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Systems Oriented clinicians are most interested in:

the interaction between the individual, the family, and the surrounding culture, the process not the content. Identify and understand

Dyads and Triads refer to:

A LIASON, TEMPORARY OR PERMANENT, BETWEEN TWO persons. And triad is three person set of relationships.

From a family systems perspective, the appearance of symptoms in a family member represents the manifestation of:

dysfunction in the system

The "identified patient" is the person in the family who:

The family member with the presenting symptom; thus, the person who initially seeks treatment or for whom treatment is sought.

Metarules are:

A family's unstated rules regarding how to interpret or, if necessary, to change its rules.

Most family rules are:

they revel its values, help set up family roles consistent with these values, and in the precess provide dependablility and regularity to relationships whithin the family system.

A family's metarules refers to:

hang up clothes, parents decide bedtime, heavy lifting done by males.

Homeostasis refers to:

a dynamic state of balance or equilibrium in a system or a tendency toward achieving and maintaining such a state in an effort to ensure a stable environment.

The elements of a system are delineated by its:

boundaries

A schizophrenogenic mother is one who

According to fromm-richmann, a cold, domineering, possessive but rejecting mother (usually married to an inadequate, passive husband) whose behavior toward her son is thought to be a determining factor in his schizophrenic behavior.

The double-bind concept was first introduced to account for the devloipment of:

schizophrenia as a relationship phenomenon rather than an intrapsychic disorder

A double-bind situation calls for

the view that an individual who receives important contradictory injunction at different levels of abstraction about which he or she is unable to comment or escape, in a no win conflict production situation

Which of the following models of family interaction is based largely on the psychoanalytic model

famliy therapy

Object relations therapy is a

The theory that the basic human motive is the search for satisfying object (human) relationships, and that parent-child patterns, especially if frustrating or unfulfilling, are internazlied as introjects and unconsciously imposed on current family relationships.

Object relations theory evolved from the study of:

psychoanalysis and family dynamic Ackerman's foundational approach

Object relations theorist believve the infant's need for what influences the devolpment of self?

The infants need for attachment to the mother is the foundation for the development of the self. A unique psychic org that creates a persons sense of identity.

Object Relations Family Therapy emphasizes the basic human need for:

early attachment?

Common terms used by experiential family therapists include all but one of the following. which term does not fit with the others?

clients free will, choices, human capacity for self-dtermination and self-fullfillment

Generally speaking, experiential therapists:

they strive to behave as real, authentic people. By having direct encounters with clients, they attempt to expand their own experiences often having to deal with their own vulnerabilities in the process.

Experieential therapists are especially critical of:

enriching a family's experiences and enlarging the possibilities for each family member to realize his or her unique talent.

For symbolic-experiential therapists, the focus of therapy is:

A multigenerational approach that uses therapy to address both individual and family relational patterns. The therapist assumes a pivotal role in helping family members dislodge rigid and repetitive ways of interacting by substituting more spontaneous and flexible ways of accepting and dealing with their impulses.

Transgenerational approaches are:

in family therapy, accents how current family patterns, alliances, and boundaries are embedded in unresolved issues from the families of origin.

The "undifferentiated family ego mass" refers to:

Bowen's term for an intense, symbiotic nuclear family relationship; an individual sense of self fails to develop in members because of the existing fusion or emotional "stuck-togetherness"

In bowen's differentiation of Self Scale, people at the low end are apt to lead lives:

according to Bowen, the separation of one's intellectual and emotional functioning; the greater the distinction, the better one is able to resist being overwhelmed by the emotional reactivity of his or her family, thus making one less prone to dysfunction.

The higher the degree of family fusion, the more likely:

. individuals will function poorly, more intense and inconsistent

Bowen Believed that, generally speaking, people choose mates with ________ levels of differentiation than their own.

equivelent

Emotional Cutoff, according to bowen,is:

the flight from unresolved emotional ties to one's family of origin, typical;ly manifested by withdrawing or running away from the parental family, or denying its current importance in one's life.

A major technique utilized by Bowenian therapists involves:

Being a coach, objectivity as emotional reactivity

Bowen's work with families tended to be:

abrupt, upfront

Which of the following statements would likely be made by a structural family therapy?

focus on context not the individual

Structural Therapists emphasize:

A therapeutic approach directed at changing or realigning the family organization or structure in order to alter dysfunctional transactions and clarify subsystem boundaries. - family system, hierarchy. Interdependent of the subsytems.

A primary therapeutic goal for structuralists is:

organizational changes, familys to restructure or reorganize.

Which of the following is not characteristic of "psychosomatic families"?

enmeshment

One objective of structural interventions is for the psychosomatic family to achieve:

clearer boundries, learn to negotiate for desired changes. And to deal more directly with hidden underlining conflictes

Some feminists are critical of Minuchin's emphasis on family hierarchies because they believe.

claiming that they run the risk of reinforcing sexual stereotypes.

In disengaged families boundaries are:

Rigid. "a family organization with overly rigid boundaries, in which members are isolated and feel unconnected to each other, with each functioning separetly and autonomously and without involvement in the day-to-day transactions within the family.

In an enmeshed family:

a family organization in which boundaries between members are blurred and members are overconcerned and overinvolved in each other's lives, limiting individual autonomy.

Members of enmeshed families run the risk of over-emphasizing:

family togetherness

Diffused boundaries are:

excessively blurred or indistinct, *a lot like emmeshed familes.

Members of disengaged families run the risk of over-emphasizing

independence. Interpersonal distance.

Structural Famil Therapy is:

A therapeutic approach directed at changing or realigning the family organization or structure in order to alter dysfunctional transactions and clarify subsystem boundaries. ( changing the systems boundaries to clarify them )

Labeling an anorectic's refusal to eat as "stuubborn" rather than "sick" is an example of:

Reframing

One Tactic employed by minuchin in treating anorectics is to:

Increasing the stress

Structuralists believes the anorectic symptom is embedded in:

Helplessness / faulty family organization

Structuralists view anorexia nervosa as:

A response to family dysfunction

Which of the following would not be considered a communication theorist?

MRI interactional view, Brief therapy principle Current MRI, Haley and madanis, Selvini Palzzoia

Quarreling couples who feel justified in responding to what each perceives as an attack from the other are each imposing his or her own __________ on their interactions:

Punctuation

One of the following is not a concept used by the communication theorists. Which one?

Semantics, syntax, pragmatics,

Relationships are defined by ___________ messages

Command

The person who receives a double-bind message:

Can become confused when paradoxes appear

Therapeutic double-binds:

A general term that describes a variety of paradoxical techniques used to change entrenched family patterns. To force that person into a no-lose situation. Change by remaining the same.

"Prescribing the symptom" is a form of:

Therapeutic double-bind - paradoxical technique for undermining resistence to change, by making it unnecessary.

Relabeling is a form of:

double-bind. verbal redefinition of an event in order to make dysfuncvtional behavior seem more reasonable and understanble, intended to provoke in others a more positive reaction to that behavior.

Haley belives every relationship contains within it an implicit struggle for:

Control the definition of the relationship, Power

Strategic therapists tend to be:

Solution oriented, characterized by carefully planned tactics and the issuants of directives for solving a familys presenting problems.

Gottman Sound Relationship House Theory

Level 1: establish love maps
level 2: Fondness and admiration, love bank
Level 3: respond to bids for attention
Level 4: Develop the positive perspective, love bank
Level 5: Manage Conflict - 4 techniques for solving, softened startup, accept influence, repair and de-esculation, compromise
Level 6: Make life dreams and aspirations come true.
Level 7: Create shared meaning, Use we instead of I.

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