Chapter 5 - Adlerian Therapy

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Adler taught that we must successfully master three universal life tasks. Which of the following is not one of these tasks?

Enhancing wellness

Which is are true concerning one's style of life?

All people have a lifestyle, but no two people develop exactly the same style; the lifestyle is largely set by the age of 6; one's style of life is a reaction to perceived inferiority; and one's style of life is learned from early interactions in the family.

Which of the statements about social interest is true?

While Adler considered social interest to be innate, he also believed that it must be learned, developed, and used.

Dr. Jones told Emily that her efforts to overcome her fear of test taking at school will most likely lead her to outperform all of her classmates one day. This intervention was

inappropriate because Dr. Jones was confusing Adler's self-esteem and academic self-concept.

The purpose of examining a client's family constellation is

to get a picture of the individual's early social world.

The term "social interest" refers to

an individual's attitude in dealing with the social world, a sense of identification and empathy with others; striving for a better future for all humans.

The statement "Only when I receive everyone's approval will I be whole" is an example of

a guiding self-ideal.

All of the following are stages in Adlerian counseling except

analysis of resistance

The process of encouragement in Adlerian counseling includes

helping clients use all their resources; transforming traits that can be liabilities into assets; helping clinets recognize and accept their positive qualities.

An Adlerian therapist asks for the client's earliest recollections in order to

discover goals and motivations; reveal their beliefs and basic mistakes; and give clues as to the development of that individual's lifestyle.

According to Adlerians, inferiority feelings

create motivation to achieve mastery.

Dr. Kane pointed out to her client John that his feelings of inadequacy at work seem reminiscent of the feelings he experience in his family of origin. It is probable that Dr. Kane

was looking for continuity by paying attention to themes running through John's life.

Adlerians vew the use of techniques in counseling as

geared to the phase of therapy and the needs of the client.

Which of the following is not used in Adlerian family counseling

analyzing resistances between members of the family.

Adlerian therapy has a phenomenological orientation. Thus, the therapist attempts to view the world

from the client's frame of reference.

Which of the following statements is not true about Alfred Adler?

His early childhood was happy.

When Adler spoke of individuality, he referred to

the unique way we develop our own style for competence.

"Fictional finalism" is an Adlerian term meaning

an imagined central goal that guides our behavior.

In helping clients to examine their mistaken foals and faulty assumptions, an Adlerian therapist does not use

interpretation of the transference relationship.

Which of the following aspects are assessed when exploring a child's family constellation

birth order, interactions between siblings and parents, the child's psychological position in the family.

Which of the following is not true about Adlerian concept of "private logic"?

It is the result of the feelings and emotions we experience in our daily lives.

Adler choose the name ____________ for his theorital approach because:

Individaul Psychology; he wanted to avoid reductionism.

Which of these statements is not true about Alfred Adler?

Alfred Adler has been critized by intellectuals for failing to give his brother Edmund due credit for helping him develop his theory.

Adler pioneered the practice of teaching professionals through live demonstrations with parents and children before large audiences. This is now called

"open-forum" family counseling.

One contribution of Adlerian therapy is that

practitioners are given a great deal of freedom in withing with their clients.

Who is primarily credited with popularizing and extending Adler's work by applying Adlerian principles to group work?

Rudolph Dreikurs

Which of the following did Adler not stress?

focus on early childhood experiences as determinants of later personality functioning.

Which child is most likely to demand center stage, tends to have difficulties in life when he or she is no longer the center of attention, and is likely to become dependently tied to the mother?

the only child

Which child tends to feel squeezed out and may develop a conviction that lie is unfair and a feeling of being cheated?

the middle child

All of the following are life tasks tat Adler taught we must successfully master except for :

achieving self-actualization

The client's core experience in Adlerian therapy consists of

discovering their basic mistakes and learning how to correct them.

Which of the following would an Adlerian therapist particularly value?

modeling of communication and acting in socially minded ways.

The premise of Adlrian group work is that

clients' problems are usually of a social nature.

When counseling couples, Adlerian therapists strive to

create solutions for problems, increase the couple's choices, help the couple discoverr their collective resources, and enhance the couple's communication.

The Adlerian approach is well suited to multicultural counseling because

the approach encourages clients to define themselves within their social context.

Adler's Individual Psychology was largely influenced by

his early childhood experiences and his major rejection of Freud's biologically driven view of human nature.

Adler believed that human behavior is

motivated by social urges and purposeful and goal-directed

In Adlerian counseling, the client/therapist relationship is characterized by

cooperation and respect and equality.

Which of the following is not one of the five basic tasks Adler says er must master?

intellectual development

Adlerians believe that discouragement

is the basic condition that prevents people from functioning and can be overcome by encouragement.

During the phase of analysis and assessment, the Adlerian therapist

explores the family constellation and asks for early recollections.

Reorientation, the fourth phase of Adlerian therapy, involves

putting insights into action and helping clients see new alternatives.

One way that clients in Adlerian therapy are encouraged to change is

by "acting as if" they were already the way they want to be.

Alfred Adler believed that what we are born witj is not as important as what we choose to do with the abilities and limitations we possess.

True

Adlerians have a teleological view of human nature.

True

According to Adler, perfetion, not pleasure, is the goal of life.

True

Adlerian therapists pay careful focus to techniques and work in structured, set ways.

False

Adler maintained that individuals attempt to overcome feelings of basic inferiority by developing a lifestyle in which success is possible.

True

In Adler's view we can be fully understood only in light of knowing the purposes and goals toward which we are striving.

True

Adlerians maintain that change is not possible without insight; understanding the cause of one's problems is a prerequisite to behavioral change.

False

Adlerian counseling fouces on the family constellation and the influence of the family on the individual.

True

Encouragement is a part of the Adlerian counseling process.

True

Adlerians typically do not use techniques of interpretation, for they believe that clients can make their own interpretations without the therapist intervention.

False

From the Adlerian perspective, objective reality is more important than how we interpret reality and the meanings we attach to what we experience.

False

Alderians emphasize reeducating people and reshaping society.

True

For Adlerian counselors, techniques are helpful when adapted to the needs of the client.

True

By discussing a client's earliest recollections, an Adlerian counselor hopes to bring unconscious conflicts to the surface.

False

Adler stressed that our desire to strive for perfection is learned from our parents.

False

One Adlerian concept is that everything we do is influenced by our style of life.

True

"Fictional finalism" is a term that Adlerians use to describe our attitude in dealing with the social world.

False

Clients are viewed by Adlerian therapists as "sick" and in need of a cure.

False

The concept of lifestyle refers to an individual's core belieds and assumptions through which the person organizes his or her reality and finds meaning in life events.

True

Adlerians maintain that the priorities we choose arise from our personality strengths.

False

Adlerian views of birth order and family constellation are highly relevant to individuals from all cultural contexts.

False

Research supporting the effectiveness of the Adlerian approach is limited.

True

The Adlerian approach has a wide variety of applications including group and family therapy.

True

The Adlerian approach to parent education emphaszes listening to children.

True

Adlerian couples therapists use a psychoeducational approach.

True

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