Fine Arts

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While Doric order existed in the mainland of Greece and in the west, Ionic order mainly existed in

A) Sicily and Italy
B) Paros and Naxos
C) The Angean Islands and on the coast of Asia Minor
D) Attica and Delphi

The Angean Islands and on the coast of Asia Minor

Although destroyed during the conversion into a church in the 17th century, Pausanias says the east pediment of the Parthenon depicts

A) Poseidon arguing with Athena
B) Apollo's horses
C) The birth of Athena
D) the gate of Athens

The birth of Athena

Each of the metopes on the Parthenon illustrate a

A) Birth
B) Celebration
C) Death
D) Conflict

Conflict

The east metopes of the Parthenon portray

A) Amazonomachy
B) Gigantomachy
C) Illioupersis
D) all of the above

Gigantomachy

How long is the Parthenon's frieze?

A) 525 feet
B) 370 feet
C) 630 feet
D) 255 feet

525 feet

It was typical for scenes on sculpture on temples to depict scenes of

A) Historical wars
B) Cult activity
C) mythology
D) none of the above

Mythology

The frieze of the Parthenon illustrates a procession of Athenians doing which of the following?

A) bearing offerings
B) leading sacrificial victims
C) riding on horseback
D) all of the above

All of the above

The occasion taking place during the procession depicted on the Parthenon frieze is

A) the Gigantomachy of the peplos
B) Panathenaia
C) the sacrifice by King Erechtheus
D) uncertain

Uncertain

Which would have been the first sculptures done for the Parthenon

A) the metopes
B) the frieze
C) the pediments
D) the entablatures

The Metopes

What is the Parthenon made of?

A) Limestone
B) Pentelic marble
C) mudbrick
D) tiles

Pentelic marble

The design of the Parthenon was done by which two architects?

A) Pikionis and Decavallas
B) Libon and Metaxas
C) Iktinos and Kallikrates
D) Ziller and Rizos

Iktinos and Kallikrates

The design of the Parthenon is governed by a ratio of

A) 2:3
B) 7:5
C) 1:2
D) 9:4

9:4

The sculpture done on the pediments of the Parthenon were carved in

A) high relief
B) free standing
C) the round
D) low relief

The round

The figures sculpted on the metopes of the Parthenon were carved in

A) high relief
B) free-standing
C) the round
D) low relief

High relief

The Parthenon combined elements from which two orders?

A) Corinthian and Doric
B) Doric and Ionic
C) Ionic and Corinthian
D) The Parthenon only included Doric elements

Doric and Ionic

The columns of the Temple of Apollo are of

A) Doric order
B) Ionic order
C) Corinthian order
D) both A and B are correct

Doric order

The Temple of Athena was used for worshiping deities associated with

A) fertility
B) health
C) agriculture
D) wars

Wars

The columns of the Temple of Athena are of

A) Doric order
B) Ionic order
C) Corinthian order
D) both A and B are correct

Ionic

How many columns line the east and west sides of the Temple of Athena

A) 4
B) 9
C) 7
D) 5

4

Ionic temples usually follow a column height to length ratio of

A) 7:1
B) 9:4
C) 9:1
D) 7:5

9:1

The columns of the Temple of Athena were governed by a ratio of

A) 7:1
B) 9:4
C) 9:1
D) 7:5

7:1

The sculpture on the east frieze of the Temple of Athena included all of the following gods EXCEPT

A) Zeus
B) Athena
C) Poseidon
D) Apollo

Apollo

The Stoa of Attalos is typical of the

A) Archaic age
B) Classical age
C) Hellenistic age
D) all of the above

Hellenistic age

How many stories tall is the Stoa of Attalos?

A) 5
B) 3
C) 2
D) 1

2

The Stoa of Attalos has features of the

A) Doric order
B) Ionic order
C) Corinthian order
D) both A and B are correct

both A and B are correct

Who was known as The Father of Music Theory in Greece?

A) Pythagoras
B) Archytas
C) Plato
D) Orpheus

Pythagoras

Music was almost always performed in combination with...

A) Interpretive dance
B) An art/sculpture reveal
C) A poetry reading
D) All of the above

All of the above

Dorian modes were known as being...

A) Sensual
B) Calming
C) Energetic
D) Harsh

Harsh

Which of the following best describes the style of ancient Greek music?

A) systematic and mathematically based
B) spontaneous and free flowing
C) purposeful and functional
D)"feel good" music

Systematic and mathematically based

Who was responsible for discovering a link between music and mathematics?

