's practice of giving government jobs to political supporters.
1791 Bank of the United States
Washington's secretary of the treasury, a loose constructionist.
Texas War for Independence
Texans fought Mexico for independence. Sam Houston in command of the Texas army.
America annexed Texas and Mexico still claimed Texas. U. S. attacked Mexico from two directions and won. Mexico gave the U.S. the following: California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, and parts of New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming.
an all water channel dug out to connect the Hudson River with Lake Erie.
machine invented by Eli Whitney that cleaned cotton much faster and far more efficiently than human workers. (Increased slavery which was not Whitney's goal.)
Robert Fulton. Improved transportation. Could now navigate up river
in late 18th century Britain, factory machines replaced hand tools and manufacturing replaced farming as the main form of work.
a factor that pushes people out of their native lands and pulls them to a new place. (Potato famine in Ireland)
American Know Nothing Party
wanted to ban Catholics and the foreign born from holding office. Called for a cut in immigration and a 21 year wait to become an American Citizen.
Second Great Awakening
the renewal of religious faith in the 1790s and 1800s.
a campaign to stop the drinking of alcohol.