Classicism lasted from ____ to ____
The Classical era is characterized by ____, _______, and _______ ________.
order, objectivity, harmonious proportion
The _____ _______ and ______ ________ profoundly changed political systems and social order.
American Revolution, French Revolution
This person was French, a central figure of Neoclassicism, sympathetic to revolution, voted for execution of Louis XVI, supported Napoleon
____- George Washington and Joseph Haydn born ____-Jefferson born _____-Mozart born _____- Catherine II crowned Empress of Russia
1732, 1743, 1756, 1762
____- Beethoven born ___-___- American Revolution ____- Schiller: Ode to Joy ____-___ French Revolution, change of political & social order ____- Napoleon crowned Emperor
1770, 1775-83, 1785, 1789-99, 1804
Who was the 3rd president?
Thomas Jefferson played what instrument?
Jefferson purchased a violin in _____
Jefferson loved _____, _____, and ____ & _____ ______
Corelli, Haydn, French & Italian opera
Enlightenment also means _______
Age of Reason
During the Enlightenment, Western philosophy & cultural life centered upon _____________
18th century in which reason stood as primary source for authority
Ideas during the Enlightenment were developed by philosophers _____ and _____.
_____ was a French philosopher who declared "Man is born free...."
_____ was a writer, philosopher of French Enlightenment, defended civil liberties, freedom of religion, 20,000 + letters, 2,000 + books & pamphlets
Sturm und Drang means______
storm and stress (or urge, longing)
Sturm und Drang was a movement in German literature and music from the ____'s to _____'s
_________ was the free expression of individual subjectivity, extreme emotions, reaction to confines of the rational, objective, unpersonal representation of reality & ideas of Enlightenment
Sturm und Drang
______ was a German poet, philosopher, historian, playwright
There are more of ______'s poems used in musical settings than ______'s
___ ___ _____ (____ ___ _____) was published in 1785, and was the poem that Beethoven set to music in Symphony No. 9
An die Freude (Ode to Joy)
Sturm und Drang in music: it was expressive instrumental music, _____ themes, ______ syncopation, agitated, resless
A new instrumental genre that consists of 4 movements is called _______
The 4 movements of a symphony are ___-___-___-___
Fast, Slow, Minuet, Fast
___-____ form is popular for individual movements
Continuing genres into the Classical time period are ____, _____, _____, and _____
Opera, concerto, sonata, oratorio
The music of the Classical time period consisted of _______ textures, ______ supported with _______
homophonic, melody, harmony