Pentose phosphate pathway
The biochemical pathway that provides ribose (a pentose), NADPH, and other sugar-phosphates from glucose; (an alternative to glycolysis).
The biochemical pathway that breaks down one molecule of glucose (carbohydrate) to form 2 molecules of pyruvate plus energy.
In the presence of O2.
In the absence of O2.
The production of energy under anaerobic conditions.
Lower than normal glucose concentration in the blood. (Low glucose in brain cells causes mental confusion, convulsions, coma, and eventually death).
Higher than normal glucose concentration in blood. (Causes increased urine flow, low blood pressure, coma, and eventually death).
Transports glucose molecules from blood to cells. Released when glucose level in blood is high. (Cells use this glucose to produce energy).
Released when blood glucose level is low. Stimulates breakdown of glycogen in liver and the release of glucose. (Gluconeogenesis).
A chronic condition due to either insufficient insulin or failure of insulin to activate crossing of cell membranes by glucose.
The biochemical pathway for synthesis of glycogen. Occurs when glucose concentrations are high. (Starts with Glucose-6-phosphate).
The biochemical pathway for the breakdown of glycogen. (Occurs when glucose concentrations are high, and an immediate need for energy).
The biochemical pathway for the synthesis of glucose from noncarbohydrates, such as lactate, amino acids, or glycerol.
What 5 enzymes are needed to synthesize Acetyl SCoA from pyruvate?
1. HSCoA; 2. NAD; 3. FAD; 4. TPP; 5. Folate
In glycolysis, what's the reaction from glycolysis to ATP?
Glycolysis--------->pyruvate-->acetyl CoA-->citric acid cycle-->ETS-->ATP
What's the formation of lipid metabolism?
What's the reaction from lipids to ATP?
Lipids-->fatty acids-->acetyl CoA-->citric acid cycle-->ETS-->ATP
What are the 4 fates of Acetyl CoA?
1. Ketone bodies; 2. Cholesterol; 3. Fatty acids; 4. Citric acid cycle