Internet and Networking

50 terms by Mr_Jarc 

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Terms from the Internet and Networking unit.

bandwidth

The amount of data that can be transmitted over a network in a given amount of time.

ISP

Who you 'pay' for Internet access

Dial-up

connecting to the internet via a phone line

broadband

high-speed Internet access

browser

software used to access and view webpages

http

hypertext transfer protocol are the rules computers use to transfer web pages across the Internet

https

Secured http

FTP

protocol that allows users to copy files between their local system and any system they can reach on the network

html

HyperText Markup Language, the authoring language used to create documents on the World Wide Web.

search engine

A software program you can use to find Web sites, Web pages, and Internet files.

meta-tags

assist search engines in properly categorizing your Web pages and help validators find syntax errors.

hyperlink

a link from a hypertext file to another location or file

web server

A computer that delivers (servers) Web pages you request.

ip address

a number that uniquely identifies each computer or device connected to the Internet

firewall

hardware and/or software that guards a private network by analyzing the information leaving and entering the network

data packets

small distinct units of data that are exchanged between nodes on a network

.com

commercial website extension

.org

non-profit website extension

.gov

federal government website extension

protocol

helper 'application' designed for one specific purpose

Internet

the world's largest network

intranet

a company's private Web or network

download

to transfer a file from the Internet or other computer to your own computer

upload

to transfer a file from your own computer to the Internet or other computer

spam

unwanted e-mail (usually of a commercial nature sent out in bulk)

adware

any software application in which advertising banners are displayed while the program is running

spyware

computer software that is designed to collect personal info about users without their informed consent

virus

a software program capable of reproducing itself and usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same computer

anti-virus

software designed to search for viruses, notify users when they are found, and remove them

rss

real simple syndication feed from a website, allows for the simple retrieval of newly added content

trojan horse

a program that appears desirable but actually contains something harmful

cookies

small computer programs left behind on your computer when you visit a website

ARPANET

Advanced research project agency network - 'the first Internet'

mosaic

the first browser

blog

online journal

wiki

Collaborative writing tool

certificate

a document proving ownership and/or security of a website

domain name

identifies a site on the Internet

LAN

a local computer network for communication between computers

WAN

a computer network that spans a wider area than does a local area network

open source

A method and philosophy for free software licensing and distribution designed to encourage use and improvement of software.

router

a device that examines each packet of data it receives and then decides which way to send it onward toward its destination

wi-fi

set of wireless networking technologies

smtp

send mail transfer protocol

pop

recieve mail protocol

plagiarism

a piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work

copyright infringement

a violation of the rights secured by a copyright

plugins

displays multimedia content inside the web browser

javascript

a simple code that can be included in a Web page to allow an action to occur - adds to HTML

boolean search

a query that uses operators like; +, -. or " ".

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