Mid Term Chapter 1

59 terms by mandy_deemer 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

A child's strong dislike of noodle soup that developed after she consumed some when she was sick with flu is an example of a food-related
A) habit.
B) social interaction.
C) emotional turmoil.
D) negative association.

D

Which of the following is NOT classified as a macronutrient?
A) Fat
B) Protein
C) Calcium
D) Carbohydrate

C

Which of the following is an organic compound?
A) Salt
B) Water
C) Calcium
D) Vitamin C

D

Which of the following would most likely lead to a primary nutrient deficiency?
A) Inadequate nutrient intake
B) Reduced nutrient absorption
C) Increased nutrient excretion
D) Increased nutrient destruction

A

Which of the following is a result of the metabolism of energy nutrients?
A) Energy is released
B) Body fat increases
C) Energy is destroyed
D) Body water decreases

A

What is the AMDR for protein?
A) 10-35%
B) 40-45%
C) 50-65%
D) 70-85%

A

Gram for gram, which of the following provides the most energy?
A) Fats
B) Alcohol
C) Proteins
D) Carbohydrates

A

Which of the following factors makes the greatest contribution to deaths in the United States?
A) Guns
B) Alcohol
C) Tobacco
D) Automobiles

C

A weight reduction regimen calls for a daily intake of 1400 kcalories, which includes 30 g of fat. Approximately what percentage of the total energy is contributed by fat?
A) 8.5
B) 15
C) 19
D) 25.5

C

An essential nutrient is one that cannot be
A) found in food.
B) degraded by the body.
C) made in sufficient quantities by the body.
D) used to synthesize other compounds in the body.

C

Approximately how much water (lbs) would be found in a 120-lb person?
A) 12
B) 24
C) 36
D) 72

D

Approximately how many milliliters are contained in a half-cup of milk?
A) 50
B) 85
C) 120
D) 200

C

In the scientific method, a tentative solution to a problem is called the
A) theory.
B) prediction.
C) hypothesis.
D) correlation.

C

For which of the following titles, by definition, must the individual be college educated and pass a national examination administered by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics?
A) Medical doctor
B) Registered dietician
C) Certified nutritionist
D) Certified nutrition therapist

B

Recommended Dietary Allowances are based on the
A) Lower Tolerable Limit.
B) Upper Tolerable Limit.
C) Subclinical Deficiency Value.
D) Estimated Average Requirement.

D

A health magazine contacted you for your expert opinion on what measure best describes the amounts of nutrients that should be consumed by the population. Your reply should be:
A) The Dietary Reference Intakes because they are a set of nutrient intake values for healthy people in the United States and Canada.
B) The Tolerable Upper Intake levels because they are the maximum daily amount of a nutrient that appears safe for most healthy people.
C) The Estimated Average Requirements because they reflect the average daily amount of a nutrient that will maintain a specific function in half of the healthy people of a population.
D) The Recommended Dietary Allowances because they represent the average daily amount of a nutrient considered adequate to meet the known nutrient needs of practically all healthy people.

D

A normal half-cup vegetable portion weighs approximately how many grams?
A) 5
B) 50
C) 100
D) 200

C

Your friend Carrie took a daily supplement of vitamin C and stated that she felt a lot better. Her experience is best described as a(n)
A) anecdote.
B) blind experiment.
C) nutritional genomic.
D) case-control experience.

A

All of the following are minimum requirements for becoming a registered dietitian EXCEPT
A) earning an undergraduate degree.
B) completing up to a three-week clinical internship or the equivalent.
C) completing approximately 60 semester hours in nutrition and food science.
D) passing a national examination administered by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

B

Which of the following is an overt symptom of iron deficiency?
A) Anemia
B) Headaches
C) Skin dryness
D) Decreased red blood cell count

B

Which of the following is NOT a set of values within the Dietary Reference Intakes?
A) Adequate Intakes
B) Estimated Average Allowances
C) Tolerable Upper Intake Levels
D) Recommended Dietary Allowances

