Ch. 4 Operating Systems and File Management

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Textbook: New Perspectives on Computer Concepts 2012 : Introductory, 14th Edition (Parsons/Oja) Instructor: Marco Villarreal University of Texas Pan-American

Recovery

A(n) ____ disk is a bootable CD, DVD, or other media that contains a complete copy of your computer's hard disk as it existed when shipped from the manufacturer.

Physical storage model

A description of what actually happens on the disk and in the circuits is represented by a ____.

Submenu

A ____ is an additional set of commands that the computer displays after you make a selection from the main menu.

Differential

A(n) ____ backup contains any files that have changed since the last full backup.

Palm WebOS

____ is based on a system of "cards" that represents applications in a multitasking environment.

buffer

the term ____ is a technical term for the region of memory that holds data waiting to be transferred from one device to another

File management

The accompanying figure is an example of a(n) ____ tool.

Logical

Utilities like the one shown in the accompanying figure often use some sort of storage metaphor to help you visualize and mentally organize the files on your disks. The metaphors are called ____ storage models.

Tree

One file storage metaphor that is based on a hierarchical diagram (and illustrated in the accompanying figure) is sometimes referred to as a ____ structure.

utility

The type or system software designed to help you monitor and configure settings for your computer system equipment is ___ software.

4

Activities associated with resource management include all of the following EXCEPT:
1.keeping track of storage resources
2.ensuring that input and output proceed in an orderly manner
3.managing processor resources
4.installing new memory

HFS+

The file system used by Mac OS is

support

An extension of .ocx designates a ____ type of file

packet writing

In relation to disks, ____ is a recording technology that lets you record in multiple sessions.

multithreading

Within a single program, ____ allows multiple parts to run simultaneously.

file extension

c:\music\reggae\marleyonelove.mp3
In the accompanying figure, mp3 is an example of a

primary folder

c:\music\reggae\marleyonelove.mp3
In the accompanying figure, Music is an example of a

Drive

c:\music\reggae\marleyonelove.mp3
In the accompanying figure, C: is an example of a(n) ____.

Secondary folder

In the accompanying figure, Reggae is an example of a ____.

File name

c:\music\reggae\marleyonelove.mp3
In the accompanying figure, Marley One Love is an example of a ____.

removable hard disk

For backup purposes, a fast, limited capacity device that can be locked in a secure location is a(n)

fragmented

Files stored in noncontiguous clusters are

file specification

A computer file's location is defined by a:

RAM

Cindy is trying to understand operating systems. You tell her you just took an OS course and you will be glad to answer any of her questions.Cindy wants to know how a computer can run more than one program at a time. You explain to her that when you want to run more than one program at a time, the operating system has to allocate specific areas of memory for each program. This memory is called ____.

Single user

Cindy is trying to understand operating systems. You tell her you just took an OS course and you will be glad to answer any of her questions.You tell Cindy that the type of operating system that expects to deal with one set of input devices is a ____ operating system.

In a different location

Charlie is worried about something happening to his data. He uses it all the time in his business and if something were to happen to it, he might lose his business. He has come to you for some answers on how to secure his data files and protect this resource.Charlie wants to know where he should keep his backups. You tell him the most secure storage location is ____.

Full backup

Charlie is worried about something happening to his data. He uses it all the time in his business and if something were to happen to it, he might lose his business. He has come to you for some answers on how to secure his data files and protect this resource.Charlie wants to know what the term is for making a copy of all his files. Charlie has a Windows machine. You tell him the correct term is ____

Image

A disk ____ is a bit-by-bit copy of the data from all sectors of a disk.

Recovery

A(n) ____ disk is a bootable CD, DVD, or other media that contains a complete copy of your computer's hard disk as it existed when shipped from the manufacturer.

added or changed since your last backup.
Incremental

A(n) ____ backup makes a copy of only those files that were

Differential

A(n) ____ backup contains any files that have changed since the last full backup.

Full system

A(n) ____ backup includes every file from the computer's primary storage device.

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