A) Orpheus
B) Plato
C) Pythagoras
D) Socrates

Pythagoras

The ______ was a string instrument used by the Greeks. This instrument was commonly strummed, and built with a tortoise shell.

A) Kithara
B) Lyre
C) Aulos
D) Guitar

Lyre

The Kithara produced a sound much like the...

A) Guitar
B) Piano
C) Flute
D) Banjo

Guitar

Music was common in which of the following events?

A) religious ceremonies
B) leisure activities
C) Pythian Games
D) all of the above

All of the above

The Greeks used music as a philosophical understanding of how the universe was constructed.

A) True
B) False

True

According to Greek mythology who was responsible for inventing the lyre?

A) Apollo
B) Hercules
C) Orpheus
D) Hermes

Hermes

The Greeks considered music to be...

A) an art used for entertainment
B) a scientific process
C) a means of expressing poetry
D) all of the above
E) none of the above

None of the above

The term Melos refers to...

A) music as entertainment
B) music as a spiritual outreach
C) music as a performing art
D) music as a mathematical science

Music as a performing art

Who believed that numbers were the key to the universe and that music and numbers were inseparable?

A) Pythagoras
B) Plato
C) Aristotle
D) Apollo

Pythagoras

Plato and Aristotle said that what should be taught in order to discipline the MIND?

A) music
B) art
C) gymnastics
D) mathematics

Music

Plato and Aristotle said that what should be taught in order to discipline the BODY?

A) music
B) art
C) gymnastics
D) mathematics

Gymnastics

Greek writers believed that music could affect...

A) all aspects of life
B) tendency towards particular diseases
C) pathos
D) ethos

Ethos

Ethos is defined as...

A) one's intellectual capacity
B) one's moral character
C) the unification of parts into an orderly whole
D) the musical counterpart to lyrics

One's moral character

Greek philosophers believed that the human soul was kept in harmony via...

A) music
B) artful expression
C) numerical relationships
D) athletic use of the body

Numerical relationships

Because music is based on a mathematical system it was believed that it could...

A) restore inner harmony
B) enhance intellectual thinking
C) prevent chronic disease
D) not be used to reach the gods

Restore inner harmony

Plato wrote _______, where he expressed his musical theories and discoveries.

A) Republic
B) Politics
C) Harmonia
D) Poetics

Republic

True or False: Plato encouraged musical pieces to be complex and have a mix of rhythms and instruments.

False

Some Greek philosophers believed that musical rules should never be changed. Why?

A) Changing conventions would ruin the sacred quality of music.
B) For fear of upsetting the harmonious balance of the soul.
C) It would lead to anarchy.
D) all of the above
E) none of the above

It would lead to anarchy

Aristotle believed that music should be played for...

A) self pleasure
B) pleasure of others
C) self improvement
D) none of the above
E) all of the above

Self improvement

Who was Aristoxenus?

A) Aristotle's son
B) the Greek god of music
C) a critic of Aristotle
D) a pupil of Aristotle

The pupil of Aristotle

What knowledge was gained from Aristoxenus' Rhythmic Elements?

A) Aristotle's theory of music and mathematics was inaccurate.
B) Rhythm in music and poetic rhythm was closely related.
C) Music could be used to harmonize the soul.
D) Different rhythms should not be mixed because it will upset ethos.

Rhythm in music and poetic rhythm was closely related

Which of the following was responsible for the development of musical duration as units in time?

A) Aristotle
B) Aristoxenus
C) Plato
D) Pythagoras

Aristoxenus

What is diastematic movement?

A) a series of two or more pitches
B) movement of voice based on particular notes
C) sustained pitches separated by intervals
D) a continuous movement of voice

Sustained pitches separated by intervals

Who introduced the terms notes, interval, and scale?

A) Plato
B) Aristoxenus
C) Pythagoras
D) Aristotle

Aristoxenus

What instrument was used in the worship of Dionysus?

A) Aulos
B) Lyre
C) Krotala
D) Syrinx

Aulos

The ____ was typically played in pairs with a varied pitch between the two.

A) Syrinx
B) Lyre
C) Aulos
D) Keras

Aulos

Several great tragedies created for the Dionysian festivals in Athens were driven by the sound of what instrument?

A) Syrinx
B) Lyre
C) Aulos
D) Keras

Aulos

Which Greek god was associated with the lyre?

A) Hermes
B) Python
C) Dionysus
D) Apollo

Apollo

Learning to the play the _____ was considered a core part of education in Athens.

A) Syrinx
B) Lyre
C) Aulos
D) Keras

Lyre

The lyre was used for all of the following...

