electric shock therapy used to treat depression in select groups of patients who do not respond to antidepressants
a life-threatening condition that results when MAOIs are mixed with tyramine of certain drugs
a period of abnormally and persistently elevated mood lasting 4 days and including 3 or 4 additional symptoms
the process by which seizure activity in a specific area of the brain is initially stimulated by reaching a threshold of the cumulative effects of stress
a distinct period during which mood is abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable
Seasonal affective disorder
a mood disorder with less severe symptoms that is precipitated by the onset of winter
Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS)
A screening test used to identify movement disorders. The client is observed in several positions and the severity of symptoms is rated 0 to 4.
Psychologically induced immobility occasionally marked by periods of agitation oe excitement; the client seems motionless, as if in a trance.
Disturbed auditory sensory perceptions demanding that the client take action often to harm themselves or others; often referred to as "voices
EPS characterized by spasms in discrete muscle groups such as the neck muscles or eye muscles
Extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) Serious neurological side effects of antipsychotic medications
Serious neurological side effects of antipsychotic medications
Ideas of reference
Client's inaccurate interpretation that general events are personally directed to them
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
An EPS characterized by a high fever, muscle rigidity, increased muscle enzymes; frequently fatal
EPS characterized by a shuffling gait, mask-like facies, muscle stiffness, cogwheeling rigidity, drooling, akinesia
A group of conditions that share a key feature of excessive anxiety with ensuing behavioral, emotional, cognitive, and physiological responses
Ritualistic or repetitive behaviors or mental acts that a person carries out continuously to neutraize anxiety
Cognitive distortions that a person uses unconsciously to maintain a sense of being in control of a situation.
Feelings of being disconnected from oneself; the client feels detached from their behavior
Feeling afraid or threatened by a clearly identifiable external stimulus that represents a danger to that person
A form of rapid desensitization in which therapist confronts client with the phobic object until it no longer produces anxiety
The disturbing feeling that something is definitely wrong; the person becomes agitated or nervous
Recurrent, persistent, intrusive, and unwanted thoughts, images, or impulses that cause marked anxiety and therefore interfere with normal functioning.
15-30 minutes of rapid, intense, escalating anxiety in which a person experiences great emotional fear and physiologic discomfort
Illogical, intense, persistent fear of a specific object or social situation that causes extreme distress.
Sensation that things are out of control. The person has trouble thinking and reasoning. Muscles tighten and vital signs increase. The person is restless, irritable and angry or freezes.
Therapy that involves progressively exposing the client to the threatening object in a safe setting until the client's anxiety decreases.
Borderline personality disorder Characterized by unstable relationships, self-image and affect. Impulsive and self-mutilating
Characterized by unstable relationships, self-image and affect. Impulsive and self-mutilating
A technique useful in changing patterns of thinking by helping clients to recognize negative thoughts and replace them with positive patterns of thinking.
Technique used to highlight the incongruence between a person's verbalizations and actual behavior.
A technique that involves 3 steps: stating the behavioral limit, identifying the consequences if the limit is exceeded, and identifying the expected or desired outcome
Narcissistic personality disorder
Characterized by a pervasive pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and lack of empathy
No self-harm contract
An agreement in which a client agrees not to engage in self-harm and to report to the nurse when he is loosing control
An ingrained enduring pattern of behaving and relating to oneself, others, and the environment
When personality traits become inflexible and maladaptive and significantly interfere with how a person functions
A technique used to alter the process of negative or self-critical thought patterns