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Which of the following foods' kcalories would be considered as part of one's discretionary kcalorie allowance?
A) Jam
B) Watermelon
C) Raw carrots
D) Brussels sprouts

A

The most highly fortified foods on the market are
A) frozen dinners.
B) imitation foods.
C) enriched breads.
D) breakfast cereals.

D

All of the following are documented benefits for people following a vegetarian diet EXCEPT
A) lower body weights.
B) lower rates of anemia.
C) lower blood cholesterol levels.
D) lower rates of certain types of cancer.

B

In which of the following food groups are legumes found?
A) Dairy
B) Fruits
C) Grains
D) Protein

D

Which of the following ingredients on a food label is most likely a source of trans fats?
A) Butter
B) Coconut oil
C) High-fructose corn syrup
D) Partially hydrogenated oils

D

Approximately what minimum percentage of all grains consumed by a person should be whole grains?
A) 20
B) 35
C) 50
D) 100

C

Greg is trying to decide which brand of cereal to buy, but he is a somewhat confused by the health claims. Which of the following represents the highest level of significant scientific agreement?
A) "Promotes a healthy heart"
B) "This cereal supports heart health"
C) "This product contains whole grains, which have been proven to reduce the risk of heart disease and certain cancers"
D) "Very limited and preliminary scientific research suggests this product can reduce risk for cancers; FDA concludes that there is little scientific evidence supporting this claim"

C

What mineral is added to refined flours in the enrichment process?
A) Iron
B) Iodine
C) Calcium
D) Magnesium

A

Which of the following foods supplies only discretionary kcalories?
A) Bagel
B) Raisins
C) Grape jelly
D) Peanut butter

C

Providing enough, but not an excess, of a food is a diet-planning principle known as
A) safety.
B) variety.
C) moderation.
D) undernutrition.

C

In food exchange lists, to what group are olives assigned?
A) Fat
B) Meat
C) Carbohydrate
D) Meat substitute

A

According to nutrition labeling laws, which of the following minerals does NOT need to be listed on a food label?
A) Iron
B) Sodium
C) Calcium
D) Potassium

D

Which of the following is a feature of U.S. laws governing information on food labels?
A) The term "fresh" can be used only for raw and moderately processed food
B) Nutrition labeling must appear on virtually all processed as well as fresh foods
C) Restaurant foods must provide nutrient content information on the menu
D) Nutrition labeling is not required on foods produced by small businesses or products produced and sold in the same establishment

D

Which of the following nutrients would be supplied in much greater amounts from whole-grain bread versus enriched bread?
A) Zinc
B) Folate
C) Riboflavin
D) Thiamin

A

Which of the following foods is nutrient dense and also qualifies as a "good source" of calcium?
A) Cheese with 50 mg of calcium
B) Yogurt with 150 mg of calcium
C) Ice cream with 90 mg calcium
D) Sherbet with 30 mg of calcium

B

Consider the following menu from the point of view of the USDA Food Patterns.
Breakfast
2 eggs
1 tsp margarine
2 slices enriched white bread
1 c whole milk
coffee
Lunch
2 oz tuna fish
lettuce
1 tbsp mayonnaise
2 slices enriched white bread
1 apple
Supper
3 oz hamburger meat
1 oz cheese
1/2 c cooked rice
1/2 c carrots
coffee

Which of the following describes the nutritional value of the fruits and vegetables in this menu?
A) A source of vitamin A is missing
B) A source of vitamin C is marginal
C) The daily amounts recommended for a 2000-kcalorie diet are met
D) The daily amounts recommended for a 2000-kcalorie diet are exceeded

B

Ranking foods according to their overall nutrient composition is known as
A) biological value.
B) nutrient profiling.
C) the risk reduction score.
D) the healthy eating index.

B

The diet-planning principle that provides all the nutrients, fiber, and energy in amounts sufficient to maintain health is called
A) variety.
B) adequacy.
C) moderation.
D) kcalorie control.