B

Which of the following is an organic nutrient?
A) Fat
B) Water
C) Oxygen
D) Calcium

A

What does the Tolerable Upper Intake Level of a nutrient represent?
A) The maximum amount allowed for fortifying a food
B) A number calculated by taking twice the RDA or three times the AI
C) The maximum allowable amount available in supplement form
D) The maximum amount from all sources that appears safe for most healthy people

D

Which of the following is an example of a macronutrient?
A) Protein
B) Calcium
C) Vitamin C
D) Vitamin D

A

Approximately how many nutrients are considered indispensable in the diet?
A) 15
B) 25
C) 40
D) 55

C

Which statement about the recommended nutrient intakes is FALSE?
A) The recommendations also apply to sick people
B) The recommendations are designed to be met through intake of foods and not supplements
C) It is difficult and unnecessary to meet the recommended intakes for all nutrients each day
D) The recommendations are neither minimum requirements nor necessarily optimal intakes for everybody

A

Overeating and gaining body weight is an example of a
A) variable effect.
B) positive correlation.
C) negative correlation.
D) randomization effect.

B

Bob consumes about 2500 kcalories per day, which is apportioned as 150 g of fat, 140 g of carbohydrate, and 150 g of protein. What would be the appropriate revisions to help Bob adjust his nutrient intake so that it matches the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges?
A) 70 g fat, 156 g protein, 313 g carbohydrate
B) 140 g fat, 150 g protein, 150 g carbohydrate
C) 500 g fat, 750 g protein, 1250 g carbohydrate
D) 10 g fat, 20 g protein, 45 g carbohydrate

A

Which of the following is NOT classified as a macronutrient?
A) Fat
B) Protein
C) Calcium
D) Carbohydrate

C

All of the following are minimum requirements for becoming a registered dietitian EXCEPT
A) earning an undergraduate degree.
B) completing up to a three-week clinical internship or the equivalent.
C) completing approximately 60 semester hours in nutrition and food science.
D) passing a national examination administered by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

B

In nutrition research, observations of the quantities and types of foods eaten by groups of people and the health status of those groups are known as
A) case-control studies.
B) epidemiological studies.
C) human intervention trials.
D) correlation-control studies.

B

What single behavior contributes to the most deaths in the United States?
A) Poor diet
B) Tobacco use
C) Alcohol intake
D) Sexual activity

B

Among the following, which is the major weakness of a laboratory-based study?
A) The costs are usually high
B) It is difficult to replicate the findings
C) The results cannot be applied to human beings
D) Experimental variables cannot be easily controlled

C

Who would be the most appropriate person to consult regarding nutrition information?
A) Chiropractor
B) Medical doctor
C) Registered dietitian
D) Health food store manager

C

International units of energy are expressed in
A) newtons.
B) calories.
C) kilojoules.
D) kilocalories.

C

An essential nutrient is one that cannot be
A) found in food.
B) degraded by the body.
C) made in sufficient quantities by the body.
D) used to synthesize other compounds in the body.

C

A nutrient needed by the body and that must be supplied by foods is termed a(n)
A) neutraceutical.
B) metabolic unit.
C) organic nutrient.
D) essential nutrient.

D

Which of the following is an example of a micronutrient?
A) Fat
B) Protein
C) Vitamin C
D) Carbohydrate

C

A parent who offers a child a favorite snack as a reward for good behavior is encouraging a food behavior known as
A) social interaction.
B) reverse psychology.
C) positive association.
D) habitual reinforcement.

C

A child's strong dislike of noodle soup that developed after she consumed some when she was sick with flu is an example of a food-related
A) habit.
B) social interaction.
C) emotional turmoil.
D) negative association.

