Texas paid _____with the money it received for selling land to the U.S.
They killed off buffalo
What problems did new settlers cause for the Native Americans?
How did most settlers use their land?
In a free enterprise system, producers and consumers have the right to what?
to work on plantations
Settlers brought slaves to Texas to do what?
Most enslaved African Americans worked as what?
cotton was exported to European countries
Plantation owners grew wealthy in the 1850s because?
Southerners needed more slaves
As a result of the success of plantations, what happened?
states can reject a law
What does the term "states rights" mean?
They thought everyone should obey the same laws
What did people in the north think about "states rights"?
Who was elected President of the U.S. in 1860?
to block ships from getting in or out
In Texas, what was the purpose of the blockades of the ports in the Fulf of Mexico during the Civil War?
The Union won -- Robert E Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant
How did the civil war end? Who surrendered to whom?
They learned they were free
What did the African Americans find out after the war was over?
What was difficult for almost everyone?
How to farm without slaves
What did many Texas farmers have to learn during reconstruction?
helped African Americans find jobs, homes, and started schools
Name 3 things the Freedmen's Bureau did?
Settlers moved onto their land and killed buffalo and other animals which the Native Americans needed for food and trade.
Tell the reasons conflicts arose between new settlers and Native Americans
They had no rights. They were bought and sold. They were forced to work without pay. Most were field laborers.
What was life like for enslaved African Americans?
Many southern Anglo-Americans wanted slavery. They thought they couldn't grow crops without slave labor. Many northern people thought everyone should be free.
What was the difference between northern and southern ideas about slavery?
African Americans first heard they were free on June 19, 1865. On June 19, 1866, they celebrated their freedom. The tradition continues today.
Why do African American Texans celebrate Juneteenth?