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Greensboro Sit Ins

Black students politely order food from restaurant, not served, sat in place for days, gathering supporters. successful.

Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee - SNCC

one of the principal organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. It emerged from a series of student meetings led by Ella Baker held at Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina in April 1960. SNCC grew into a large organization with many supporters in the North

Congress of Racial Equality - CORE

US organization that originally played a pivotal role for African-Americans in the Civil Rights Movement. Conservative.

Freedom Rides

One of an interracial group of civil rights activists in the early 1960s who rode buses through parts of the southern United States for the purpose of challenging racial segregation.

Southern Christian Leadership Conference - SCLC

An organization founded by MLK Jr., to direct the crusade against segregation. Its weapon was passive resistance that stressed nonviolence and love, and its tactic direct, though peaceful, confrontation.

James Meredith

James tried to attend the University of Mississippi and encountered violent opposition so Kennedy sent in troops for him to graduate.

De jure and De facto segregation

De Jure- separation of people on the basis of race as required by by law. ....De Facto- Racial separation that exists as a matter of custom rather than as a legal requirement

Affirmative action

Government-mandated programs that seek to create special employment opportunities for blacks, women and other victims of past discrimination.

Watts

A district in Los Angeles where a six day race riot occurred.The riot showed that many blacks were becoming disillusioned with peaceful means.

Black Power

the belief that blacks should fight back if attacked. it urged blacks to achieve economic independence by starting and supporting their own business.

Black Panther Party

A group formed in 1966, inspired by the idea of Black Power, that provided aid to black neighborhoods; often thought of as radical or violent.

Alex Haley - The Autobio. of Malcolm X

Most important nonfiction book of 20th century ; The book contains a substantial amount of thought concerning African-American existence.

Flexible Response

the buildup of conventional troops and weapons to allow a nation to fight a limited war without using nuclear weapons

Missile Gap

The United States and the Soviet Union were involved in a race to discover who had more missiles and war equipment. The missile gap was the difference in how much the United States had compared to how much the Soviet Union had.

Ngo Dinh diem

South Vietnamese president ; strongly opposed communism. Poor leadership and corrupt government.

Tet Offensive

N Vietnamese offensive thru S Vietnam, killing thousands of Am. troops; month-long fighting discouraged Americans of victory

Eugene McCarthy

American politician, he was a U.S. senator who vied for the 1968 Democratic presidential nomination against President Johnson.

Robert Kennedy

He was a Democrat who ran for president in 1968 promoting civil rights and other equality based ideals. He was ultimately assassinated in 1968, leaving Nixon to take the presidency but instilling hope in many Americans.

Hubert Humphrey

LBJ's vice president. won nomination for Democrats ; not presidency. Called for an end to segregation.

James Earl Ray

convicted of killing Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968 and sentenced to 99 years in jail

Kennedy Legacy

"golden age" of JFK's presidency

"the whole word is watching"

iconic chant by antiwar demonstrators outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.

George Wallace

1919-1998. Four time governor of Alabama. Most famous for his pro-segregation attitude and as a symbol for states' rights.

Silent Majority

Phrase used by President Nixon to describe people who suppourted the government's Vietnam policies but did not express their opinons publicly.

Richard Nixon

he was elected to be US President after Johnson decided to not to run for US president again. He promised peace with honor in Vietnam which means withdrawing American soliders from South Vietnam

"Peace with honor"

Nixon's policy of withdrawing from Vietnam, but with honor

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