Affirmative and Negative Informal Commands

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How do you form informal AFFIRMATIVE commands?

Conjugate the verb into its present tense tú form and remove the final -s.

Where do you place the direct object pronoun with an affirmative command?

It is ATTACHED to the end of the command.

What must be done when a direct object pronoun is used with an affirmative command?

A written accent must be placed on the stressed vowel UNLESS the verb is a single syllable.

Where is a written accent placed on an affirmative command when a direct object pronoun is attached?

on the stressed vowel

When is an accent not written on an affirmative command with a direct object pronoun attached?

when the vowel is one syllable

Comer - Affirmative Command

Come

Calentar - Affirmative Command

Calienta

Escribir - Affirmative Command

Escribe

Jugar - Affirmative Command

Juega

Pedir - Affirmative Command

Pide

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun and the affirmative command:
Abrir el libro.

Ábrelo.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun and the affirmative command:
Probar la torta.

Pruébala.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun and the affirmative command:
Sacar la tarea.

Sácala.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun and the affirmative command:
Llevar Pascual (al partido de fútbol).

Llévalo.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun and the affirmative command:
Servir unos cereales.

Sírvelos.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun and the affirmative command:
Comer las papas fritas.

Cómelas.

What is the statement you can use to remember the irregular affirmative informal command forms?

Oy VE! Princess DI HAZ SÉ-VEN to TEN PONies in her SALon.

Ir - Affirmative Command

Ve

Decir - Affirmative Command

Di

Hacer - Affirmative Command

Haz

Ser - Affirmative Command

Venir - Affirmative Command

Ven

Tener - Affirmative Command

Ten

Poner - Affirmative Command

Pon

Salir - Affirmative Command

Sal

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun and the affirmative command:
Hacer las camas.

Hazlas.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun and the affirmative command:
Poner las zanahorias (en la mesa).

Ponlas.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun and the affirmative command:
Decir la palabra.

Dila.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun:
Pon las servilletas en la mesa.

Ponlas en la mesa.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun:
Pancho abre el libro.

Pancho ábrelo.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun:
Yo voy a hablar el español.

Yo lo voy a hablar.
Yo voy a hablarlo.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun:
Ellos están abriendo la ventana.

Ellos la están abriendo.
Ellos están abriéndola.

How do you form informal NEGATIVE commands?

Conjugate the verb into its present tense yo form and add on the opposite tú ending (-es for -ar verbs & -as for -er verbs).

Where do you place the direct object pronoun with a negative command?

It is placed IN FRONT of the command.

Describe the changes that must be made for certain endings of negative informal commands (once conjugated).

Verbs ending in:
-gar are written gu + the -as or -es ending (before the e)
-car are written qu + the -as or -es ending (before the e)
-zar are written c + the -as or -es ending (before the e)

What word is always present when forming Negative Informal Commands?

"NO"

Accents are written on affirmative informal commands, negative informal commands, or both informal commands when direct object pronouns are used?

Affirmative Informal commands only

Comer - Negative Command

No comas.

Calentar - Negative Command

No calientes.

Escribir - Negative Command

No escribas.

Jugar - Negative Command

No juegues.

Pedir - Negative Command

No pidas.

Sacar - Negative Command

No saques.

Llegar - Negative Command

No llegues.

Empezar - Negative Command

No empieces.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun and the negative command:
Abrir el libro.

No lo abras.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun and the negative command:
Probar la torta.

No la pruebes.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun and the negative command:
Come las papas fritas.

No las comas.

Ir - Negative Command

No vayas.

Decir - Negative Command

No digas.

Hacer - Negative Command

No hagas.

Ser - Negative Command

No seas.

Dar - Negative Command

No des.

Venir - Negative Command

No vengas.

Tener - Negative Command

No tengas.

Poner - Negative Command

No pongas.

Salir - Negative Command

No salgas.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun and the negative command:
Hacer las camas.

No las hagas.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun and the negative command:
Poner las zanahorias (en la mesa).

No las pongas.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun and the negative command:
Decir la palabra.

No la digas.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun:
No pongas las servilletas en la mesa.

No las pongas en la mesa.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun:
Pancho no está abriendo la ventana.

Pancho no la está abriendo.
Pancho no está abriéndola.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun:
Yo no voy a hablar el español.

Yo no lo voy a hablar.
Yo no voy a hablarlo.

Rephrase this sentence using the direct object pronoun:
Mamá no sirve los refrescos.

Mamá no los sirve.

Aprender - Affirmative and Negative Commands

Aprende.
No aprendas.

Bailar - Affirmative and Negative Commands

Baila.
No bailes.

Correr - Affirmative and Negative Commands

Corre.
No corras.

Vivir - Affirmative and Negative Commands

Vive.
No vivas.

Desayunar - Affirmative and Negative Commands

Desayuna.
No desayunes.

Describir - Affirmative and Negative Commands

Describe.
No describas.

Venir - Affirmative and Negative Commands

Ven.
No vengas.

Ir - Affirmative and Negative Commands

Ve.
No vayas.

Salir - Affirmative and Negative Commands

Sal.
No salgas.

Llegar - Affirmative and Negative Commands

Llega.
No llegues.

Empezar - Affirmative and Negative Commands

Empieza.
No empieces.

Buscar - Affirmative and Negative Commands

Busca.
No busques.

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