A) Weddings
B) Recreation
C) Recitation of epic poetry
D) all of the above
E) none of the above

All of the above

Ancient Greeks played music based off of memory and improvisation.

A) True
B) False

True

Which instrument could be defined as an Ancient Greek reed instrument, usually played in pairs?

A) Lyre
B) Keras
C) Aulos
D) Syrinx

Aulos

The outer notes of the tetrachord were...

A) Stationary in pitch
B) Flexible in pitch
C) Used to create different genera
D) Always at the bottom

Stationary in pitch

The inner two notes of the tetrachord were...

A) Stationary in pitch
B) Flexible in pitch
C) Used to create different genera
D) Always at the bottom

Used to create different genera

Tetrachords were most often set up
with...

A) smallest intervals at the bottom & largest in the middle
B) largest intervals at the bottom & smallest in the middle
C) largest intervals at the top & smallest at the bottom
D) smallest intervals at the top & largest intervals at the bottom

Largest intervals at the top and smallest at the bottom

What characteristic is true of the diatonic tetrachord?

A) it included a semitone and one whole tone
B) it included two whole tones and a semitone
C) it included a tone and a half and other semitones
D) it included multiple semitones

It included two whole tones and a semitone

What characteristic is true of the enharmonic tetrachord?

A) the top interval was made up of quarter-tones while the lower interval was made up of two tones.
B) the top interval was made up of two tones while the lower interval was made up of quarter-tones
C) the top & bottom intervals were made up of quarter-tones
D) the top & bottom intervals were made up of two tones

The top interval was made up of two tones while the lower interval was made up of quarter-tones

Which genus did Aristoxenus describe as the most refined and difficult to hear?

A) tetrachord
B) diatonic
C) chromatic
D) enharmonic

enharmonic

The _____genus was the oldest and most natural of the genera.

A) chromatic
B) enharmonic
C) diatonic
D) diastematic

Diatonic

How many genera existed?

A) One
B) Three
C) Fifteen
D) unlimited, each note change represented a different genera

Three

The system of genera was based on...

A) personal choices made by the musician
B) a designated set of rules
C) mathematics
D) the situation in which the music was played

A designated set of rules

Higher tones were associated with...

A) Passion
B) Happiness
C) Rest
D) Energy

Energy

A ____ is a scale or set of pitches within a specific range of region of voice.

A) Ethos
B) Tetrachord
C) Tonos
D) Genus

Tonos

Like harmonia, toni were associated with...

A) the tempo of which the music was played
B) the mood of the music
C) the character of the music
D) all of the above
E) none of the above

All of the above

When two tetrachords shared a note they were considered?

A) combined
B) conjunct
C) fused
D) correlated

Conjunct

When two tetrachords were separated by a whole note they were considered?

A) separated
B) disjunct
C) distinct
D) un-correlated

Disjunct

What was the Greater Perfect System?

A) four tetrachords plus an added lowest note
B) four tetrachords plus an added highest note
C) four separate tetrachords in a row that varied in tone
D) four separate tetrachords in a row that varied in pitch

Four tetrachords plus an added lowest note

What term was used to identify the middle note of a system?

A) mese
B) meson
C) toni
D) proslambanomenos

Mese

What term was used to identify the last note of a Greater Perfect System?

A) mese
B) meson
C) toni
D) proslambanomenos

Proslambanomenos

What was the Lesser Perfect System?

A) four tetrachords plus an added lowest note
B) four tetrachords plus an added highest note
C) a system with only one combined tetrachord
D) a system with only one separated tetrachord

A system with only one combined tetrachord

For the Greeks music was used as art and...

A) an outlet into the scientific world
B) leisure activity
C) an outlet to the gods
D) used to created public order

An outlet into the scientific world

Because of great disagreement amongst philosophers it is difficult to determine what early Greek music sounded like.

A) True
B) False

False

Most of the knowledge about early Greek music was acquired through...

A) Books written by philosophers
B) an abundance of music manuscripts
C) recordings of performances
D) All of the above

Books written by philosophers

All of the following offered information about musical style except...

A) literature
B) graphic art
C) archeological findings
D) recordings

Recordings

Which of the following instruments would fall under the category of idiophone?

A) aulos
B) syrinx
C) rattle
D) flute

Rattle

Early Greek music was most likely...

A) simple and straight forward
B) complex and detailed
C) strictly instrumental
D) a combination of voice and instrument

A combination of voice and instrument

The rattle is an example of which type of instrument?

A) Idiophone
B) membranophone
C) xylophone
D) aerophone

Idiophone

Part of the Pythagorean theory was in regards to...

