Early Childhood Reading Vocabulary

Created by ahyers 

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17 terms · ECEC 4423, ECEC4500

balanced literacy

An approach to reading instruction that strikes a compromise between phonics approaches and whole language approaches.

literacy

The ability to read, write, communicate, and comprehend.

choral reading

Referred to as unison reading. The entire class reads the same text aloud. Usually the teacher sets the pace. This helps with the ability to read sight words and builds fluency.

chunking

Reading by grouping portions of text into short, meaningful phrases.

consonant digraph

Two or more consonants grouped together where they produce one sound. Examples: sh, ch

emergent reader

A reader who has print awareness, reads in left to right and top to bottom progression, uses some beginning and ending letter sounds, may tell the story from memory, may invent text, interprets /uses picture clues to help tell the story, beginning to use high-frequency words.

alphabetic principle

Understanding spoken words are broken down into phonemes (single letters and sounds), and that the letters in written words represent the phonemes in spoken words when spoken words are represented in text.

language experience approach

An approach to literacy instruction in which students orally dictate texts to a teacher. The text is written down by the teacher. The text is then read aloud by teacher as students read along silently. Students are encouraged to re-read text to build fluency. Referred to as ___.

alliteration

The repitition of the initial phoneme either across syllables or across words. Example: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.

consonant

A letter and a sound. All letters of the alphabet except for the vowels: a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes w, and y.

consonant blend

Two or three consonants grouped together; each sound is retained (heard). Example: st, scr

genre

A type or category of literature marked by conventions of style, format, and/or content. They include: mystery, fantasy, epic poetry, novel, play, folktales, biography,essay etc.

context clues

Bits of information from the text, when combined with the reader's own knowledge, allow reader to "read between the lines," figure out meaning of text or determine meaning of unknown words in text.

fluent reader

A reader who reads quickly, smoothly, and with expression; has a large store of sight words; automatically decodes unknown words, and self-corrects.

consonant cluster

A group of consonants that appear together in a syllable without a vowel between them. Example: 'spl' and 'ts' in "splits".

modeled reading

The teacher reads a book aloud that is above the students' reading level. Students may/may not have a copy of the text with which to follow along. Purpose of _______________________ is to demonstrate a skill or ability such as: fluency, fix-up strategy, or think aloud.

assessment

Collection of data to measure student achievement; using data to determine abilities and knowledge about a particular topic.

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