NASM Chapter 5 - Fitness Assessment

Created by gretchsherm 

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Integrated Fitness Assessment

Provides the fitness professional with a three dimensional representation of the client, which enables proper construction of a training program

Structural efficienccy

Alignment of the musculoskeletal system that allows a center of gravity to be maintained over a base of support

PAR-Q

Questionaire that is designed to help qualify clients for activity levels and identify those who may need medical attention

Objective information

Measurable data that can be utilized to denote improvements in the client, as well as the effectiveness of the program - Physiologic ass., body comp. testing, cardiorespiratory ass., performance assess.

Postural equilibrium

The ability to efficiently maintain balance

Diastolic pressure

Signifies the minimum pressure within the arteries through a full cardiac cycle

Posture

Alignment and function of the kinetic chain at any given moment

Subjective information

Feedback from the client to the fitness professional regarding personal history - Occupation, Lifestyle, Medical & personal info.

Functional efficiency

Ability of the neuromuscular system to monitor and manipulate movement using the least amount of energy, creating the least amount of stress on the kinetic chain

Systolic pressure

Reflects the pressure produced by the heart as it pumps blood to the body

Maximum Heart Rate

220- persons age

Zone 1

Max. HR X .65 or Max. HR X .75 - builds aerobic base and aids in recovery

Zone 2

Max. HR X .80 or Max. HR X .85 - Increases endurance and trains the anaerobic threshold

Zone 3

Max. HR X .86 or Max. HR X .90 - Builds high-end work capacity

4 Skinfold Test Sites

Biceps, Triceps, Subscapular & Iliac crest

Heart Rate

taken by the radial pulse (wrist) or carotid pulse (neck) 15 sec. X 4 will give you heart rate bpm

Cient's body fat percentage is measured by:

Skin-fold Caliper Measurements

7 Circumference Mesurements

Neck, Chest, Waist, Hips, Thighs, Calves, Biceps

Body Mass Index (BMI)

Mild 25-30, Moderate 30-35, Severe over 35

Cardiorespiratory Assessments

Three Minute Step Test & Rockport Walk Test

Posture & Movement Assessments

Overhead Squat Assess., SL Squat Assess, Pushing Assess, Pulling Assess

Basic Performance Assessments

Davies Test, Shark Skill Test, Upper Extremity Strength Assess (Bench Press), Lower Extremity Strength Assess (Squat with barbell)

Observing client performing overhead squat

Observe client from the front(anterior view) feet, ankles & knees, & from the side (lateral view)lumbo-pelvic-hip complex, shoulder, and cervical complex

OH Squat - feet turn out

Overactive muscles, soleus, lat. gastrocnemium, biceps femoris (short head)

OH Squat - knees - move inward

Overactive muscles - Adductor complex, biceps femoris(short head) TFL, vastus lateralis

Overhead Squat - lumbo pelvic complex - excessive lean forward

Overactive muscles - Soleus, lat.gastrocnemius, hip flexor complex, abdominal complex

Overhead Squat - lumbo pelvic complex - low back arches

Overactive muscles - hip flexor complex, erector spine

Overhead Squat - Shoulder complex - arms fall forward

Overactive muscles - latissimus dorsi, teres major, pectoralis major/minor

SL Squat - Knee moves inward

Overactive muscles - Adductor complex, biceps femoris (short head), TFL, vastus lateralis

Pushing Assessment - Lumbo-pelvic-hip-complex - low back arches

Overactive muscles - hip flexors, erector spine

Pushing Assessment - Shoulder complex

Upper trapezius, Sternocleidomastoid, Levator scapulae

Pushing Assessment - Head protrudes forward

Overactive muscles - Upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, levator scapulae

Checkpoints for Pushing & Pulling Assessments

Lumbo-pelvic-hip-complex, Shoulder complex & head

Pulling Assessment - LPHC - low back arches

Overactive muscles - hip flexors & erector spine

Pulling Assessment - Shoulder complex - shoulder elevation

Overactive muscles - upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, levator scapulae

Pulling Assessment - Head - head protrudes forward

Overactive muscles - upper trapeziius, sternocleidomastoid, levator scapulae

Davies Test

designed to assess upper extremity agility & stabilization

Shark Skill Test

designed to assess lower extremity agility & neuromuscular control

Bench Press Test

designed to estimate the one-rep max. for training intensity purposes. considered an advanced assess. for strength-specific goals

Squat with Barbell Test

designed to estimate the one-rep squat max. for training intensity purposes. considered an advanced assess. for strength-specific goals

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