A) mathematics
B) the harmony of spheres
C) tetrachords
D) the use of scales

The harmony of spheres

Syrinx is to aerophone as lyre is to...

A) aerophone
B) idiophone
C) xylophone
D) chordophone

Chordophone

The Krotala was used...

A) to harmonize with other instruments
B) to keep rhythm
C) to silence a crowd before the performance
D) to add intensity to a poetry reading

To keep rhythm

The _____were the percussion instruments of the Greek world.

A) aerophones
B) idiophones
C) membranophones
D) chordophones

Idiophones

_____ were cymbals worn on the fingers.

A) krotala
B) kroupala
C) kumbala
D) seistron

Kunbala

Why are only a limited number of pieces available for study today?

A) the music center of Greek was burned down during war
B) the Greeks did not want their musical findings to be released or found by the world
C) music was performed off of memorization not written notation
D) the papyrus has been destroyed over time

Music was performed off of memorization not written notation

Which of the following had higher respect in Greek culture?

A) Mathematics
B) Vocals
C) Instrumentals
D) Combination of Vocals and Instrumentals

Vocals

Because of its appearance on drinking cups the _____ had a stereotype of mystery and celebration.

A) Krotala
B) Lyre
C) Rattles
D) Aulos

Krotala

What is the best known Greek instrument today?

A) Krotala
B) Lyre
C) Rattles
D) Aulos

Lyre

Aulos is to Oboe as Lyre is to...

A) drums
B) piano
C) guitar
D) violin

Guitar

The Lyre was popular in...

A) free spirited celebrations
B) religious communities
C) low class individuals
D) high class individuals

High class individuals

Knowing how to play the ____ gave a reputation of intelligence.

A) Psalteria
B) Lyre
C) Aulos
D) Syrinx

Lyre

What was the most commonly used wind-instrument?

A) Aulos
B) Syrinx
C) Hydraulis
D) Salpinx

Aulos

The Aulos produced a sound much like...

A) a singing voice
B) the modern day flute
C) a chirping bird
D) the lyre

A singing voice

What Greek god invented the Aulos?

A) Hermes
B) Athena
C) Dionysus
D) Apollo

Athena

The Aulos was frequently used..

A) in theater
B) at weddings
C) to accompany dancers
D) all of the above
E) none of the above

All of the above

What two god's were leaders of musical cults?

A) Apollo & Plato
B) Apollo & Dionysus
C) Plato & Dionysus
D) Plato & Aristotle

Apollo and Dionysus

Who believed that in order to be the "right" kind of person you had to listen to the "right" kind of music?

A) Plato
B) Apollo
C) Aristotle
D) Socrates

Aristotle

What instrument was preferred by Plato & Aristotle?

A) Psalteria
B) Syrinx
C) Aulos
D) Lyre

Aulos

Where were the cult centers of Apollo located?

A) Athens, and Crete
B) Greece, Delphi and Delos
C) Greece and Athens
D) Delos and Athens

Greece, Delphi and Delos

What was the title of Apollo's cult?

A) Delphinios
B) Apollians
C) Pythians
D) Smintheus

Delphinios

The cult of Dionysus consisted of...

A) mostly men
B) mostly women
C) musicians
D) rich men and women

Mostly women

The cult of _____ was known for consuming wine and having secretive night meetings.

A) Aristotle
B) Plato
C) Apollo
D) Dionysus

Dionysus

Bull roarers got there name because...

A) they produced a roaring noise using friction from the air
B) they were used to tame/control bulls
C) all of the above
D) none of the above

They produced a roaring noise using friction from the air

Which instrument was frequently used in war to frighten opponents?

A) Kroupala
B) Aulos
C) Rhoptron
D) Bull roarers

Rhoptron

The _____ was strongly associated with mystery, excitement and vigorous celebration.

A) Rhoptron
B) Kroupala
C) Lyre
D) Krotala

Krotala

Why are Krotala associated with Dionysus?

A) the krotala was often played alongside the lyre
B) they are often depicted in drinking cups
C) they included in remaining works from his cult
D) none of the above

They are often depicted in drinking cups

The ______ was used to keep tempo and rhythm during a musical piece or performance.

A) krotala
B) kroupala
C) Seistron
D) Salpinx

Kroupala

The Kroupala produced a harder, shaper sound than the...

A) lyre
B) krotala
C) seistron
D) salpinx

Krotala

Kumbala were popular among...

A) school children
B) religious music
C) festivals and celebrations
D) women dancers

Women dancers

Which of the following instruments is commonly associated with Egyptian culture?

