Chapter 6 - Existential Therapy

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Which person is not associated with the existential movement?

Skinner

The basic goal of existential psychotherapy is

to expand self-awareness, to increase choice potentials, to help clients accept responsibility for choosing, and to help the client experience authentic existence.

Finding the "courage to be" involves

developing a will to move forward despite fears.

The British scolar working to develop training programs in existential therapy is

Emmy van Deurzen.

According to the existential view, anxiety is seen as

both part of the human condition and a catalyst for authentic living are true.

Existential therpay is best considered as

an approach to understanding humans.

Which of the following was not part of Stan's work in existential therapy

working on him inauthentic relationship with his siblings.

Philosophically, the existentialists would agree that

the final decision and choices rest with the client, people redefine themselves by their choices, a person can go beyond early conditioning and making choices can create anxiety.

The central issue in existential therapy is

freedom and responsibility.

According to the exestential viewpoint, death

gives significance to living.

Which technique is considered essential to existential therapy?

None of these options

In a group setting, clients learn

both, that there are no ultimate answers for ultimate concerns and that pain is a reality of the human experience are true.

Expanding awareness is

a basic goal of existential therapy.

Exestintial therapy is

a phenomenological approach to therapy.

The existential philosophy of therapy includes the notions that

both people are thrust into a meaningless and absurd world and that they are basically alone and people must create their own meanings through their choices.

The existential approach is

a reaction against spychoanalysis and a reaction against behaviorism.

Viktor Frankl's approach to existential therapy is known as

logotherapy.

Which of the following is not true about Rollo May?

He believes that we can only escape anxiety by exercising our freedom.

Existentially, the ideas of freedom and responsibility suggest

oour freedom requires us to accept reponsibility for directing our own life, we are free to chose who we will be, and you cannot have one without the other.

Existentially, we are the authors of out lives in the sens that we create our

destiny, life circumstances, and problems.

Who was the Danish philosopher that addressed the role of anxiety and uncertainty in life?

Soren Kierkegaard

Extenstientialists contend that the experience of relatedness to other human beings

is healthy if balanced with aloneness.

According to existentialists, our seardh for meaning involves all of the except

exploring unfinished business.

Who among the following talked about the individuals "will power" and the "herd morality?"

Friedrich Nietzsche

The central theme running through the works of Viktor Frankl is

the will to meaning

According to Yalom, the concerns that make up the core of existential psychodynamics are

death, freedom, isolation, and meaninglessnes.

A statement that best illustrates "bad faith" is

Naturally I'm this way, because I grew up in an alcoholic family.

For Sartre, existential guilt is what we experience when

we allow others to define is or to make our choices for us.

Living authentically implies

both being true to our own evaluation of that constitutes a meaningful existence and accepting responsibility for the fact that we create our lives by the choices we make.

Existential therapy is unlike many other therapies in that

it does not have a well-defined set of techniques, it stresses the I/Thou encounter in the therapy process, it focuses on the use of the therapist's self as the core of therapy, and it allows for incorporation of techniques from many other approaches.

Which of the following is not considered a basic dimension of the human condition?

striving for acceptance of others.

Being alone is a process by which we

all but reject the social overtures of others are true

The goals of existential therapy include all bue

helping clients to eliminate anxiety in their lives.

When working with a client living a restricted existence, an existential therapist would likely

make the client aware of how their current ways of living are keeping them stuck.

In group work, existential therapists help clients to

both come to terms with the paradoxical nature of living and establish meaningful relationships with others.

From a multicultural perspective, some clients may reject this approach because

their life circumstances provide them with truly limited choices.

From a scientific perspective, esistential psychotherapy

none of the above.

The existential approach is particularly well-suited to clients who

are dealing with grief and loss.

Extential therapy groups are particularly helpful for clients working on

issues of responsibility.

Time-limited existential treatments

mirror the time-limited reality of human existence.

Rollo May has been instrumental in translating some concepts drawn from existential philosophy and applying them to psychotherapy

True

Existential therapy casn best be considered as a system of highly developed techniques to foster authenticity.

False

The outcomes of existential therapy have bee submitted to rigorous emperical testing.

False

Existential therapy grew out of a reaction to the limitations of both the psychoanalytic and deterministic stance.

True

Existential therapy is rooted in the premise that humans cannot escape from freedom and responsibility

True

In the existential approach, techniqies are primary, while subjective understanding of clients is secondary.

False

Existential therapist strive to be their authentic selves when working with clients.

True

According to existential thinking, effective therapy does not stop with awareness, for clients are challenged to take action based on their insights.

True

From the existential viewpoint, anxiety is seen as a neurotic manifestation; thus the aim of therapy is to eliminate anxiety so clients can live comfortably.

False

Existential anxiety is seen as a function of our acceptance of our aloneness.

True

The existential therapist sees mo basis for counseling and therapy without recognition of the freedom and responsibility each person possesses.

True

Existentials claim that the use of specific techniqies is the cornerstone of the approach.

False

According to the existential view, death makes life meaningless

False

A major criticism of the existential approach is that it lacks sustematic statements of the principles and practices of psuchotherapy.

True

The approach puts emphasis on the therapist as a person and the quality of the client/therapist relationship as one of the prime factors in determining the outcomes of therapy.

True

Martin Buber stressed the importance of presence, which allows for the creation of I/Thou relationships in therapy.

True

Exitential quilt is being aware of having evaded a commitment, or having chosen not to choose.

True

The existential view is based on a growth mode and conceptualizes health rather than sickness.

True

In the existential framework, inaction is a choice.

True

Existential therapy is especially appropriate for clients who are struggling with developmental crises.

True

Existentially, humans both long for and wish to escape from their freedom.

True

The existential approach can be used in a brief therapy context.

True

Existential therapy is rarely used for group treatment.

False

The existential vacuum represents a place of reflection and solace.

False

Currently, there is high international interest in the existential approach to psychotherapy.

True

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