Chapter 8 - Gestalt Therapy

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Who among the following is not considered a relational Gestalt therapist?

Fritz Perls

Gestalt therapy is a form of

existential therapy

Field theroy suggests that

everything in human experiene is relational and in constant flux.

A healthy contact experience involves

interacting with others while maintaining a sense of self, creativity, and maintaining balance between the figure and the ground.

According to the Gestalt view, blocked energy is

both a defensive behavior and a form of resistance to contact.

Which of the following is not considered one of the six methodological components of Gestalt therapy?

Assessment.

A critical difference between early Gestalt therapy and relational Gestalt therapy is

the approach to confrontation.

The Gestalt therapist

pays attention to the client's nonverbal language.

In Gestalt theory, the experiment is considered

a theoretical proposition crafted to fit the client's unique needs.

When a person experiences an internal conflict (namely a condlict between top dog and underdog), which of the following techniques would be most appropriate?

the internal dialogue exercise.

Gestalt-therapy techniques are designated to help the client

both expand awareness of the here and now and intensify feelings and experiences.

A gestalt technique that is most useful when a person attempts to deny an aspect of his or her personality such as tenderness is

the reversal exercise.

The Gestalt approach to dreams

both asks the client to become all parts of his or her own dream and has the client actively interpret the meaning of the drean himself or herself.

The paradoxical theory of behavior change suggests

we change through becoming aware of who we currently are.

The basic goal of Gestalt therapy is

attaining awareness, and with it greater choice.

From a multicultural perspective, a limitation of Gestalt therapy is that

both it tends to produce high levels of intense feelings and it is highly focused on direct expression of feelings.

A contribution of this therapeutic approach is that

it enables intense experiencing to occur quickly, it can be a relatively brief therapy, and it stresses doing and experiencing, as oposed to talking about problems.

According to Gestalt theory, people use avoidance in order to

keep themselves from facing unfinished business, keep from feeling uncomfortable emotions and keep from having to change.

Empirical support for Gestalt therapy is

becoming stronger.

According to Gestalt therapy, all of the following are true about contact except

withdrawal after a good contact experience indicates neurosis.

In Gestalt, the relationship between client and counselor is seen as

a joint venture, an existential encounter, and an I/Thou interaction.

Which of the following is not true about Gestalt techniques

Experiments are always carried out during the therapy session, rather than outside it.

Which of the following is not true about Fritz Perls?

During his childhood, he was a model student.

Gestalt therapists say that clients resist contact by means of

retroflection, projection, and introjection.

Which of the following aspects of a client's use of language would a Gestalt therapist no focus on?

semantics

Which of the following is not true about the Gestalt view of the role of controntation in therapy?

It is not possible to be both confrontive and gentle with clients.

Which of the following Gestalt techniques involves asking one person in a group to speak to each of the other group members?

making the rounds.

The empty chair technique

assists clients in reowning part of their personality, balances internal polarities, allows clients to externalize an introject and helps to resolve unfinished business.

Which of the following is not one of Miriam Polster's three stagees in her integration sequence

reunification

A teenage girl is angry with her parents and cuts on her arm. In Gestalt terms, she is most likely engaging in

retroflection

Because of his need to be liked, Jake makes careful efforts to get along with everyone and minimize interpersonal conflicts. Which boundry disturbance is Jose exhibiting?

confluence

Which of the following is not one of the Gestalt group leader's roles

evoking group catharsis

Without proper training, Gestalt therapists may

evoke carthasis without having the ability to work it through with their client, design faulty experiments, may use ready made techniques inapporperately, and may damage the therapeutic relationship with the client.

Contemporary Gestalt therapists view client resistance as

an element of therapy that needs to be respected.

Gestalt group work is

action-oriented, standardized, focused on the here and now.

Gestalt theory is best considered as a form of psychoanalytic therapy.

False

The Gestalt therapist typically uses diagnosis and interpretation as a basic part of the therapeutic process.

False

In the Gestaltist view, unfinished business is best explored in the present.

True

A Gestalt therapist pays attention to ways the client uses language.

True

Therapy is based upon the successful resolution of the transference relationship.

False

Both contact and withdrawal are necessary and important to healthy functioning.

True

Gestalt therpay makes use of a wide variety of techniques that are designed to increase the client's awareness of his or her persent experiencing.

True

According to Perls, awareness of and by itself is not sufficient to lead to change; clients must also put their experiences into some type of cognitive framework if changes is to happen.

False

The Gestalt approach to dream work consists of the therapist intrpreting the meaning of the symbpls in the dream.

False

Gestalt therapy relies mainly on psychoanalytic techniques.

False

Gestalt therapy is designed for individual counseling, and it typically does not work well in groups.

False

One of the contributions of Gestalt therapy is the vast empirical research that has been done to validate the specific techniques used.

False

The goal of Gestalt therapy is to solve basic problems, to resolve one's polarities, and to help the individual to adjust to his or her environment.

False

Gestaltists typically ask why questions in the attempt to get clients to think about the source of their problems.

False

Gestalt therapy focuses on the cognitive aspects of therapy.

False

Gestalt techniques can be considered as experimenmts.

True

Part of success in using Gestalt techniques is contingent upon preparing clients for these techniques.

True

Most of the Gstalt techniques are designed to intensify one's experiencing

True

Gestalt therapies view a client's avoidance behavior as related to unfinished business.

True

An effective Gestalt therapist must develop deep personal awareness.

True

Retroflection involves doing to others what we would like them to do to us.

False

In Gestalt therapy, a client's resistance is welcomed and used to deepen their therapeutic work.

True

Gestalt experiments are ready-made techniques that are often used to evoke the expression of certian emotions.

False

A current trend i Gestalt therapy is toward greateer emphasis on the client/therapist relationship rather than on techmiques.

True

Gestalt therapists focus more on why clients are doing that what they are doing.

False

Since Gestalt therapy focuses on the here-and-now, the past is not explored or given emphasis in this approach.

False

In Gestalt terms, awareness refers to our connectedness to out external an internal worlds.

True

Preparing clients for Gestalt exercises destroys both their spontaneity and effectiveness.

False

Although Perls used a highly controntational approach in dealing with client avoidance and resistance, the confrontational model is not representative of contemporary Gestalt therapy.

True

Gestalt group therapists use experiments to encourage clients to move from talking about action to taking action.

True

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