D

Which of the following leading causes of death in the U.S. does NOT bear a relationship to diet?
A) Cancer
B) Heart disease
C) Diabetes mellitus
D) Pneumonia and influenza

D

Which of the following describes the legal limitations, if any, for a person who disseminates dietary advice to the public?
A) The title "dietitian" can be used by anyone in all states
B) The title "nutritionist" can be used by anyone in all states
C) A license to practice as a nutritionist or dietitian is required by some states
D) A license to practice as a nutritionist or dietitian is mandatory in all states

C

What is the upper range of fat intake in the AMDR?
A) 20%
B) 25%
C) 35%
D) 50%

C

A diet provides a total of 2200 kcalories, of which 40% of the energy is from fat and 20% from protein. How many grams of carbohydrate are contained in the diet?
A) 220
B) 285
C) 440
D) 880

A

What is the AMDR for carbohydrate?
A) 5-10%
B) 15-25%
C) 30-40%
D) 45-65%

D

The study of how a person's genes interact with nutrients is termed
A) genetic counseling.
B) nutritional genomics.
C) genetic metabolomics.
D) nutritional nucleic acid pool.

B

A health magazine contacted you for your expert opinion on what measure best describes the amounts of nutrients that should be consumed by the population. Your reply should be:
A) The Dietary Reference Intakes because they are a set of nutrient intake values for healthy people in the United States and Canada.
B) The Tolerable Upper Intake levels because they are the maximum daily amount of a nutrient that appears safe for most healthy people.
C) The Estimated Average Requirements because they reflect the average daily amount of a nutrient that will maintain a specific function in half of the healthy people of a population.
D) The Recommended Dietary Allowances because they represent the average daily amount of a nutrient considered adequate to meet the known nutrient needs of practically all healthy people.

D

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the vitamins?
A) Essential
B) Inorganic
C) Destructible
D) kCalorie-free

B

Which of the following statements most accurately describes the composition of most foods?
A) They contain only one of the three energy nutrients, although a few contain all of them
B) They contain equal amounts of the three energy nutrients, except for high-fat foods
C) They contain mixtures of the three energy nutrients, although only one or two may predominate
D) They contain only two of the three energy nutrients, although there are numerous other foods that contain only one

C

Which of the following is NOT a set of values within the Dietary Reference Intakes?
A) Adequate Intakes
B) Estimated Average Allowances
C) Tolerable Upper Intake Levels
D) Recommended Dietary Allowances

B

Recommended Dietary Allowances may be used to
A) measure nutrient balance of population groups.
B) assess dietary nutrient adequacy for individuals.
C) treat persons with diet-related illnesses.
D) calculate exact food requirements for most individuals.

B

A parent who offers a child a favorite snack as a reward for good behavior is encouraging a food behavior known as
A) social interaction.
B) reverse psychology.
C) positive association.
D) habitual reinforcement.

C

Which of the following is NOT among the features of a chronic disease?
A) It develops slowly
B) It lasts a long time
C) It produces sharp pains
D) It progresses gradually

C

Nonnutrient substances found in plant foods that show biological activity in the body are commonly known as
A) folionutrients.
B) inorganic fibers.
C) phytochemicals.
D) phyllochemicals.

C

The motive for a person who alters his diet due to religious convictions is most likely his
A) values.
B) body image.
C) ethnic heritage.
D) functional association.

A

How are the RDA for almost all vitamin and mineral intakes set?
A) Low, to reduce the risk of toxicity
B) High, to cover virtually all healthy individuals
C) Extremely high, to cover every single person
D) At the mean, to cover most healthy individuals

B

What set of values is used to recommend the average kcalorie intake that maintains population groups in energy balance?
A) Estimated Energy Requirement
B) Adequate Average Requirement
C) Recommended Dietary Allowance
D) Acceptable Energy Distribution Range

A

Which of the following represents the usual sequence of stages in the development of a nutrient deficiency resulting from inadequate intake?
A) Declining nutrient stores, abnormal functions within the body, and overt signs
B) Abnormal functions within the body, declining nutrient stores, and overt signs
C) Abnormal functions within the body, overt signs, and declining nutrient stores
D) Declining nutrient stores, overt signs, and abnormal functions within the body

A

A nutrient needed by the body and that must be supplied by foods is termed a(n)
A) neutraceutical.
B) metabolic unit.
C) organic nutrient.
D) essential nutrient.

D

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set