A) Krotala
B) Kumbala
C) Salpinx
D) Seistron

Seistron

The Seistron was commonly used to...

A) keep time during dance performances
B) amuse sleepless infants
C) add depth to a musical piece
D) none of the above

Amuse sleepless infants

In regards to sound, Rhombos refers to...

A) the sound of a horn
B) chiming or banging
C) whirling or rumbling
D) stomping

Whirling and rumbling

The _______ was identified by its rising and falling pitch.

A) Rhombos
B) Lyre
C) Kroupala
D) Aulos

Rhombos

The pitch of a Rhombos was altered by...

A) the speed witch which air was blown into it
B) the covering of various holes, like a flute
C) the temperature of the air blown into it
D) the speed with which it was spun

The speed with which it was spun

The _____ is a hollow instrument with only one opening.

A) Kroupala
B) Rhombos
C) Rhoptra
D) Krotala

Rhoptra

The Rhoptra made a ______ sound.

A) high pitched, cheerful
B) dead, hollow
C) low, ominous
D) smooth, soothing

Dead, hollow

Cults of Dionysus were found in...

A) Phrygia & Thrace
B) Athens & Crete
C) Greece, Delphi & Delos
D) Asia

Phrygia & Thrace

The Aulos was a ...

A) reed instrument
B) flute
C) type of drum
D) string instrument

Reed instrument

How many finger holes did the original Aulos have?

A) 2
B) 4
C) 5
D) varied

4

The Aulos could be played without a mouth piece. True or False

False

How was the pitch of an Aulos determined?

A) by the length of the resonator
B) by the number of holes
C) by the length of the reed
D) by the speed of the wind blown into it

The length of the reed

What were Aulos reeds made from?

A) Plant leaves
B) The Cyprus plant
C) Bamboo
D) Tree Bark

The Cyprus plant

Which of the following instruments were used by shepherds in the fields?

A) Aulos
B) Syrinx
C) Kroupala
D) Keras

Syrinx

The Greeks viewed which two instruments as "foreign"?

A) Rhombus & Rhoptra
B) Kroupala & Krotala
C) Lyre & Kithera
D) Syrinx & Aulos

Syrinx and Aulos

The creation of the Syrinx is credited to...

A) Celtic people
B) Cybele
C) Hermes
D) unknown

Unknown

In regards to the Syrinx, Tone intervals varied by...

A) distance between pipes
B) Length of the pipes
C) Reed Material
D) Reed length

Distance between pipes

In regards to the Syrinx, Pitch varied by...

A) distance between pipes
B) Length of the pipes
C) Reed Material
D) Reed length

Length of the pipes

Which of the following instruments was known as a syrinx played by the hands?

A) Salpinx
B) Aulos
C) Hydraulis
D) Kumbala

Hydraulis

Salpinx is to trumpet as Hyraulis is to...

A) piano
B) oboe
C) harp
D) organ

Organ

Which of the following instruments were used as signals in battle?

A) Hydraulis
B) Aulos
C) Salpinx
D) Kroupala

Salpinx

Most ancient Greek music that is around today exists on...

A) papyri
B) stone
C) recordings
D) none of the above

Papyri

How was papyrus used to preserve music?

A) it was fossilized onto stone that was later found
B) because it is plant based it did not break down over time
C) both of the above
D) none of the above

Because it is plant based it did not break down over time

The Ancient Greeks method of organizing pitches, scales and melodies differs from the methods used today. True or False

True

The oldest surviving documents of Ancient Greek music dates back to...

A) the Hellenistic Period
B) Roman Era
C) Archaic Greece
D) Classical Greece

The Hellenistic Period

It is difficult to study Ancient Greek music because..

A) many terms were used and can be difficult to follow
B) there are a limited number of works that survive today
C) oldest surviving pieces only go back so far in history
D) All of the above
E) None of the above

All of the above

Ancient Greeks often used multiple words to describe the same musical element. True or False

True

The history of Greek music begins with...

A) Homer
B) Plato
C) Dionysus
D) Apollo

Homer

Music was used as a cross cultural bond in Ancient Greece. True or False

True

The Temple at Segesta is of

A) Doric Order
B) Ionic Order
C) Corinthian order
D) both A and B are correct

Doric order

There is evidence that the Temple at Segesta was

A) reconstructed many times
B) unfinished
C) completed by 410 BC
D0 none of the above are correct

Unfinished

The Temple at Sagesta was built by the

A) Elymians
B) Phoenicians
C) Greeks
D) Ligurians

Elymians

How many columns are employed in the Temple at Sagesta?

A) 24
B) 42
C) 36
D) 39

36

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