Abnormal Psychology: Anxiety Disorders

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Types of Anxiety Disorders, as well as their symptoms and possible explanations.

Anxiety Disorders

Characterized primarily by anxiety that i so intense or so frequent that it causes serious symptoms.

Mood symptoms of Anxiety Disorders

tension, nervousness, distress, sometimes panic, development of depression

5 Main Categories

Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Phobias, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Stress Disorders (PTSD & Acute Stress Disorder)

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

General, persistent, constant, and often rehabilitating levels of anxiety

Specifics of GAD

No triggers, physiological symptoms typical of a hyperactive autonomic nervous system, lasts from 6 months to years, 5% of people are afflicted by it in some point in their lives

Panic Disorder

Characterized by brief, abrupt, and unprovoked recurrent episodes of intense and uncontrollable anxiety

Symptoms of Panic Disorder

Suddenly feeling apprehensive or terrified, difficulty breathing, heart palpitations, dizziness, sweating, trembling

Specifics of Panic Disorder

Fears losing control of self, going crazy, having a heart attack, of dying; fear of having a panic attack can lead to the development of the disorder; susceptible to agoraphobia due to association with panic attacks; afflicts 1.5% of US population

Generalization

transfer of an anxiety learned to one stimulus to a similar stimulus

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