Chapter 30 Russian Revolution World History

28 terms by tbaird 

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Monarchy

Somebody, especially a king or queen, who rules a state or territory, usually for life and by hereditary right.

Authoritarian

Belonging to or believing in a political system in which obedience to ruling person or group is strongly enforced.

Standard-of-living

The level of material comfort enjoyed by a person, group or society.

Constitutional Monarchy

A political system in which the head of state is a king or queen ruling to the extent allowed by a constitution.

Advent

The arrival of something important or awaited.

Socialism

A political theory or system in which the means of production and distribution are controlled by the people and operated according to equity and fairness. They hope to end private property and the exploitation of workers.

Exile

The unwilling absence from your own country or home, whether enforced by a government or court as a punishment, or imposed for political or religous reasons.

Autocrat

One who has absolute power

Emancipation

The act or process of setting somebody free or of freeing somebody from restrictions.

Serfs

An agricultural worker, especially in feudal Europe, who cultivated land belonging to a landowner, and who was bought and sold with the land.

Proletariat

The class of wage-earning workers in society.

Parliament

The supreme legislative body in various countries.

Conterrevolution

A revolution with the aim of undoing the effects of a previous revolution and overthrowing the government or social system that it produced.

Carpathian Mountains

Mountain system in Eastern Europe situated along the border between Slovakia and Poland and extending southward through the Ukraine.

Fraternization

To spend time with other people socially,especially people with whom you should not be friendly.

Annexation

The incorporation of territory into another counrty, state, or other political entity.

Indemnities

A compensation paid for loss or damage.

Legitimate

Complying with recognized rules, standards, or traditions.

Soviet

A council in the early political organization of the Russian Revolution, based on the council of workers formed to seize city government in Petrograd in 1917.

Moderate

Not extreme or radical, iin terms of political philosophy.

Bolsheviks

A member of the radical group with the Russian Socialist Party that became the Communist Party in 1918.

Self-Determination

The right of people to determine its own form of government without interference from outside.

Nationalize

To transfer a business, property, or industry form private to governmental control or ownership.

Marxism

The political and economic theories of Karl Marx in which class struggle is a central element in the analysis of social change in Western societies. Marx was in favor of developing a classless society, everyone is equal.

Politburo

The executive and policymaking committee of governing Communist Party.

Federal

Relating to a form of government in which several states or regions defer certain powers to a central government while retaining some measure of self-government.

Totalitarian

Relating to or operating a centralized government system in which a single party without opposition rules over political, economic, social, and cultural life.

Bureaucrats

An administrative of government official.

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