B

Approximately how many more kcalories does the average active adult need versus the average sedentary adult?
A) 400-600
B) 750-1,000
C) about 1,000
D) at least 2,000

A

Which of the following is an expression of the nutrient density of a food?
A) 0.01 mg iron per kcalorie
B) 110 kcalories per cup
C) 0.5 mg iron per serving
D) 110 kcalories per serving

A

Which of the following is NOT a legume?
A) Peas
B) Beans
C) Peanuts
D) Potatoes

D

To fully utilize the concepts of MyPlate requires the consumer to
A) be Internet active.
B) use a food weighing scale.
C) visualize color differences.
D) prepare most meals at home.

A

Tempeh is made from
A) soybeans.
B) any legume.
C) fermented leafy vegetables.
D) fermented yellow vegetables.

A

Cooking an 8-ounce raw steak will reduce the weight (ounces) to approximately
A) 3 1/2.
B) 5.
C) 6.
D) 7.

C

How many subgroups comprise the vegetable food group?
A) 1
B) 3
C) 5
D) 7

C

According to the principles of the USDA Food Patterns, the foundation of a healthful diet should consist of
A) dairy.
B) fruits.
C) protein foods.
D) nutrient-dense foods.

D

What mineral is added to refined flours in the enrichment process?
A) Iron
B) Iodine
C) Calcium
D) Magnesium

A

Which of the following is an expression of the nutrient density of a food?
A) 0.01 mg iron per kcalorie
B) 110 kcalories per cup
C) 0.5 mg iron per serving
D) 110 kcalories per serving

A

Which of the following is NOT a feature of daily sodium intake guidelines?
A) The intake for most people should be <2300 mg
B) The intake for African-Americans should be <1500 mg
C) The intake should be limited to 10% of total mineral intake
D) The intake for most people >51 yrs of age should be <1500 mg

C

An empty-kcalorie food is one that contains
A) no kcalories.
B) an abundance of vitamins but little or no minerals.
C) an abundance of minerals but little or no vitamins.
D) energy and little or no protein, vitamins, or minerals.

D

What is the assessment tool designed to measure how well a diet meets the recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines?
A) Healthy Eating Index
B) Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
C) Dietitian's Comparative Effectiveness Plan
D) U.S. Public Health Nutrient Assessment Barometer

A

The most highly fortified foods on the market are
A) frozen dinners.
B) imitation foods.
C) enriched breads.
D) breakfast cereals.

D

Which of the following is a feature of iron nutrition in vegetarians?
A) Vegetarians absorb iron more efficiently
B) Iron utilization is inhibited by the high zinc content in grains
C) The absorption of iron is low due to the high vitamin C intake
D) More iron deficiency is found in vegetarians than in people eating a mixed diet

A

According to nutrition labeling laws, the amounts of what two vitamins must be listed on the package label as a percent Daily Value?
A) Vitamins D and E
B) Vitamins A and C
C) Thiamin and riboflavin
D) Vitamin B6 and niacin

B

For the most part, all of the following are advantages of vegetarian diets EXCEPT
A) fat intake is lower.
B) fiber intake is higher.
C) vitamin B12 intake is higher.
D) intakes of vitamins A and C are higher.

C

Which of the following foods could help meet the iron needs of vegetarians who consume dairy?
A) Coconut
B) Legumes
C) Skim milk
D) Potato salad

B

Which of the following ingredients on a food label is most likely a source of trans fats?
A) Butter
B) Coconut oil
C) High-fructose corn syrup
D) Partially hydrogenated oils

D

Which of the following nutrients is NOT supplied in about the same amount by a slice of enriched bread compared with a slice of whole-grain bread?
A) Iron
B) Niacin
C) Thiamin
D) Magnesium

D

The addition of calcium to some orange juice products by food manufacturers is most properly termed nutrient
A) enrichment.
B) restoration.
C) fortification.
D) mineralization.

C

Which of the following nutrients would be supplied in much greater amounts from whole-grain bread versus enriched bread?
A) Zinc
B) Folate
C) Riboflavin
D) Thiamin

A

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