Economic aid plan to revitalize Europe after WWII and help prevent contain Communism since weak economies were susceptible to Communism
Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
Russia's refusal to meddle with these countries caused the Cold War; "Red Hot Chilli Peppers Burn" = Romania, Hungary, Czech. Poland and Bulgaria
American diplomat and ambassador best known as "the father of containment" and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War.
line of latitude that separated North and South Korea
General Douglas MacArthur
famous American general of WWII; drove back North Korean invaders during the Korean War
a war fought to achieve a limited objective, such as containing communism
(Southeast Asia Treaty Org.) U.S., Britain, France, Pakistan, Thailand, the Philippines, Australia, and New Zealand to stop Soviet agression in East
The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) was an investigating committee which investigated what it considered un-American propaganda & Communists
Group of people in the film industry who were jailed for refusing to answer congressional questions regarding Communist influence in Hollywood
A former State Department official who was accused of being a Communist spy and was convicted of perjury. The case was prosecuted by Richard Nixon.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Executed in 1953 of passing plans for the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union.
unscrupulously accusing people of disloyalty (as by saying they were Communists); term by Senator Joseph McCarthy
required all communists to register with the government
Eisenhower's defense policy, advocating the use of nuclear weapons to counteract even a Soviet ground attack in Europe
1956, Nasser (leader of Egypt) nationalizes Suez Canal --> British, French and Israeli forces invade Egypt. --> UN forced British to withdraw --> made it clear Britain was no longer a world power
overthrown in Iran by CIA in 1953 & replaced by Shah of Iran
United Fruit Company
when the govt. of Guatemala tried to seize the company's land, the US govt. got involved and overthrew the govt.
Jacobo Arbenz Guzman
reformer who was president of guatemala from 1951 to 1954 thanks to United Fruit Company's coup
ruled the USSR from 1958-1964; denounced Stalin in secret speech; lessened government control of soviet citizens; seeked peaceful coexistence with the West instead of confrontation --> destalinization
1956 led by students and workers --> crushed by USSR when US back-up did not come
said the US would defend Taiwan against attack from China. (during the Eisenhower administration)