Medical Terminology Chapter 7 The Respiratory System

60 terms by AnaFerrusca 

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alveoli

are the very small grape-like clusters found at the end of each bronchiole.

Anoxia

is the absence of oxygen from the body's tissues and organs.

antitussive

is a medication that prevents or relieves coughing.

aphonia

The loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds.

asbestosis

The form of pneumoconiosis caused by asbestos particles in the lungs.

Asphyxia

is the loss of consciousness that occurs when the body cannot get the air it needs to function.

Asthma

is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing.

atelectasis

is a condition in which the lung fails to expand partially or completely because the air passages are blocked.

bradypnea

Abnormally slow rate of respiration; usually less than 10 breaths per minute.

bronchodilator

is a medication that relaxes and expands the bronchial passages into the lungs.

bronchorrhea

Excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi.

bronchoscopy

Visual examination of the bronchi using a bronchoscope.

bronchospasm

a contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles that tighten and squeeze the airway shut

Cheyne-Stokes respiration

is an irregular pattern of breathing characterized by alternating rapid or shallow respiration followed by slower respiration or apnea.

croup

Acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and a barking cough.

cyanosis

is a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood.

Cystic fibrosis

is a life-threatening genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus.

diphtheria

An acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract.

Dysphonia

is difficulty in speaking.

dyspnea

Difficult or labored breathing; also known as shortness of breath

Emphysema

is the progressive, long-term loss of lung function that is usually caused by smoking.

empyema

An accumulation of pus, or infected fluid, in the pleural cavity.

endotracheal intubation

The passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish or maintain an open airway.

epistaxis

Bleeding from the nose that is usually caused by an injury, excessive use of blood thinners, or bleeding disorders.

hemoptysis

is the coughing up of blood or bloodstained sputum.

hemothorax

Accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity.

hypercapnia

The abnormal buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood.

hyperpnea

Abnormal increase in the depth and rate of the respiratory movements.

hyperpnea

Abnormal increase in the depth and rate of the respiratory movements.

Hypoxemia

is a condition of having below normal levels of oxygen in the blood.

hypoxia

is the condition of having below normal oxygen levels in the body's tissues and organs. This condition is less severe than anoxia.

laryngectomy

Surgical removal of the larynx.

laryngitis

Inflammation of the larynx.

laryngoscopy

is the visual examination of the larynx and vocal chords with the use of a laryngoscope.

laryngospasm

is the sudden spasmodic closure of the larynx.

mediastinum

is the middle section of the chest cavity located between the lungs.

nebulizer

is an electric device that pumps air or oxygen through a liquid medicine to turn it into a vapor.

otolaryngologist

is a physician with specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the head and neck.

pertussis

A contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract.

pharyngitis

An inflammation of the pharynx.

phlegm

Phlegm is thick mucus secreted by the tissues lining the respiratory passages.

pleurisy

is an inflammation of the pleura, which causes pleurodynia.

pleurodynia

is pain in the pleura that occurs when the inflamed membranes rub against each other with each inhalation.

pneumoconiosis

is any fibrosis of the lung tissues caused by dust in the lungs and usually develops after years of environmental or occupational contact.

pneumonectomy

Surgical removal of all or part of a lung.

pneumonia

is a serious inflammation of the lungs in which the alveoli and air passages fill with pus and other liquid.

pneumothorax

Accumulation of air or gas in the pleural space causing the lung to collapse.

polysomnography

also known as a sleep study, is a diagnostic test that measures physiological activity during sleep.

pulmonologist

specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the respiratory system.

pulse oximeter

An external monitor to measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood.

pyothorax

An accumulation of pus, or infected fluid, in the pleural cavity.

sinusitis

Inflammation of the sinuses.

sleep apnea

Sleep apnea is a potentially serious disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep.

spirometer

is a recording device that measures the amount of air inhaled or exhaled, and the length of time required for each breath.

tachypnea

Abnormally rapid rate of respiration, usually of more than 20 breaths per minute.

thoracentesis

Puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity for diagnostic purposes, to drain pleural effusions, or to reexpand a collapsed lung.

thoracotomy

is a surgical incision into the chest walls to open the pleural cavity for biopsy or treatment.

tracheostomy

is the surgical creation of an opening into the trachea in order to insert a temporary or permanent tube to facilitate breathing.

tracheotomy

is an emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway.

tuberculosis

An infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosi.

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