← SC Cases Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- McCulloch v. Maryland
- Palko v. CT
- Grutter v. Bollinger/Gratz v. Bollinger
- Roe v. Wade
- Marbury v. Madison
- a upheld the affirmative action admissions policy
- b Decided some rights are more fundamental than others; applied to selective incorporation
- c When the Constitution conflicts with an act of the legislature, that act is invalid. Also established the Supreme Court's power of judicial review.
- d declared Tx law "abortions are illegal except to save a woman's life" unconstitutional. Woman's right to privacy
- e Constitution is the highest law in the land
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The power to regulate interstate commerce was granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause of the Constitution
- held that the First Amendment applied to public schools, and that administrators would have to demonstrate constitutionally valid reasons for any specific regulation of speech in the classroom.
- SC found that only US citizens could be state citizens & only Congress could confer national citizenship. Reached the conclusion that no person descended from an American slave had ever been a citizen for Article III purposes. The Court then held the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional
- Established miranda warnings and applied 5th amendment to states
- SC ruled that the display was not an effort to advocate a particular religious message and had "legitimate secular purposes." Didn't fail Lemon Test and ruled that the crèche is a passive representation of religion and that the crèche has a legitimate secular purpose within a larger holiday display to celebrate the season and the origins of Christmas which has long been a part of Western culture.
5 True/False Questions
US v. Nixon → crucial precedent limiting the power of any U.S. president.
Griswold v. Connecticut → The power to regulate interstate commerce was granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause of the Constitution
Korematsu v. U.S. → Only SC case to uphold restrictions on civil liberties
Mapp v. OH → Decided some rights are more fundamental than others; applied to selective incorporation
Employment Divison, Department of Human Resources of Oregon v. Smith → SC ruled that because prayer delivered "on school property, at school-sponsored events, over the school's public address system, by a speaker representing the student body, under the supervision of school faculty, and pursuant to a school policy that explicitly and implicitly encourages public prayer" are not private, but public speech. "Regardless of the listener's support for, or objection to, the message, an objective Santa Fe High School student will unquestionably perceive the inevitable pregame prayer as stamped with her school's seal of approval."